People’s China

The song of friendship

The song of friendship

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People’s China

People’s China was an English language magazine, first published on 1st January 1950. It’s aim was stated in the first paragraph of the first page;

‘This is a journal dedicated to cementing unity and friendship between the Chinese people and the progressive people of all lands and to the cause of lasting peace and people’s democracy. Through its pages, we intend to inform our readers, twice a month, off the thought and life of the China that has free herself from the clutches of domestic reactionaries and the yoke of foreign imperialists – that is, the people’s China.’

It should be remembered that this first issue was published a mere three months after Chairman Mao declared the foundation of the People’s Republic of China on 1st October 1949 – thereby demonstrating the importance the Communist Party of China placed on the worldwide dissemination of information about the efforts of the Chinese workers and peasants in the construction of Socialism.

As well as English the magazine was also published in Russian, Japanese, Chinese, French and Indonesian.

People’s China magazine was eventually replace by Peking Review, which served the same purpose but which was published weekly. The other magazines which were produced for the foreign reader were China Reconstructs and China Pictorial.

As this magazine started publication so soon after the success of the Chinese Revolution there were still those in a senior position within the Party who were later to be exposed as traitors and reactionary ‘capitalist roaders’, such as Liu Shao-chi ( Liu Shaoqi) and Teng Tsiao-ping ( Deng Xiaoping). At times they promoted the revolutionary, Socialist ideas of the Party at others they were already developing their pernicious and counter-revolutionary thoughts. These were later exposed and their ideas challenged during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution.

1950

Vol. I, 1 – January 1, 1950 32 pages.

Vol. I, 2 – January 16, 1950 32 pages.

Vol. I, 3 – February 1, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I, 4 – February 16, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I, 5 – March 1, 1950 30 pages. Missing pp. 28-29.

Vol. I, 6 – March 16, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I, 7 – April 1, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I, 8 – April 16, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I, 9 – May 1, 1950 24 pages.

Vol. I, 10 – May 16, 1950 39 pages. Includes supplement: May Day speech by Liu Shao-chi, 10 pages.

Vol. I, 11 – June 1, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I, 12 – June 16, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I – Index 2 pages.

Vol. II, 1 – July 1, 1950 32 pages.

1951

Vol. III, 2 – January 16, 1951 32 pages.

Supplement: China and the Second World Peace Congress, 20 pages.

Vol. III, 6 – March 16, 1951 32 pages.

Supplement: World Peace Council Resolutions and Speech by Kuo Mo-jo, 12 pages.

Vol. III, 9 – May 1, 1951 44 pages.

Supplement: The Manifesto and Platform of the Viet-Nam Lao Dong Party, 8 pages.

Vol. IV, 3 – August 1, 1951 36 pages.

Supplement: Documents on the Cease-Fire and Armistice Negotiations in Korea, 12 pages.

Vol. IV, 6 – September 16, 1951 40 pages.

Supplement 1: On the Indictment and Punishment of War Criminals, 8 pages.

Supplement 2: Documents on the Cease-Fire and Armistice Negotiations in Korea (III), 24 pages.

Vol. IV, 12 – December 16, 1951 32 pages. [Includes index for Volume IV (second half of 1951).]

1952

1 – January 1, 1952 42 pages.

2 – January 16, 1952 32 pages.

3 – February 1, 1952 28 pages.

4 – February 16, 1952 32 pages.

5 – March 1, 1952 36 pages. [Missing pages 24-25. Pages 32-33 out of order.]

6 – March 16, 1952 32 pages. [Missing pp. 12-13 and 24-25.]

7 – April 1, 1952 36 pages.

8 – April 16, 1952 31 pages.

Supplement: Statements and Reports on the American Crime of Waging Bacteriological Warfare in China and Korea 15 pages.

10 – May 16, 1952 [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Statements by Two American Air Force Officers, Kenneth Lloyd Enoch and John Quinn, Admitting Their Participation in Germ Warfare in Korea and Other Documents, 16 pages.

Index for issues 1-12 in 1952 3 pages.

18 – September 17, 1952 [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Report of the International Scientific Commission for the Investigation of the Facts Concerning Bacterial Warfare in Korea and China 28 pages.

Index for issues 13-24 in 1952 3 pages.

1953

6 – March 16, 1953 62 pages. – Memorial issue on the death of Stalin: Missing pages 15-18. Includes: Supplement: New Facts on U.S. Germ Warfare in Korea and China (16 pages) and Supplement: The 1953 State Budget of the P.R.C. (16 pages)

8 – April 16, 1953 40 pages.

15 – August 1, 1953 [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Korean Armistice Agreement and Other Documents, 16 pages.

23 – December 1, 1953 [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Depositions of Nineteen Captured U.S. Airmen on Their Participation in Germ Warfare in Korea, 68 pages.

24 – December 16, 1953 [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Indexes for issues 1-12, and for 13-24 in 1953. 8 pages.

1954

9 – May 1, 1954 42 pages.

10 – May 16, 1954 40 pages.

Supplement: Foreign Minister Chou En-lai’s Statements at the Geneva Convention [Not available]

12 – June 16, 1954 44 pages. [Includes index for first half of 1954.]

14 – July 16, 1954 40 pages.

Supplement: Chou En-lai’s Visit to India and Burma, 8 pages.

23 – December 1, 1954 36 pages.

1955

9 – May 1, 1955 42 pages.

Supplement 1: Resolutions and Appeal of the Conference of Asian Countries, New Delhi, April 10, 1955, 8 pages.

Supplement 2: Disaster Strikes the Tachens — The report of a Red Cross investigation into crimes committed by Chiang Kai-shek’s troops during their withdrawal from the Tachens and other islands, April 7, 1955, 20 pages.

23 – December 1, 1955: [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Documents of the Sixth Plenary Session (Enlarged) of the Seventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, 24 pages.

1956 [None yet available.]

1957

14 – July 16, 1957: [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Report on the Work of the Government, by Chou En-lai, delivered on June 26, 1957 at the Fourth Session of the First National People’s Congress. 40 pages. 

16 – August 16, 1957 44 pages.

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Complete and Consolidate the Victory, New China Library Series No. 1; 8 articles from early 1950 about developments in China as well as on international affairs. (Peking: FLP, May 1950), 59 pages.

China’s Feet Unbound, by Wilfred G. Burchette, (London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1952), 196 pages. About the rapid changes in China during the first couple years of the People’s Republic.

China’s New Creative Age, by Hewlett Johnson, Dean of Canterbury, (London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1953), 208 pages.

A Great Decade, by Chou En-lai, 1959. Summing up the achievements of the country in the decade since the founding of the People’s Republic of China. (Peking: FLP, 1959), 45 pages.

Letters From China: Numbers 11-20, by Anna Louise Strong, (Peking: New World Press, 1964), 186 pages. (Missing interior title page; otherwise complete.)

In Celebration of 21st Anniversary of Founding of the People’s Republic of China, Hsinhua News Agency press report, Sept. 30, 1970, 36 double pages with print in teletype font.

Geography of China, English language edition, (Peking: FLP, 1972), 68 pages.

China – A Geographical Sketch, a revised and enlarged version of the above pamphlet, (Peking: FLP, 1974), 144 pages.

Some Basic Facts About China: Ten Questions and Answers, Supplement to China Reconstructs magazine, Jan. 1974, 95 pages. Includes sections on People’s Communes, Neighbourhood Life, the General Line for Socialist Construction, National Economic Development, the Policy of ‘Walking on Two Legs’, Women, Minorities, Education and Health.

More Basic Facts About China, Supplement to China Reconstructs magazine, Jan. 1976, 105 pages. Includes sections on Socialist Economic Construction, How the Oil Industry was Developed, Tachai Commune and the Socialist Countryside, Education, Factories Run their own Colleges, Barefoot Doctors, Cadre Schools, etc.

New China’s First Quarter Century, (Peking: FLP, 1975), 228 pages.

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Important Documents of the First Plenary Session of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, (Peking: FLP, 1949), 54 pages.

The Common Program and Other Documents of the First Plenary Session of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, (Peking: FLP, 1950), 53 pages.

Political Report, by Chou En-lai, delivered at the Second Session of the Second National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference on January 30, 1956. (Peking: FLP, 1956), 51 pages.

Ten Glorious Years – 1949-1959, essays by 19 important Chinese leaders (other than Mao) on the 10th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, including: Liu Shao-chi, Chou En-lai, Lin Piao, Teng Hsiao-ping, Soong Ching Ling, Chen Yi, Li Fu-chun, Ho Lung, Li Hsien-nien, Ko Ching-shih, Li Ching-chuan, Ulanfu, Kang Sheng, Po I-po, Wang Chia-hsing, Liu Lan-tao, Teng Tse-hui, Nieh Jung-chen, and Lo Jui-ching. (Peking: FLP, 1960), 384 pages.

Documents of the First Session of the Fourth National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China, (Peking: FLP, 1975), 104 pages. Including;

  • Proclamation of the National People’s Congress of the PRC
  • The Constitution of the PRC
  • Report on the Revision of the Constitution, by Chang Chun-chiao
  • Report on the Work of the Government, by Chou En-lai
  • Resolutions and Proclamations
  • List of the members of the Presidium and the Secretary General of the 1st Session of the 4th National People’s Congress
  • Press Communique

The Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, as of 1975, (Peking: FLP, 1975), 72 pages, including the Report on the Revision of the Constitution, by Chang Chun-chiao.

The Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, as of 1978, (Peking: FLP, 1978), 52 pages.

The Constitutions of the People’s Republic of China, including the Constitutions of 1954, 1975, 1978, and 1982, in both English and Chinese, 76 pages.

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