The Socialist People’s Republic of China, under the leadership of Chairman Mao Tse-tung (Mao Zedong), was a staunch supporter of the many national liberation movements throughout the world. This all changed very soon after the death of the Chairman as the ‘capitalist-roaders’, under the leadership of Teng Hsiao-ping (Deng Xiaoping), moved the direction of the country towards one of a nationalistic, capitalist power and eventually a new imperialist force on the world stage.
However, in the years up to 1976 it was not easy for China to support the revolutionary and liberation movements int he way it would have liked. The split with the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) in the mid-1960s – following the International Polemic – meant that China had to contend with an increasingly hostile force on its borders.
At the same time hostility from the capitalist/imperialist powers, especially the United States, meant that the People’s Republic had to steer a course through extremely dangerous waters. It wasn’t until 1971 that China was able to take its rightful place as ‘China’ in the United Nations Security Council, a battle for which China owed a great deal to the Socialist Republic of Albania, the Party of Labour of Albania and its leader Enver Hoxha.
Much was published in support of revolutionary movements throughout the world in the pages of the weekly magazine Peking Review, but material was also published in pamphlet format, some examples of which can be found below.
This is a translation of an article written by Nguyen Chi Thanh, member of the Central Political Bureau of the Workers’ Party of Viet Nam. The original article appeared in the July 1963 issue of Hoc Tap (Study), the
theoretical political journal of the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Viet Nam.
‘The Chinese people heartily rejoice at the victory of the Vietnamese people as they would at their own. The tenacious revolutionary spirit and dauntless heroism you displayed in your protracted war of resistance have won you the admiration and praise of the people of the whole world.’ Chairman Mao
‘To win the independence and liberation of their motherland, the Cambodian people courageously took up arms and waged a protracted war against U.S. imperialism
and its lackey, the Lon Nol traitorous clique. In
five years and one month of arduous fighting, they totally annihilated the enemy forces, scoring a historic victory. An independent, peaceful, neutral and flourishing new
Cambodia has arisen.’
Warmly congratulating the Patriotic Cambodian Armed Forces and People on the Liberation of Phnom Phen and All Cambodia
The Party and Government Delegation of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea visits China, 1975
This pamphlet contains the editorial of Hongqi (Red Flag) magazine, No 11, 1967 – ‘People of Indonesia unite and fight to overthrow the Fascist regime’ and excerpts from the Statement of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Indonesian Communist Party on August 17th 1966 and the Self-Criticism it endorsed in September. The two Indonesian documents were published respectively in the No. 1 and No 3 issues of Indonesian Tribune. The Hongqi editorial is a detailed commentary on the two documents.
A celebration of a time when relations between Japan and the Socialist People’s Republic of China were developing on a basis of mutual respect and friendship, 1972
Documents concerning Premier Chou En-lai’s visit to India and Burma. Published as a supplement to People’s China, July 16th 1954
In commemoration of the 50th Anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution
Down with the New Tsars! – Soviet Revisionists’ Anti-China atrocities on the Heilung and Wusuli Rivers, 1969
Declarations, announcements and commentaries surrounding the People’s Republic of China being officially recognised as the true and only representative of the Chinese people in International fora such as the United Nations, 1971
‘The People’s Republic of China has become an important voice in international affairs in recent years. But it’s not just another voice or even another important voice. Because people’s China is the world’s most populous country, because it’s part of the undeveloped third world and because it is a revolutionary country. Peking’s entry into the world political arena is an event of historic magnitude.’
A view from the United States newspaper ‘The Guardian‘, 1972