Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB)

British Road to Socialism

British Road to Socialism

More on Britain …

Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB)

The Communist Party of Great Britain was formed in 1920 when a number of smaller left socialist/communist groups came together at the behest of VI Lenin. In his pamphlet ‘Left Wing Communism – an infantile disorder‘ Lenin sought to encourage small groupings (in various countries of Europe) to put away their (oft times petty) differences aside and unite to take on the capitalism as the common enemy of the working class. Having led the Bolsheviks to state power in Russia Lenin’s words carried a great deal of weight and, in some senses, shamed these small groupings to come together.

However, that very process (especially in Britain) was probably one of the reasons the Party was never ideologically united around the theory of Marxism-Leninism.

Although the Party was successful for much of its first 30 years or so in achieving a foothold amongst the working class in the traditional heavy industries, winning and leading some important disputes that had wide ranging significance, they were never a really revolutionary Party and had little impact outside of the organised trade union movement.

An indication of this was the adoption of the (revisionist) British Road to Socialism (which positioned the Party as only slightly to the ‘left’ of the Labour Party and has nothing at all to say about the revolutionary achievement of state power) as the Party’s programme in April 1952 – at the Party’s 22nd Congress – which pre-dated Khrushchev’s renunciation of Marxism-Leninism in November 1956.

That act of betrayal to the principles of Marxism-Leninism – an opportunist move in an attempt to make itself attractive to a greater proportion of the population – led to the growing marginalisation of the Party and by following the lead of the Soviet Union in the International Polemic in the 1960s saw its attractiveness for those who wanted a revolutionary change of society wane considerably. The result was a fracturing of the movement – strangely similar to what had existed pre-1920.

It’s growing dependence upon the revisionist Soviet Union from the late 1950s onwards meant that when the Soviet Union itself fell apart in 1990 that crutch that had kept the CPGB afloat (following the earlier adoption of the strangely named ‘Eurocommunism’) was taken away and the collapse of the Party was as quick as that of the erstwhile Socialist state.

However, it did produce some good material – especially in the 1930s and 40s – and some of that is reproduced below, as well as documents which also show its internal disintegration and lack of Marxist-Leninist ideology.

Pamphlets and books

British Communist Party, a short history, Tom Bell, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1937, 201 pages.

Four Lesson Course, for the use of Communist Party Branches and Training Groups, Communist Theory Series, No 1, CPGB, London, 1937, 16 pages.

The Political and Social Doctrine of Communism, R Palme Dutt, Day to Day Pamphlets No 39, Hogarth Press, London, 1938, 44 pages.

Chamberlain helped Hitler, JR Campbell, CPGB, London, 1938, 16 pages.

The Chamberlain-Hitler collusion, Alvin Finkel and Clement Leibovitz, Merlin Press, Rendlesham, 1997, 325 pages. How the UK assisted the Nazis for their opposition to Soviet Communism – a continuation of the political stance since the first days following the 1917 October Revolution.

A textbook of industrial history in wartime, including a record of the Shop Stewards Movement, Wal Hannington, The Marxist Textbook Series, No 5, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1940, 119 pages.

Marxism, nationality and war, a textbook in two parts, Part 1, Nationalism and Imperialism, edited by Diana Torr, The Marxist Textbook Series, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1940, 128 pages.

War on the USSR, University Socialist Club, Cambridge, University Labour Federation, London, 1940, 16 pages.

Leninism, a syllabus based on Stalin’s ‘Foundations of Leninism’ together with an introductory lecture presented on March 23 1941, R Palme Dutt, Lawrence and Wishart (for the Marx Memorial Library and Workers School), London, 1941, 40 pages.

An Introduction to Political Economy, R Page Arnot, Marx House Syllabus No 3, Lawrence and Wishart (for the Marx Memorial Library and Workers School), London, n.d., 1941?, 28 pages.

Britain in the World Front, R Palme Dutt, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1942, 226 pages.

The Communist Party, its theory and practice, Outlines for use in classes, No 1, Dialectics as an aid to work, the Party of a new type, Problems of Factory Group Organisation, CPGB, London, 1942, 14 pages.

The Communist Party, its theory and practice, Outlines for use in classes, No 2, International Front and National Front, The Labour Movement, Propaganda: aims and methods, CPGB, London, 1942, 14 pages.

Soviet Leaders – Timoshenko, Ivor Montagu, CPGB, London, 1942, 15 pages.

Soviet Leaders – Voroshilov, Ivor Montagu, CPGB, London, 1942, 16 pages.

The Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Syllabus for six lectures on the history of the CPSU, with notes on reading, CPGB, London, 1942, 31 pages.

The imperialist struggle for a new redivision of the world, E Varga, Director of the Institute of World Economy and Politics in Moscow, reprinted from Volume 22, No 11 of Labour Monthly, Trinity Trust, London, n.d., 1943?, 11 pages.

Soviet Jews at War, Professor H Levy, Russia Today, April 1943, London, 1943, 31 pages.

Take over the mines, the case for nationalisation, Harry Pollitt, CPGB, London, 1944, 24 pages.

The Colonies, The Way Forward, a memorandum issued by the Executive Committee of the Communist Party, CPGB, London, 1944, 68 pages.

Political Economy and Capitalism, some essays in economic tradition, Maurice Herbert Dobb, George Routledge and Sons, London, 1946, 357 pages.

Looking Ahead, Harry Pollitt, CPGB, London, 1947, 132 pages.

Soviet Foreign Policy 1917-1947, British Soviet Society, London, 1947, 36 pages.

The Soviet Transition from Socialism to Communism, Emile Burns, CPGB, London, 1950, 16 pages.

The British Road to Socialism, Programme adopted by the Executive Committee of the Communist Party by Communist Party of Great Britain, January 1951, Communist Party, London, 1951, 22 pages.

Readers Guide to Marxist Classics, prepared and edited by Maurice Cornforth, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1952, 132 pages.

Inner Party Democracy, CPGB, London, 1957, 32 pages.

Published in accordance with the Resolution adopted by the 25th Congress of the Communist Party, April 19-22, 1957.

26th Congress Report, March 27-30 1959, CPGB, London, 1959, 74 pages.

Wages, Maurice Dobb, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1959, 201 pages.

Socialism in Britain, AL Morton, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1963, 80 pages.

The Rise and Fall of the Daily Herald, R Palme Dutt, CPGB, London, 1964, 20 pages.

Keep out of the Common Market, CPGB, London, 1967, 16 pages.

British Road to Socialism, 3rd revised edition, CPGB, London, 1968, 72 pages. Although a later, revised, edition this is substantially the same document that was adopted in 1951. It got even worse, if that was at all possible, when it was re-drafted in 1977/8.

Aeschylus and Athens, a study in the social origins of drama, George Thomson, Grosset and Dunlap, New York, 1968, 385 pages.

People Before Profits – Election Manifesto 1970, CPGB, London, 1970, 16 pages.

Incomes Policy, The Great Wage Freeze Trick, Bert Ramelson, CPGB, London, 1971, 21 pages.

The future of man, a Socialist Library No. 2, James Klugman, CPGB, London, 1971, 44 pages.

UCS – The Fight for the Right to Work, Alex Murray, Secretary, Scottish Committee of Communist Party, CPGB, London, 1971, 20 pages.

Britain and the Socialist Revolution, a Socialist Library, No. 1, Betty Matthews, CPGB, London, 1972, 24 pages.

Cogito, the Theoretical and Discussion journal of the YCL, Trotsky and the World Revolution, a critique by Monty Johnstone, CPGB, London, 1976, 16 pages.

The British Road to Socialism (Draft) – for discussion, CPGB, London, 1977, 40 pages.

‘Congress instructs the executive committee to initiate and facilitate the widest possible debate within the party and the labour movement with a view to the adoption of a revised edition of The British Road to Socialism at the 35th national congress.’ From a Resolution at the 34th Congress, November 1975.

The British Road to Socialism, Programme of the CPGB, adopted at the 35th Congress, November 1977, CPGB, London, 1978, 68 pages.

Leo McCree, What a man, what a fighter, an account of Leo McCree’s part in the working class struggles in Liverpool, Jim Arnison, Union of Construction, Allies Trades and Technicians (UCATT), London, 1980, 118 pages.

When the People Arose, The Peasants Revolt of 1381, AL Morton, a Communist Party pamphlet, published to mark the 600th anniversary of the great peasant uprising in south-east England, CPGB, London, May 1981, 40 pages.

Police, accountable to whom, Merseyside CPGB, Liverpool, 1983, 24 pages.

Who Cares? – Bulletin of Merseyside Communist Party Health Group, Liverpool, CPGB, Liverpool, Summer 1984, 14 pages.

Liverpool’s State of Health, edited by Katy Gardner and Steve Munby, Merseyside Communist Party, Liverpool, 1985?, 38 pages.

Marxism Today

The Party’s Theoretical and Discussion Journal, published monthly, from 1957 to 1991.

Marxism Today, Volume 14, No. 10, CPGB, London, October 1970, 40 pages.

Marxism Today, Volume 14, No. 11, CPGB, London, November 1970, 36 pages.

Marxism Today, Volume 25, No. 10, CPGB, London, October 1981, 52 pages.

Labour Monthly

A journal published from 1921-1981 and associated with the CPGB. It was edited from its beginning until his death in 1974 by R. Palme Dutt.

Volume 32 No 7, The Trinity Trust, London, July 1950, 48 pages.

Marxist Study Course – Political Economy

01 – Marxist Theory of Value, Martin Lawrence, London, 1932, 52 pages.

02 – Capital and Surplus Value – Part 1, Martin Lawrence, London, 1932?, 52 pages.

03 – Capital and Surplus Value – Part 2, Martin Lawrence, London, 1932?, 46 pages.

04 – Wages and Accumulation of Capital – Part 1, Martin Lawrence, London, 1932?, 48 pages.

05 – Wages and Accumulation of Capital – Part 2, Martin Lawrence, London, 1932?, 48 pages.

06 – The Distribution of Surplus Value – Part 1, Martin Lawrence, London, 1932?, 52 pages.

07 – The Distribution of Surplus Value – Part 2, Martin Lawrence, London, 1933, 56 pages.

08 – Economic Crises – Part 1, Martin Lawrence, London, 1933, 52 pages.

09 – Economic Crises – Part 2, Martin Lawrence, London, 1933?, 64 pages.

10 – Imperialism – Part 1, Martin Lawrence, London, 1933, 64 pages.

10A – Imperialism, Supplementary Illustrative Material, Martin Lawrence, London, 1933, 47 pages.

11 – Imperialism – Part 2, Martin Lawrence, London, 1933?, 52 pages.

Marxist Study Course – Working Class History

01 – The Great French Revolution, International Publishers, New York, 1931, 52 pages.

02 – Industrial Revolution – Chartism, Martin Lawrence, London, 1932, 50 pages.

03 – The Revolution of 1848, International Publishers, New York, 1931?, 49 pages.

04 – First International and Paris Commune, International Publishers, New York, 1931?, 47 pages.

The Modern Quarterly

A journal published from 1945-1953 and associated with the CPGB. It was edited by John Lewis.

Volume 1 No 1, December 1945, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1945, 95 pages.

Volume 2 No 1, Winter 1946-7, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1946, 95 pages.

Volume 2 No 2, Spring 1947, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1947, 92 pages.

Volume 2 No 3, Summer 1947, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1947, 94 pages.

Volume 3 No 1, Winter 1947-8, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1947, 96 pages.

Volume 3 No 3, Summer 1948, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1948, 93 pages.

Volume 3 No 4, Autumn 1948, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1948, 96 pages.

Volume 4 No 3, Summer 1949, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1949, 94 pages.

Volume 4 No 4, Autumn 1949, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1949, 92 pages.

Volume 5 No 1, Winter 1949-50, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1949, 95 pages.

Volume 5 No 1, Winter 1949-50, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1949, 95 pages.

Volume 5 No 2, Spring 1950, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1950, 94 pages.

Volume 5 No 3, Summer 1950, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1950, 95 pages.

Volume 5 No 4, Autumn 1950, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1950, 95 pages.

Volume 6 No 3, Summer 1951, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1951, 91 pages.

Volume 6, 1951, index, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1951, 4 pages.

Volume 7 No 2, Spring 1952, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1952, 58 pages.

Volume 7 No 3, Summer 1952, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1952, 61 pages.

Volume 8 No 1, Winter 1952-3, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1952, 61 pages.

Philosophy

A Text Book of Dialectical Materialism, David Guest, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1939, 110 pages.

Science and Idealism, Maurice Cornforth, International Publishers, New York, 1946, 267 pages.

Dialectical Materialism and Science, Maurice Cornforth, Marxism Today Series No. 7, Lawrence and Wishart, 1949, 63 pages.

Marx and Science, JD Bernal, International Publishers, New York, 1952, 48 pages.

Socialism in the Nuclear Age, John Eaton, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1961, 191 pages.

Historical Materialism, Maurice Cornforth, International Publishers, New York, 2nd edition, 1962, 148 pages. Volume 2 of the 3-volume ‘ Dialectical Materialism; an introduction’.

Marxism and the Linguistic Philosophy, Maurice Cornforth, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1967, 384 pages.

The Open Philosophy and the Open Society, Reply to Dr Karl Popper’s Refutations of Marxism, Maurice Cornforth, International Publishers, New York, 1968, 396 pages.

More on Britain …

The Party of Labour of Albania against Russian, Yugoslav and Chinese Revisionism

Enver at 81 Communist Parties Meeting 1961

Enver at 81 Communist Parties Meeting 1961

More on Albania …..

The Party of Labour of Albania against Russian, Yugoslav and Chinese Revisionism

A collection of articles taken from Albanian magazines and periodicals from the 1970s and 1980s.

The theory of ‘Limited Sovereignty’ – A flagrant expression of the imperialist policy of the Soviet Revisionists, Agim Popa, professor, specialist in the field of Marxist philosophy, from Albania Today, 1972, No. 3, 8 pages.

Soviet working class – deprived of the means of production, Veniamin Toçi and Kiço Kapetani, economists, from Albania Today, 1973, No. 4, 7 pages.

Revisionist economic integration and its contradictions, Kiço Kapetani and Veniamin Toçi, journalists, specialists in economic affairs, from Albania Today, 1974, No. 3, 8 pages.

The National Question and Revisionism, Bujar Hoxha, professor, titular of the chair of historic materialism at the State University of Tirana, from Albania Today, 1974, No. 4, 10 pages.

The Kremlin neo-colonialists oppress and plunder the peoples, article from ‘Zeri I Populitt’, from Albania Today, 1975, No. 1, 4 pages.

The Soviet economy – a completely and definitely capitalist economy, Aristotel Pano, economist, lecturer at the Tirana University, from Albania Today, 1975, No. 4, 8 pages.

The Revisionist Parties – typically bourgeois, counter-revolutionary parties, Fiqret Shehu, Member of the Central Committee of the Party of Labour of Albania, Director of the ‘V. I. Lenin’ Party School. Co-paper read at the scientific sessions on Class Struggle in the Party, organized by the Institute of Marxist-Leninist Studies at the CC of the PLA, from Albania Today, 1977, No. 5, 15 pages.

‘Eurocommunism’ or Undisguised Revisionism, from Zëri i Popullit, organ of the CC of the PLA, dated December 4, 1977, from Albania Today, 1978, No. 1, 9 pages.

Revisionist ‘theories’ of restored capitalism, Hekuran Mara – Professor, member of the Academy of Sciences of the PSR of Albania, from Albania Today, 1978, No. 3, 10 pages.

The organizational degeneration of the Revisionist Parties and its consequences, Petro Ciruna and Pandi Tase, Pedagogues at the ‘V.I. Lenin’ Party School, from Albania Today, 1978, No. 3, 4 pages.

The capitalist character of the relations of production in the Soviet Union, Aristotel Pano and Kiço Kapetani, economists, from Albania Today, 1978, No. 5, 10 pages.

Broadening and deepening of the struggle against all the currents of Modern Revisionism – an historical necessity, Fiqret Shehu – Member of the CC of the PLA and Directress of the ‘V. I. Lenin’ High Party School, from Albania Today, 1978, No. 6, 18 pages.

Soviet Revisionism – The most complete theory of Modern Revisionism, Omer Hashorva – Chief of the Department of Philosophy at the ‘V. I. Lenin’ High Party School, from Albania Today, 1979, No. 3, 3 pages.

The processes of capitalist development of the Chinese economy, Tomor Cerova, Docent, Professor at the Faculty of Economics at the University of Tirana, from Albania Today, 1980, No. 2, 12 pages.

COMECON – an instrument of Soviet Social-imperialism for the exploitation and domination of the member countries, Gene Xhuvani and Lulezim Hana, ND (but after 1980), 4 pages.

The capitalist degeneration of the collective farms in the Soviet Union today, Nexhmedin Luari, Senior Scientific Worker, ND (but after 1980), 3 pages.

Complete integration of the Soviet economy into the world capitalist economy, Fatos Nano, from Soviet Revisionism and the struggle of the PLA to unmask it, 8 Nëntori Publishing House, Tirana, 1981, 4 pages.

Some characteristics of state monopoly capitalism in the Soviet Union, Priamo Bollano, Senior Scientific Worker, from Soviet Revisionism and the struggle of the PLA to unmask it, 8 Nëntori Publishing House, Tirana, 1981, 4 pages.

The mechanism of the Soviet economic machine, Hekuran Mara, from Soviet Revisionism and the struggle of the PLA to unmask it, 8 Nëntori Publishing House, Tirana, 1981, 3 pages.

The present socio-economic order in the Soviet Union – a capitalist order, Omer Hashorva, Candidate of Sciences, from Soviet Revisionism and the struggle of the PLA to unmask it, 8 Nëntori Publishing House, Tirana, 1981, 9 pages.

On the mechanism of the extraction and appropriation of Surplus Value in the Soviet Society, Fatos Nano, Candidate of Economic Sciences, taken from No. 3 of the Albanian edition of the magazine Socio-Political Studies, ND (but after 1981), 13 pages.

The Marxist-Leninist theoretical thinking of the PLA and Comrade Enver Hoxha on the Socialist Development and Transformation of Agriculture, Nexhmedin Dumani and Zydi Pepa, economists, from Albania Today, 1984, No. 5, 15 pages.

Some manifestations of national oppression in the Soviet Union today, Natasha Iliriani, Lecturer, from Socio-Political Studies, No. 4, 1987, 15 pages.

The Titoite Revisionists’ anti-Marxist views on the nation – an expression of their idealist reactionary world outlook, Xhafer Dobrushi, Candidate of Sciences, Socio-Political Studies No. 4, 1987, 14 pages.

More on Albania …..

Vladimir Ilyich Lenin – individual works, compilations, biographies and including earlier Collected and Selected editions

Lenin in the Smolny

Lenin in the Smolny

More on the USSR

The Great ‘Marxist-Leninist’ Theoreticians

Vladimir Ilyich Lenin – individual works, compilations, biographies and including earlier Collected and Selected editions

This page will include individual pamphlets of the works of VI Lenin as well as a more information about his life and work. Available elsewhere on the site are the Collected Works – a total of 47 volumes – which is the most extensive resource in the English language of the ideas of the leader of the Bolshevik Party and the first Socialist State.

(This is an on going project and other material will be added as and when it becomes available in a digital format. If you are after a particular pamphlet and it is not here at the moment then it might appear in the future.)

Collected and Selected Works

Collected Works of V. I. Lenin, 1930s International Publishers Edition, New York,

Volume 13, Materialism and Empirio-Criticism, 1927, 347 pages.

Volume 18, The Imperialist War, 1930, 499 pages.

Volume 21, Book 1, Toward the Seizure of Power, 1932, 305 pages.

Volume 21, Book 2, Toward the Seizure of Power, 1932, 353 pages.

VI Lenin: Selected Works, in 12 volumes, International Publishers, New York, late 1930s, arranged by period and by topic.

Although the later 45-volume Collected Works is more complete and more carefully prepared, this earlier set provides alternate translations which may be helpful in some cases. Plus, this set may facilitate identifying references to Lenin’s specific writings which point to these volumes. Further to that they were also produced at a time when the Soviet Union was following the Socialist Road and the translations were not subject to a Revisionist interpretation, which is the possibility with the versions published in the 1970s.

Volume 1: The Prerequisites of the Russian Revolution (1891-1899), International Publishers, New York, n.d. 1930s, 564 pages.

Volume 2: The Struggle for the Bolshevik Party (1900-1904), International Publishers, New York, n.d. 1930s, 587 pages.

Volume 3: The Revolution of 1905-1907, International Publishers, New York, n.d. 1930s, 649 pages.

Volume 4: The Years of Reaction and of the New Revival (1908-1914), International Publishers, New York, n.d. 1930s, 465 pages.

Volume 5: Imperialism and Imperialist War (1914-1917), International Publishers, New York, n.d. 1930s, 409 pages.

Volume 6: From the Bourgeois Revolution to the Proletarian Revolution (1917), International Publishers, New York, n.d. 1930s, 679 pages.

Volume 7: After the Seizure of Power (1917-18), International Publishers, New York, n.d. 1930s, 535 pages. Different scan, Volume 7: After the Seizure of Power (1917-18), Lawrence & Wishart, London, 1936, 536 pages.

Volume 8: The Period of War Communism (1918-1920), International Publishers, New York, n.d. 1930s, 473 pages.

Volume 9: New Economic Policy; Socialist Construction, International Publishers, New York, 1937, 521 pages.

Volume 10: The Communist International, International Publishers, New York, 1938, 345 pages.

Volume 11: The Theoretical Principles of Marxism, International Publishers, New York, n.d. 1930s, 779 pages.

Volume 12: Theory of the Agrarian Question, International Publishers, New York, 1938, 351 pages. Different scan, Volume 12: Theory of the Agrarian Question, International Publishers, New York, 1938, 349 pages.

VI Lenin: Selected Works in Three Volumes, Progress Publishers, Moscow 1970/71.

Volume 1, 1970, 890 pages.

Volume 2, 1970, 818 pages.

Volume 3, 1971, 866 pages.

Individual pamphlets

The War and the Workers, speech May 27 1917, International, New York, 1929, Little Lenin Library No 24, 36 pages.

The Teachings of Karl Marx, International Publishers, New York, 1930, 48 pages.

The War and the Second International, (London, Martin Lawrence, 1931), Little Lenin Library, Volume Two, 63 pages. Two documents written in 1914, ‘The Collapse of the Second International’ and ‘The War and Russian Social-Democracy’.

The April Conference, (N.Y., International, 1932), 62 pages. Little Lenin Library, Volume Ten. The Conference actually took place from 7th to the 12th May, 1917 (the backward Tsarist state used the Julian calender which was – in 1917 – 13 days adrift from the Gregorian calender used in most of Europe, hence the ‘April’ Conference of 24th to the 29th Old Calender took place in May).

Lenin on Religion, (London, Martin Lawrence, N.D. 1930s), Little Lenin Library, Volume Seven, 56 pages.

State and Revolution, (London, Martin Lawrence, 1933), Little Lenin Library, Volume Fourteen, 96 pages.

The Paris Commune, (London, Martin Lawrence, 1935), Little Lenin Library, Volume Five, 62 pages.

The Teachings of Karl Marx, (London, Martin Lawrence, 1937), Little Lenin Library, Volume One, 47 pages.

Women and Society, an early collection of articles and excerpts, International, New York, 1938, 36 pages.

Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism, (London, Lawrence and Wishart, 1939), 127 pages. Little Lenin Library, Volume Fifteen.(My copy is seriously damaged, particularly in one place, and so it was impossible to scan pages 82 and 83. In their place I have scanned the missing text from pages 709-711 from ‘The Essential Lenin in Two Volumes, Volume 1, London, Lawrence and Wishart, 1947’. It’s not exactly the same but the closest to the 1939 text I have been able to find.)

War and the Workers, (N.Y., International, 1940), 32 pages. Little Lenin Library, Volume Twenty Four. A reprint of a lecture delivered by VI Lenin in Petrograd on May 27th, 1917, about a month after his return from exile. The manuscript was not discovered until twelve years afterwards and was published for the first time in the Moscow Pravda on April 23rd, 1929.

Left-Wing Communism, an Infantile Disorder, a popular essay on Marxian strategy and tactics, International Publishers, New York, 1940, 95 pages.

Ten Classics of Marxism, Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin, International Publishers, New York, 1940, 785 pages.

The Tasks of the Proletariat in our Revolution (London, Lawrence and Wishart, ND, 1940?), Little Lenin Library, Volume Nine, 52 pages.

On Britain, (London, Lawrence and Wishart, 1941), 316 pages. Marxist-Leninist Library, Volume Eighteen, with two Prefaces by Harry Pollitt (1934 and 1941).

The Deception of the People by the Slogans of Equality and Freedom (London, Lawrence and Wishart, 1942), Little Lenin Library, Volume Nineteen, 47 pages.

A Dictionary of Terms and Quotations – Compiled from the Works of VI Lenin by Thomas Bell, (London, Lawrence and Wishart, 1942), Little Lenin Library, Volume Twenty Five, 45 pages.

One step forward, two steps back, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1948, 115 pages.

The Immediate Tasks of the Soviet Government, (Moscow, FLPH, 1951), 79 pages.

The National Pride of the Great Russians, (Moscow, FLPH, 1951), 15 pages.

Marx, Engels, Marxism, FLPH, Moscow, 1951, 577 pages.

In commemoration of the 90th anniversary of the birth of VI Lenin the Foreign Languages Press in Peking produced a series of books with quotations from the extensive works of the leader of the October Revolution and First Socialist State on various topics pertinent at the time of the struggle against Soviet Revisionism and the restoration of capitalism in the USSR.

This approach to the works of Lenin, where significant quotations were taken from longer works, was the principal that was followed later with the production of the ‘Little Red Book’ of quotations from the works of Chairman Mao at the beginning of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution.

We are aware of six volumes in this series.

On War and Peace, 2nd ed., (Peking, October 1960), 84 pages.

On Proletarian Revolution and Proletarian Dictatorship, 2nd ed., (Peking, FLP, October 1960), 89 pages.

On the National Liberation Movement, 2nd ed., (Peking, FLP, October 1960), 58 pages.

On the Struggle Against Revisionism, 2nd ed., (Peking, FLP, October 1960), 98 pages.

On Imperialism, the eve of the Proletarian Social Revolution, 2nd ed., (Peking, FLP, October 1960), 91 pages.

On the Revolutionary Proletarian Party of a New Type, 2nd ed., (Peking, FLP, October 1960), 79 pages.

Lenin’s Fight Against Revisionism and Opportunism – compiled by Cheng Yen-shih (Peking, FLP, 1965), 275 pages

Against dogmatism and sectarianism in the working class movement, Progress, Moscow, 1965, 235 pages.

On War and Peace – Three articles, (Peking, FLP, 1966), 108 pages.

On Culture and Cultural Revolution, Progress, Moscow, 1966, 297 pages.

Karl Marx, a Brief Biographical Sketch with an Exposition of Marxism, (Peking, FLP, 1967), 63 pages.

On Youth – Selection of articles from VI Lenin’s Works, (Moscow, Progress, 1967), 298 pages.

The Right of Nations to Self-determination, (Moscow, Progress, 1967), 80 pages.

A characterisation of economic romanticism, Progress, Moscow, 1967, 143 pages.

Socialism and War, (Moscow, Progress, 1967), 55 pages.

Lenin’s Prediction on the Revolutionary Storms in the East, (Peking, FLP, 1967), 15 pages.

On the National and Colonial Questions – Three articles, (Peking, FLP, 1967), 40 pages.

On the so-called Market Question, (Moscow, Progress, 1968), 51 pages.

Socialism and Religion, (Moscow, Progress, 1968), 7 pages.

May Day. May Day action by the Revolutionary Proletariat, (Moscow, Progress, 1968), 31 pages.

Lecture on the 1905 Revolution, (Moscow, Progress, 1968), 19 pages.

Revolutionary Adventurism, (Moscow, Progress, 1969), 40 pages.

The Tasks of the Youth Leagues, this speech includes Lenin’s most extensive comments on morality and the Marxist-Leninist view of ethics, (Moscow, Progress, 1969), 19 pages.

Party work in the masses, (Moscow, Progress, 1969), 170 pages.

On Religion, Progress, Moscow, 1969, 85 pages.

On the Road to Insurrection, N. Lenin (sic), Communist Party of Great Britain, London, n.d., late 1960s?, 519 pages.

The State, (Peking, FLP, 1970), 25 pages. A lecture delivered at the Sverdlov University, July 11th, 1919.

Lenin on Ireland, (Belfast, Irish Socialist Library, New Books, 1970), 35 pages.

Letters on Tactics – a Collection of Articles and Letters, (Moscow: Progress, 1970), 104 pages.

‘Left-wing’ Communism – An infantile Disorder, (Peking, FLP, 1970), 133 pages.

On the Paris Commune – Selection of articles from VI Lenin’s Works, (Moscow, Progress, 1970), 141 pages.

Two tactics of Social-democracy in the Democratic Revolution, FLP, Peking, 1970, 167 pages.

On Workers’ Control and the Nationalisation of Industry, Progress, Moscow, 1970, 260 pages.

On Lenin, (Dublin, ICO, 1970), 28 pages. 4 articles. The organiser and leader of the Russian Communist Party (On the Fiftieth Anniversary of Lenin’s Birth). Sketches (Comrade Lenin’s Convalescence). On the Death of Lenin (Speech delivered at the Second Congress of Soviets of the USSR, 26th January, 1924). On Lenin (Speech delivered at a Memorial Evening of Kremlin Military Students, 28th January, 1924). Irish Communist Organisation.

On Utopian and Scientific Socialism, articles and speeches, Progress, Moscow, 1970, 254 pages.

Where to Begin. Party Organisation and Party Literature. The Working Class and its Press – 3 Articles. (Moscow, Progress, 1971), 54 pages.

Can the Bolsheviks Retain State Power, (Moscow, Progress, 1971), 63 pages.

The Third International and its place in history, (Moscow, Progress, 1971) 51 pages.

Speeches at the Eighth Party Congress, (Moscow, Progress, 1971) 86 pages. Held in Moscow from 18th – 23rd March, 1919.

On Peaceful Coexistence, articles and speeches, Progress, Moscow, 1971, 144 pages.

Marxism on the State, (Moscow, Progress, 1972), Preparatory material for the book ‘The State and Revolution’. 134 pages.

Materialism and Empirio-Criticism, FLP, Peking, 1972, 466 pages. Lenin’s major study of materialist philosophy together with strong criticism of its idealist opponents within the Russian revolutionary movement, published in 1908.

About the Press, a collection of articles and excerpts, International Organisation of Journalists, Prague, 1972, 483 pages.

The Revolutionary Phrase, ‘Left-Communist’ mistakes at the Brest Peace, articles and speeches, Progress, Moscow, 1972, 171 pages.

Lenin about the press, International Organisation of Journalists, Prague, 1972, 483 pages.

The State and Revolution, (Peking, FLP, 1973), The Marxist teaching on the State and the Tasks of the Proletariat in the Revolution. 151 pages.

Lenin and Gorky, letters, reminiscences, articles, Progress, Moscow, 1973, 432 pages.

On the Foreign Policy of the Soviet State, Progress, Moscow, 1973, 481 pages.

How Lenin wrote for the Masses, Three articles, including one from Chairman Mao Tse-tung and one from Nadezhda Krupskaya and one from VI Lenin, (New Era Books, London, 1974), 26 pages.

Marxism and the Liberation of Women, Quotations from Karl Marx, Frederick Engels, VI Lenin, Joseph Stalin and Mao Tse-tung, Union of Women for Liberation, London, n.d., mid-1970s?, 64 pages. Includes a statement of aims of the Union of Women for Liberation.

A caricature of Marxism and Imperialist Economism, (Moscow, Progress, 1974) 61 pages.

Marx, Engels and Lenin on the Irish Revolution, Historical reprints No. 3, Ralph Fox, Cork Workers Club, Cork, 1974, 36 pages.

Lenin on the Jewish Question, International Publishers, New York, 1974, 160 pages.

Economics and Politics in the era of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat, (Peking, FLP, 1975), 14 pages.

What is to be done?, FLP, Peking, 1975, 252 pages.

What is to be Done, an alternative digital version, n.p., n.d., 129 pages.

On Marx and Engels, FLP, Peking, 1975, 98 pages.

The Proletarian Revolution and the Renegade Kautsky, Foreign Languages Press, Peking, 1975, 145 pages.

The Tasks of the Youth Leagues, (Peking, FLP, 1975), 22 pages. Speech delivered at the Third All-Russian Congress of the Russian Young Communist League, October 2nd, 1920.

Against Right Wing and Left Wing Opportunism, Against Trotskyism, Progress, Moscow, 1975, 600 pages.

On bourgeois democratic revolution, Novosti, Moscow, 1975, 135 pages.

On the Soviet State Apparatus, articles and speeches, Progress, Moscow, 1975, 447 pages.

Differences in the European Labour Movement, (Moscow, Progress, 1976), 11 pages.

One step forward, two steps back, FLP, Peking, 1976, 316 pages.

Marx, Engels, Marxism, Progress, Moscow, 8th rev. ed. 1968 [1976 printing], 515 pages. Most pages well-scanned; a small number too light but mostly legible.

Against revisionism, Progress, Moscow, 1976, 600 pages.

On the Dictatorship of the Proletariat, Progress, Moscow, 1976, 370 pages.

Speeches at Party Congresses, 1918-1922, Progress, Moscow, 1976, 383 pages.

On Scientific Communism, Marx, Engels and Lenin, Progress, Moscow, 1976, 537 pages.

A Great Beginning, (Peking, FLP, 1977), 32 pages. Heroism of the Workers in the Rear, ‘Communist Subbotniks’.

The Three Sources and Three Component Parts of Marxism, published in March 1913, (Peking: FLP, 1977), 18 pages.

Last letters and articles, Progress, Moscow, 1977, 70 pages.

Lenin – Selected Works, Progress, Moscow, 1977, 782 pages.

Marx, Engels, Marxism, Progress, Moscow, 1977, 180 pages.

On Dialectical Materialism, Marx, Engels and Lenin, Progress, Moscow, 1977, 422 pages.

The Woman Question, Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin, International Publishers, New York, 1977, 96 pages.

Lenin and National Liberation in the East, Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1978, 468 pages.

Alliance of the Working Class and the Peasantry, Progress, Moscow, 1978, 447 pages.

On Literature and Art, Progress, Moscow, 1978, 335 pages.

On Trade Unions, a collection of articles and speeches, Progress, Moscow, 1978, 540 pages.

On Participation of the People in Government, a collection of articles and excerpts, Progress, Moscow, 1979, 302 pages.

On the development of heavy industry and electrification, Progress, Moscow, 1979, 203 pages.

On the Slogan for a United States of Europe. The Military Programme of the Proletarian Revolution, (Moscow, Progress, 1980) 29 pages. Two articles.

On the October Revolution, Novosti, Moscow, 1980, 120 pages.

Lenin versus Trotsky and his followers, (Moscow, Novosti, 1981), 127 pages. (Pages 106-107 missing.) A late Revisionist compilation of quotes from VI Lenin attacking the ‘enemies from within the Party’.

On the United States of America, a collection of articles and excerpts, Progress, Moscow, 1982, 636 pages.

On State Capitalism during the transition to Socialism, Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1983, 269 pages.

On State Capitalism during the transition to Socialism – selected quotes

Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism, (Moscow, Progress, 1983), 127 pages.

For those who find 127 pages too much here are some selected quotes from this edition of ‘Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism’.

On Religion, (Moscow, Progress, 1984) 83 pages.

About the Younger Generation, (Moscow, Novosti, 1985) 55 pages.

Experience of the CPSU, its world significance, Progress, Moscow, 1985, 588 pages.

On Socialist Ideology and Culture, (Moscow, Progress, 1985), 223 pages.

Some selected quotes from ‘On Socialist Ideology and Culture’.

On national liberation and social emancipation, Progress, Moscow, 1986, 342 pages.

Introduction to Marx, Engels, Marxism, Progress, Moscow, 1987, 109 pages. Poor scan, some crooked pages, but fully legible.

Lenin’s ‘What Is To Be Done?’, V. P. Filatov, Progress, Moscow, 1987, 116 pages.

Materialism and empirio-criticism, Progress, Moscow, 1987, 384 pages.

On Lenin’s ‘The State and Revolution’, V. Gavrilov, (Moscow, Progress, 1988). A revisionist interpretation of one of Lenin’s most important works. 106 pages.

On Lenin’s ‘Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism, I Rudakova, (Moscow, Progress, 1988). A revisionist interpretation of one of Lenin’s most important works. 106 pages.

The Civil War in France: The Paris Commune, Karl Marx and VI Lenin, International Publishers, New York, 1988, 182 pages.

Lenin’s Economic Writings, edited by Meghnad Desai, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1989, 372 pages.

Learning with Lenin, selected works on education and revolution, Derek R Ford and Curry Malott, Information Age Publishing, Charlotte, 2019, 651 pages.

Two Tactics of Social Democracy in the Democratic Revolution, Foreign Languages Press, Paris, 2021, 149 pages.

On the Communist Press, Lenin, Stalin and Mao Tsetung, Canadian Communist League (Marxist-Leninist), n.d., 200 pages.

The Life of VI Lenin

Leninism or Trotskyism, Grigory Zinoviev, Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev, originally published by the Workers’ Party of America, Daily Worker Publishing, Chicago, 1925. This version FLPH, Moscow, 1949, 75 pages.

Reminiscences of Lenin, Clara Zetkin, Modern Books, London, 1929, 78 pages.

Lenin, by R Palme Dutt, (London, Hamish Hamilton, 1933), 96 pages. A short biography by a British Communist.

Lenin on the Woman Question, Clara Zetkin, International Publishers, New York, 1934, 31 pages.

Lenin in action, the early days of Soviet power, personal reminiscences of Lenin in the Revolution of October 1917, by J Stalin and others, Martin Lawrence, London, 1934, 64 pages.

Lenin – A Biography, (London, Hutchinson, ND, early 1940’s), 204 pages. Prepared by the Marx-Engels-Lenin Institute, Moscow. Published by authority of ‘Soviet War News’. Issued by the Press Department of the Soviet Embassy in London. The closest to an official Soviet biography of VI Lenin available.

My Recollections of Lenin, Klara Zetkin, FLPH, Moscow, 1956, 92 pages.

Reminiscences of Lenin, NK Krupskaya, FLPH, Moscow, 1959, 570 pages.

Pages from Lenin’s life, L Fotieva, FLPH, Moscow, 1960, 220 pages.

VI. Lenin – a Short Biography, translated into English from the 6th Russian edition prepared by the Institute of Marxism-Leninism, CC of the CPSU, 1968. Progress, Moscow, 4th revised edition 1969, 234 pages.

They Knew Lenin, reminiscences of foreign contemporaries, Progress, Moscow, 1968, 287 pages.

Lenin and the Revolution in the East, Novosti, Moscow, 1969, 120 pages.

Lenin through the eyes of the world, letters and comments from abroad, Progress, Moscow, 1969, 184 pages.

Leninist Standards of Party Life, I Pronin and M Stepichev, Progress, Moscow, 1969, 146 pages.

Fine Drawings of Lenin, a collection published by the Communist Party of Germany on the 100th anniversary of the birth of Lenin (1970). 12 pages (missing two drawings).

Lenin as head of government, V Drobizhev, Novosti, Moscow, 1970, 179 pages.

Lenin and the Russian Revolution, Christopher Hill, Penguin, London, 1971, 180 pages.

Lenin’s Teachings and Cause are Immortal, from the record of the Scientific and Theoretical Conference held in Moscow in January 1974 on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of Lenin’s death, Novosti, Moscow, 1974, 40 pages.

Lenin – Life and Work, by V. Zevin and G. Golikov, (Moscow, Novosti, 1975), 228 pages. A revisionist biography of VI Lenin. Second edition, 1977.

Lenin and Modern Natural Science, edited by M. E. Omelyanovsky, Progress, Moscow, 1978, 432 pages.

Lenin: Life and Works, a chronology of Lenin’s life, by Gerda and Hermann Weber, MacMillan, London, 1980, [Originally published in Munich in German in 1974], 240 pages.

Leninism and the agrarian and peasant question, Volume 1, Lenin’s agrarian programmes for the Three Russian Revolutions, Progress, Moscow, 1981, 514 pages.

Leninism and the agrarian and peasant question, Volume 2, historical experience of the CPSU in carrying out Lenin’s co-operative plan, Progress, Moscow, 1981, 597 pages.

The Central Lenin Museum, Moscow – a guide. (Moscow, Raduga, 1986), 160 pages. A guide to the now destroyed Museum dedicated to the life and work of VI Lenin.

Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, Pages from his life, Volume 1, with reminiscences of his associates, Novosti, Moscow, 1990, 174 pages.

Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, Pages from his life, Volume 2, The First Russian Revolution 1905-07, Novosti, Moscow, 1990, 173 pages.

On the so-called ‘Lenin Testament’. A pamphlet produced by W.B. Bland (then of the Communist League UK) of a presentation given to the Stalin Society (UK) in 1991. The ‘Lenin Testament’ was a document that was used by Trotskyites and other anti-Bolsheviks in an attempt to usurp the leadership of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolshevik) after the death of Comrade Lenin in 1924. In an effort to maintain Party unity the document was presented to 13th Party Congress in May 1924 where it was overwhelmingly rejected as having no importance in the choice of the Party leadership, with not even Trotsky voting for it.

Compilations from the works of VI Lenin with other great Marxists

A Handbook of Marxism, with selections from the works of Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin, International Publishers, New York, 1935, 1082 pages,

Strategy and Tactics of the Proletarian Revolution, (N.Y., International, 1936), 95 pages. Consists of a series of brief extracts mostly from the works of Lenin, Stalin and from some reports of the Comintern.

The Dictatorship of the Proletariat, articles and extracts from the works of Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin, compiled and arranged by V. Bystryansky and M. Mishin, ‘Readings in Leninism’ series, (NY: International, 1936), 132 pages.

Lenin and Stalin on Youth, (London, Lawrence and Wishart, 1940), Little Lenin Library, Volume Twenty One, 48 pages.

Lenin and Stalin on The State, (London, Lawrence and Wishart, 1942), Little Lenin Library, Volume Twenty Three, 48 pages.

Dialectical and Historical Materialism, edited by LL Sharkey and S Moston, Current Book Distributors, Sydney, 1945, 152 pages.

Selections from V. I. Lenin and J. V. Stalin on the National and Colonial Question, (Calcutta, 1970), 244 pages.

Selected Writings by Marx, Engels, and Lenin On Anarchism and Anarcho-Syndicalism, International Publishers, New York, 1972, 362 pages.

K. Marx F. Engels V. Lenin On Historical Materialism – a collection, Progress, Moscow, 1972, 751 pages.

Marx, Engels and Lenin: On the Dictatorship of the Proletariat, a collection of quotations, (Peking: FLP, 1975), 52 pages. (Some underlining.) This collection also appeared in Peking Review on February 28, 1975.

Marx, Engels, Lenin On Communist Society – a collection, Progress, Moscow, 1978, 157 pages.

More on the USSR

The Great ‘Marxist-Leninist’ Theoreticians