The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolshevik) – CPSU(B)
The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolshevik) – CPSU(B) was a Party of a new kind. Based upon the principals of Marxism-Leninism it led the workers and peasants of the Soviet Union in the struggle to build a Socialist society in a sixth of the world’s land mass.
Further speeches and reports from other CPSU(B) (and its predecessors) conferences and congresses can be found in the collected works of VI Lenin and JV Stalin.
The Revolutionary Crisis is Maturing, DZ Manuilsky, report to the Seventeenth Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union on behalf of the Delegation of the CPSU in the Communist International, Workers Library Publishers, New York, 1934, 48 pages.
The Growing Prosperity of the Soviet Union, N Voznesensky, Chairman of the State Planning Commission, USSR, delivered at the 18th All Union Conference of the Soviet Union February 18 1941, Workers Library Publishers, New York, 1941, 48 pages.
Once the capitalist and imperialist countries (which had been trying to destroy each others power for four years in the ‘First World War’ of 1914-19) realised that the October Revolution in Russia of the Bolsheviks, led by VI Lenin, was a revolution of a ‘new type’ they did all in their power to destroy the first workers’ state.
In this they used outright military intervention – when 14 nations united on the side of the reactionary forces of feudalism and Tsarism, the so-called ‘Whites’ – but also conspiracy, espionage, sabotage and any other tactics to undermine the revolution. Assassination was part of their game, using local dupes to carry out the act, which included the failed attempt upon the life of Comrade Lenin himself.
Once defeated in the Civil War the imperialists used economic warfare to frustrate the nascent Soviet Union from building a society that was organised for and by the workers and peasants, those who produced all the wealth of the country. Later traitors, and those disaffected within the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolshevik), were also recruited in activities that sought to weaken the country in the face of threat of fascism from Germany and Japan.
The documents below seek to tell a small part of that history.
Why have you come to Mourmansk?, leaflet, addressed to ‘English’ soldiers sent to fight against the Russian revolutionaries, signed by N (VI) Lenin and G Tchitcherine (Chicherin), no date but probably mid to late 1918, 1 page.
Special issue of Wisconsin Magazine of History, with 3 articles about American military intervention in Archangel, 1918-1919, and the American military landing in Vladivostok and its operation of part of the Trans-Siberian Railway. Well illustrated. Volume 62, No. 3, Spring 1979, 92 pages.
Prospects of the Revolution in China, Speech delivered in the Chinese Commission of the ECCI, November 30 1926, with Questions of the Chinese Revolution, Thesis for Propagandists, approved by the CC of the CPSU (B), (Moscow, FLPH, 1955), 100 pages.
Economic Problems of Socialism in the USSR, (Peking, FLP, 1972), 101 pages. This is an almost exact reproduction of the Moscow, FLPH version published in 1952 (see above). The only difference is that this version has a couple of pages of Notes.
On Organization, (Calcutta, New Book Centre, 1974), 56 pages. 4 articles. On problems of Organisational Leadership; Cadres decide everything; Selection, promotion and Allocation of Cadres; On Practical Work. Plus 2 Appendices, one by LM Kaganovich and one by G Dimitrov.
Principles of Party Organization, (Calcutta, Mass Publications, 1975), 47 pages. Thesis on the Organization and Structure of Communist Parties, adopted at the Third Congress of the Communist International in 1921. It was on this basis of this thesis that JV Stalin based his lectures reproduced in ‘The Foundations of Leninism’.
Stalin’s Speeches on the American Communist Party, (San Francisco, Proletarian Publishers, 1975), 39 pages. 3 articles. Speech delivered in the American Commission of the Presidium of the ECCI (May 6, 1929). Speech delivered in the Presidium of the ECCI on the American Question (May 14, 1929). Second Speech delivered at the Presidium of the ECCI on the American Question (May 14, 1929).
Mastering Bolshevism, Speech to the Plenum of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, March 3, 1937. 19 pages.
The Stalin Question, (Calcutta, Kathashilpa, 1979), 400 pages. An Anthology on the question of Stalin. Edited by Banbehari Chakrabarty. ‘Brings together most of the relevant materials – adequately prefaced and annotated – highlighting the basic aspects of the question as reflected in the writings of Lenin, Mao, Khrushchev, Voroshilov, Zhukov, Togliatti, Tito, Garaudy, Hoxha, Trotsky and Stalin.’
The Dictatorship of the Proletariat, articles and extracts from the works of Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin, compiled and arranged by V. Bystryansky and M. Mishin, ‘Readings in Leninism’ series, (NY: International, 1936), 132 pages.
Marxism and the Liberation of Women, Quotations from Karl Marx, Frederick Engels, VI Lenin, Joseph Stalin and Mao Tse-tung, Union of Women for Liberation, London, n.d., mid-1970s?, 64 pages. Includes a statement of aims of the Union of Women for Liberation.
The Death of Stalin – An investigation by ‘Monitor’, (London, Allan Wingate, 1958), 144 pages. This is a strange one. I assume, but am not definite, that this was a publication of the Christian Science Monitor organisation. It’s certainly not a ‘pro-Stalin’ nor pro-Soviet approach towards the death of JV Stalin. However, the conclusion that Stalin was almost certainly murdered is interesting. Or one of the earlier ‘conspiracy theories’?