The early years of revolutionary struggle – Part 2 – The War of Resistance Against Japan – 1937-1946

Norman Bethune - Shihchiachuang City, Hopei

Norman Bethune – Shihchiachuang City, Hopei

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The early years of revolutionary struggle – Part 2 – The War of Resistance Against Japan – 1937-1946

China Can Win! The New Stage in the Aggression of Japanese Imperialism and the New Period in the Struggle of the Chinese People, by Wang Ming, (NY: Workers Library Publishers, 1937), 52 pages.

Four Months of War, a pen and picture record of the war between Japan and China in and around Shanghai from August 9 until December 20, 1937, by the North China Daily News, (Shanghai: 1937), 151 pages. This rare item represents the views of the British and other foreign Europeans and Americans resident in Shanghai at the outbreak of the war, and is surprisingly almost neutral (!) with regard to the war between Japan and China.

Heroic China – Fifteen Years of the Communist Party of China, by Pavel Miff, (NY: Workers Library Publishers, 1937), 98 pages. [Missing pages 92-93, and a few pages clipped along the edge during scanning.]

China’s Fight for National Liberation, by Chen Lin [Zhen Lin], (NY: Workers Library Publishers, 1938), 64 pages plus cover.

Norman Bethune in China, a wonderful, inspiring work featuring fine ink drawings on every page. The adaptation is by Chung Chih-cheng, and the illustrations are by Hsu Jung-chu, Hsu Yung, Ku Lien-tang and Wang Yi-sheng. (Peking: FLP, 1975), 124 pages.

China’s New Democracy, by Mao Tse-tung. Introduction by Earl Browder[!]. (Toronto: Progress Books, 1944), 72 pages. [This major essay by Mao was written in January 1940, and appears in the different (authorized) translation under the title On New Democracy in the Selected Works of Mao Tse-tung, Vol. II, p. 339.]

In Guerrilla China, Report of the China Defence League chaired by Mme. Sun Yat-sen (Soong Ching Ling), (Chungking, China: 1943), 76 pages.

The Chinese Communists, by Stuart Gelder, (London: Victor Gollancz, 1946), 340 pages.

The Historical Experience of the War Against Fascism, by the Editorial Department of Renmin Ribao [People’s Daily], 1965, 27 pages.

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Medicine and health care in Socialist China

Barefoot Doctor

Barefoot Doctor

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Medicine and health care in Socialist China

Medicine for the people was one of the many achievements during the Chinese construction of Socialism in the years 1949-1976. This was all part of the policy of the ‘iron rice bowel’ – where the Chinese citizens were guaranteed the basics of life which included; employment, housing, education, health social welfare and dignity in retirement. 

The advances in health care came from a joining of traditional Chinese methods with the advances in science and technology. This meant a radical re-think in how these services would be provided in the most populous country on the planet and where the majority of people lived in the countryside. Training you men and women to be ‘barefoot doctors’ was one of the revolutionary innovations in this battle to bring decent health care to the peasants working in the collective farms and Communes.

This structure which provided health care to all Chinese as of right was quickly dismantled throughout the country when Deng Xiaoping promoted – and had accepted by a large part of the population – the philosophy of ‘To get rich is glorious’. 

At the same time, in the late 1970s, much health care was privatised, standards of care fell and the differences between the town and the country diverged rapidly. Now, in present day China, the state (realising that this was one area where discontent could breed opposition) has started to institute a system of health insurance. This is far from the system that existed during the revolutionary period and when faced with health problems many ‘self-medicate’ – visit a pharmacy and buy expensive drugs which might be cheaper than paying for proper care – which only goes to benefit international drug companies.

The publications below give an idea of what existed in the country pre-1978.

Acupuncture Anaesthesia

Acupuncture Anaesthesia

 

 

Acupuncture used traditional skills and had the advantage of being relatively cheap to administer and avoided over prescription of modern drugs.

 

 

 

Exploring the secrets of treating deaf-mutes

Exploring the secrets of treating deaf-mutes

 

 

 

Acupuncture was also used in the treatment of deafness.

 

 

 

 

Creating a New Chinese Medicine and Pharmachology

Creating a New Chinese Medicine and Pharmacology

 

 

 

The blending of the traditional and modern science and technology in the treatment of the people.

 

 

 

The story of Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion

The story of Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion

 

 

 

A short history of the traditional Chinese methods of dealing with certain illnesses.

 

 

 

 

An Outline of Chinese Acupuncture

 

 

A major publication providing accurate information on the many hundreds of points on the body and how stimulation of those areas through acupuncture could have positive effects in the fight against certain illnesses. 

 

 

 

 

Two diagrams showing the major acupuncture points.

The Frequently-used Points of the Frontal Aspect of the Human Body

The Frequently-used Points of the Frontal Aspect of the Human Body

The Frequently-used Points of the Dorsal Aspect of the Human Body

The Frequently-used Points of the Dorsal Aspect of the Human Body

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Scalpel and the Sword

The Scalpel and the Sword

 

 

More historical than about the treatment of health after the Declaration of the People’s Republic of China in October 1949. This is a biography of the Canadian surgeon Norman Bethune who went to China to support the people during the wars of liberation and who dies of blood-poisoning in the front line in 1939. His actions were seen as the height of international revolutionary solidarity.  

 

 

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