People’s China

The song of friendship

The song of friendship

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People’s China

People’s China was an English language magazine, first published on 1st January 1950. It’s aim was stated in the first paragraph of the first page;

‘This is a journal dedicated to cementing unity and friendship between the Chinese people and the progressive people of all lands and to the cause of lasting peace and people’s democracy. Through its pages, we intend to inform our readers, twice a month, off the thought and life of the China that has free herself from the clutches of domestic reactionaries and the yoke of foreign imperialists – that is, the people’s China.’

It should be remembered that this first issue was published a mere three months after Chairman Mao declared the foundation of the People’s Republic of China on 1st October 1949 – thereby demonstrating the importance the Communist Party of China placed on the worldwide dissemination of information about the efforts of the Chinese workers and peasants in the construction of Socialism.

As well as English the magazine was also published in Russian, Japanese, Chinese, French and Indonesian.

People’s China magazine was eventually replace by Peking Review, which served the same purpose but which was published weekly. The other magazines which were produced for the foreign reader were China Reconstructs and China Pictorial.

As this magazine started publication so soon after the success of the Chinese Revolution there were still those in a senior position within the Party who were later to be exposed as traitors and reactionary ‘capitalist roaders’, such as Liu Shao-chi ( Liu Shaoqi) and Teng Tsiao-ping ( Deng Xiaoping). At times they promoted the revolutionary, Socialist ideas of the Party at others they were already developing their pernicious and counter-revolutionary thoughts. These were later exposed and their ideas challenged during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution.

1950

Vol. I, 1 – January 1, 1950 32 pages.

Vol. I, 2 – January 16, 1950 32 pages.

Vol. I, 3 – February 1, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I, 4 – February 16, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I, 5 – March 1, 1950 30 pages. Missing pp. 28-29.

Vol. I, 6 – March 16, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I, 7 – April 1, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I, 8 – April 16, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I, 9 – May 1, 1950 24 pages.

Vol. I, 10 – May 16, 1950 39 pages. Includes supplement: May Day speech by Liu Shao-chi, 10 pages.

Vol. I, 11 – June 1, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I, 12 – June 16, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I – Index 2 pages.

Vol. II, 1 – July 1, 1950 32 pages.

1951

Vol. III, 2 – January 16, 1951 32 pages.

Supplement: China and the Second World Peace Congress, 20 pages.

Vol. III, 6 – March 16, 1951 32 pages.

Supplement: World Peace Council Resolutions and Speech by Kuo Mo-jo, 12 pages.

Vol. III, 9 – May 1, 1951 44 pages.

Supplement: The Manifesto and Platform of the Viet-Nam Lao Dong Party, 8 pages.

Vol. IV, 3 – August 1, 1951 36 pages.

Supplement: Documents on the Cease-Fire and Armistice Negotiations in Korea, 12 pages.

Vol. IV, 6 – September 16, 1951 40 pages.

Supplement 1: On the Indictment and Punishment of War Criminals, 8 pages.

Supplement 2: Documents on the Cease-Fire and Armistice Negotiations in Korea (III), 24 pages.

Vol. IV, 12 – December 16, 1951 32 pages. [Includes index for Volume IV (second half of 1951).]

1952

1 – January 1, 1952 42 pages.

2 – January 16, 1952 32 pages.

3 – February 1, 1952 28 pages.

4 – February 16, 1952 32 pages.

5 – March 1, 1952 36 pages. [Missing pages 24-25. Pages 32-33 out of order.]

6 – March 16, 1952 32 pages. [Missing pp. 12-13 and 24-25.]

7 – April 1, 1952 36 pages.

8 – April 16, 1952 31 pages.

Supplement: Statements and Reports on the American Crime of Waging Bacteriological Warfare in China and Korea 15 pages.

10 – May 16, 1952 [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Statements by Two American Air Force Officers, Kenneth Lloyd Enoch and John Quinn, Admitting Their Participation in Germ Warfare in Korea and Other Documents, 16 pages.

Index for issues 1-12 in 1952 3 pages.

18 – September 17, 1952 [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Report of the International Scientific Commission for the Investigation of the Facts Concerning Bacterial Warfare in Korea and China 28 pages.

Index for issues 13-24 in 1952 3 pages.

1953

6 – March 16, 1953 62 pages. – Memorial issue on the death of Stalin: Missing pages 15-18. Includes: Supplement: New Facts on U.S. Germ Warfare in Korea and China (16 pages) and Supplement: The 1953 State Budget of the P.R.C. (16 pages)

8 – April 16, 1953 40 pages.

15 – August 1, 1953 [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Korean Armistice Agreement and Other Documents, 16 pages.

23 – December 1, 1953 [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Depositions of Nineteen Captured U.S. Airmen on Their Participation in Germ Warfare in Korea, 68 pages.

24 – December 16, 1953 [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Indexes for issues 1-12, and for 13-24 in 1953. 8 pages.

1954

9 – May 1, 1954 42 pages.

10 – May 16, 1954 40 pages.

Supplement: Foreign Minister Chou En-lai’s Statements at the Geneva Convention [Not available]

12 – June 16, 1954 44 pages. [Includes index for first half of 1954.]

14 – July 16, 1954 40 pages.

Supplement: Chou En-lai’s Visit to India and Burma, 8 pages.

23 – December 1, 1954 36 pages.

1955

9 – May 1, 1955 42 pages.

Supplement 1: Resolutions and Appeal of the Conference of Asian Countries, New Delhi, April 10, 1955, 8 pages.

Supplement 2: Disaster Strikes the Tachens — The report of a Red Cross investigation into crimes committed by Chiang Kai-shek’s troops during their withdrawal from the Tachens and other islands, April 7, 1955, 20 pages.

23 – December 1, 1955: [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Documents of the Sixth Plenary Session (Enlarged) of the Seventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, 24 pages.

1956 [None yet available.]

1957

14 – July 16, 1957: [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Report on the Work of the Government, by Chou En-lai, delivered on June 26, 1957 at the Fourth Session of the First National People’s Congress. 40 pages. 

16 – August 16, 1957 44 pages.

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Art, Literature, Music and Culture in Socialist China

Workers' Meeting

Workers’ Meeting

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Art, Literature, Music and Culture in Socialist China

Culture and Education in New China, includes Report on Cultural and Educational Work by Kuo Mo-jo and six other reports, 110 pages. (Peking: FLP, n.d. [but either late 1950 or early 1951]).

To Trumpet Bourgeois Literature and Art is to Restore Capitalism — A Repudiation of Chou Yang’s Reactionary Fallacy Adulating the ‘Renaissance’, the ‘Enlightenment’ and ‘Critical Realism’ of the Bourgeoisie, by the Shanghai Writing Group for Revolutionary Mass Criticism, (Peking: FLP, 1971), 53 pages.

A Glance at China’s Culture, by Chai Pien, 106 pages. (Peking: FLP, 1975).

Painting

Selection of Artistic Works by Shanghai Workers, Shanghai People’s Publishing House, 1974, 91 pages. A wonderful collection of paintings, with captions in Chinese.

Shanghai workers’ art selection, a collection of a couple hundred wonderful Chinese political paintings from the later stage of the Cultural Revolution. (Peking: 1975), 110 pages.

Peasant Paintings from Huhsien County, compiled by the Fine Arts Collection Section of the Cultural Group under the State Council of the People’s Republic of China, as exhibited in Peking in 1973. (Peking: People’s Fine Arts Publishing House, 1976), 85 pages.

An article about these paintings appeared in China Reconstructs magazine, Jan. 1974, pp. 17-20

Wood Cuts and Paper Cuts

The East is Red: Paper Cuts of the Chinese Revolution, with text by Lincoln Bergman and paper cuts by members of a People’s Commune in Fatshan, 56 pages. (San Francisco: People’s Press, 1972)

Papercuts – Tigers, n.d. (probably from the 1970s), in color, 7 pages.

Papercuts – Karst Landscape, n.d. (probably from the 1970s), in color, 4 pages.

Papercuts – A Cock Crows at Midnight, n.d. (probably from the 1970s), in black, 8 pages.

Papercuts – Table Tennis, n.d. (probably from the 1970s), in red, 8 pages.

Papercuts – Collective Farm, n.d. (probably from the 1970s), in red, 8 pages.

Papercuts – Sword Training, n.d. (probably from the 1970s), in red, 10 pages.

Bookmarks – with fish and bird images, n.d. (probably from the 1970s), in colour, 9 pages.

Sculpture

Rent Collection Courtyard: Sculptures of Oppression and Revolt, probably the most famous set of works of art in China in the Maoist era. This is a great collection of photographs of these wonderful and emotionally powerful sculptures. (Peking: FLP, 1968), 88 pages.

Introduction to Rent Collection Courtyard, a small pamphlet that accompanied the ‘strip’ version of the sculptures. (Peking: FLP, 1968) 19 pages.

Wrath of the Serfs: A Group of Life-sized Clay Sculptures, powerful scenes of figures showing the pre-revolutionary Tibetan system of exploitation. (Peking: FLP, 1976), 88 pages. (Partial scanner distortion on sheet 17.)

A discussion of this exhibit appeared in Chinese Literature magazine, Feb. 1976, pp. 109-117.

Graphic Histories and Literature (Picture-Stories)

The Old Messenger, by Chun Ching, drawings by Ting Pin-tseng. (Peking: FLP, 1956), 72 pages.

Immortal Hero Yang Ken-sze, story by Wang Hao about a real-life hero in the Chinese People’s Volunteers in the Korean War. Drawings by Ho Yu-chih. (Peking: FLP, 1965), 3rd ed., 140 pages.

Red Women’s Detachment, picture-story by Liang Hsin about the slave girl Chiung-hua on Hainan Island in 1930 who escapes and joins the Red Army. Drawings by Li Tzu-shun. (Peking: FLP, 1966), 148 pages.

Tunnel Warfare, picture-story adapted by Che Mei and Pi Lei about the clever tactics of the masses and people’s militia in Hopei Province during China’s War of Resistance Against Japan (1937-1945). (Peking: FLP, 1972), 164 pages.

Norman Bethune in China, a wonderful, inspiring work featuring fine ink drawings on every page. The adaptation is by Chung Chih-cheng, and the illustrations are by Hsu Jung-chu, Hsu Yung, Ku Lien-tang and Wang Yi-sheng. (Peking: FLP, 1975), 124 pages.

Storms on the Chinkiang Docks, a story of a struggle on the docks during the revolutionary war. Illustrations by Hu Po-tsung and Wang Meng-chi. (Peking: FLP, 1975), 88 pages.

Flying Eagle Cliff, adapted by the Kwangtung People’s Publishing House, drawings by Kuang Ming-yin, Tso Yi, Liu Wei-hsiung and Chung Hsien-chang. It is not clear if there is a historical basis to this story, or if it is just literature. Either way, it is a fine and moving story which is especially good at bringing out that the Communists can’t do what the masses must do themselves; to arrest the class enemies before the masses are aroused would be useless. (Peking: FLP, 1975), 164 pages.

Literature

A Brief History of Chinese Fiction, by Lu Hsun. (Peking: FLP, 1964), 2nd edition, 524 pages.

Lu Hsun – Great Revolutionary, Thinker and Writer, a loose-leaf collection of color paintings, (FLP: 1975), 36 pages. English:

Selected Works of Lu Hsun, Vol. 1, (Peking: FLP, 1956), 488 pages.

Selected Works of Lu Hsun, Vol. 2, (Peking: FLP, 1957), 378 pages.

Selected Works of Lu Hsun, Vol. 3, (Peking: FLP, 1964), 358 pages.

Selected Works of Lu Hsun, Vol. 4, (Peking: FLP, 1960), 326 pages.

Selected Stories of Lu Hsun, by Lu Hsun. (Peking: FLP, 1972), 282 pages.

Old Tales Retold, by Lu Hsun. A collection of 8 tales from 1922-1935. (Peking: FLP, 1972), 150 pages.

The True Story of Ah Q, by Lu Hsun. Probably his most famous work. (Peking: FLP, 1972), 5th edition, 82 pages.

Dawn Blossoms Plucked At Dusk, by Lu Hsun, a collection of essays written in 1926 and first published in 1928. (Peking: FLP, 1976), 138 pages.

Wall of Bronze, by Liu Ching, a novel of the War of Liberation. (Peking: FLP, 1954), 300 pages.

The Builders, by Liu Ching, a novel about the struggles over mutual aid, co-operatives, and socialist collectivization in the Chinese countryside. (Peking: FLP, 1964), 588 pages.

The Man Who Sold a Ghost: Chinese Tales of the 3rd-6th Centuries. (Peking: FLP, 1958), 190 pages.

The Battle of Sangkumryung, by Lu Chu-kuo. Novel about a major battle won by Chinese People’s Volunteers in Korea. (Peking: FLP, 1961), 176 pages.

The Seeds and Other Stories, 14 stories by mostly young writers written during the Cultural Revolution. (Peking: FLP, 1972), 204 pages.

City Cousin and Other Stories, 8 stories, mostly by amateurs, about life in China at this time. (Peking: FLP, 1972), 204 pages. [3,685 KB]

Bright Clouds, by Hao Jan, 8 short stories. (Peking: FLP, 1974), 162 pages.

Yenan Seeds and Other Stories, 6 short stories by various writers. (Peking: FLP, 1976), 156 pages.

The Making of a Peasant Doctor, by Yang Hsiao, a novel. (Peking: FLP, 1976), 228 pages.

Poetry

Mao Tse-tung Poems, by Mao Tse-tung. (Peking: FLP, 1976), 1st edition, 72 pages.

Wild Grass, all 23 prose poems of Lu Xun which were written in 1924-26. (Peking: FLP, 1974), 82 pages.

Mountains Crimsoned with Flowers, by Li Ying, 16 poems. (Peking: FLP, 1974), 44 pages.

Battle of the Hsisha Archipelago (Reportage in Verse), by Chang Yung-mei (Peking: FLP, 1975), 50 pages.

Music

Songs and Dances of the Chinese Youth, (Peking: FLP, 1959), 62 pages.

Historical Revolutionary Songs, (Peking: FLP, 1971), 28 pages.

Theatre and Film

On Stanislavsky’s ‘System’, by the Shanghai Revolutionary Mass Criticism Writing Group, (Peking: FLP, 1969), small pamphlet format, 47 pages.

A Vicious Motive, Despicable Tricks – A Criticism of M. Antonioni’s Anti-China Film China, by Renmin Ribao Commentator, Jan. 30, 1974. (Peking: FLP, 1974), 23 pages.

Opera

On the Revolution of Peking Opera, by Chiang Ching [Jiang Qing] and others, (Peking: FLP, 1968), 76 pages. Chiang Ching’s speech only (7 pages).

Red Detachment of Women. This is the most famous of all the model revolutionary Peking Operas created during the Mao era in China. It depicts the liberation of a peasant girl in Hainan Island and her role in the Chinese Communist Party. It is adapted from the original novel based on the true stories of the all-female Special Company of the 2nd Independent Division of the Chinese Red Army, first formed in May 1931.

Video: (in Chinese) Part 1 [54:51 minutes]; Part 2 [45:29 minutes];

The Red Lantern, a model Peking Opera on a contemporary revolutionary theme.

The Red Lantern: May 1970 Script, Hsinhua News Service, Aug. 6, 1970, 18 double pages in teletype font.

Shachiapang, a model Peking Opera on a contemporary revolutionary theme.

The Story of the Modern Peking Opera Shachiapang, illustrated with drawings, 52 pages. (Peking: FLP, 1972).

Shachiapang – Model Peking Opera on Contemporary Revolutionary Theme, screen play with photographs. (Colombo, Ceylon: Afro-Asian Writers’ Bureau, 1967), 86 pages.

Taking Tiger Mountain by Strategy. This is one of the 8 model works of revolutionary Peking Opera created during the Mao era. It is based on an actual event that took place in 1946 during the Chinese Civil War. A young communist reconnaissance team soldier, Yang Zirong, disguised himself as a bandit to infiltrate a local gang, eventually helping the main revolutionary force to destroy the band.

Video: (in Chinese) Taking Tiger Mountain by Strategy [1 hour, 58 minutes]

Libretto [Script] in English, October 1969, issued by Hsinhua News Agency (June 20, 1970), 22 double pages.

Miscellaneous Arts

Suzhou Embroidery, a fine hard-cover volume in Chinese with some beautiful examples of art from the Cultural Revolution era. (Shanghai: 1976), 78 pages.

Bookmarks in the shape of leaves with frog designs, non-political but artistically appealing bookmarks from China, probably from the 1970s, 7 pages.

Acrobatics and Sports

Chinese Acrobatics, photo book with introduction and captions in English, French and Swahili, (Peking: FLP, 1974), 126 pages.

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Philosophy and Political Economy

Serving the people with dialectics

Serving the people with dialectics

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Philosophy and Political Economy

Mao Tse-tung: Four Essays on Philosophy, (Peking: FLP, 1966), 146 pages. [With a small amount of underlining and marginal notes.]

Materialist Dialectics Helps Fighters Make Ideological Progress, by Chen Chin-yuan, originally in Jiefangjun Bao [Liberation Army Daily], January 10, 1966, 19 pages. This English translation is from the 1968 pamphlet Mao Tse-tung’s Thought is the Invincible Weapon. 87 pages

Selected Essays on the Study of Philosophy by Workers, Peasants and Soldiers, (Peking: FLP, 1971), 96 pages.

Serving the People with Dialectics – Essays on the Study of Philosophy by Workers and Peasants, (Peking: FLP, 1972), 58 pages.

Philosophy is No Mystery – Peasants Put Their Study to Work, (Peking: FLP, 1972), 88 pages.

Three Major Struggles on China’s Philosophical Front (1949-64), 4 articles, (Peking: FLP, 1973), 76 pages.

Fundamentals of Political Economy, also known as the Shanghai Textbook. This book was originally published in Chinese in Shanghai in 1974 as part of the Youth Self-Education Series designed for individual or group study. The first half of the book is about the political economy of capitalism and capitalist-imperialism. Chapter 11 is about Soviet social-imperialism [socialism in name, imperialism in fact]. And the rest of the book is about the political economy of socialism. This is the 1977 translation of the entire volume, as edited by George Wang, 272 scanned sheets, 506 pages.

The portions of this volume on the political economy of socialism were later issued in a revised translation edited by Raymond Lotta (with a Foreword and Afterword) under the title Maoist Economics and the Revolutionary Road to Communism: The Shanghai Textbook (NY: Banner Press, 1994), 404 pages.

Why China Has No Inflation, by Peng Kuang-hsi, (Peking: FLP: 1976), 72 pages.

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