Enver Hoxha – Speeches and articles

Enver Hoxha and the people of Tirana

Enver Hoxha and the people of Tirana

More on Albania …..

Enver Hoxha – Speeches and articles

Enver Hoxha – Memoirs, Diary Selections and Compilations of Articles,

                        Selected Works

Speech Delivered on Independence Day and on the Arrival of the Democratic Government in Tirana, November 28, 1944. From Selected Works Volume I, 8 Nëntori Publishing House, Tirana, Albania, 1974, pp 399-40. First published in the Bulletin of the National Liberation War, N° 52, November 30, 1944.

Report to the 4th Plenum of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Albania, October 17, 1945. Published in Selected Works Volume I, 8 Nëntori Publishing House, Tirana, Albania, 1974. pp. 428-462. First published in the Bulletin of the National Liberation War, N° 52, November 30, 1945.

Speech to the Constituent Assembly on the Presentation of the Resignation of the Government, January 11, 1946. First published in the newspaper Bashkimi, N° 320; republished in Selected Works Volume 1, pp 469-471.

Program of the First Government of the People’s Republic of Albania presented to the People’s Assembly of the PRA, March 24, 1946, published in Selected Works, Volume 1, pp 519-538, originally published in Bashkimi, N° 382.

Request to the Conference of Ministers of Foreign Affairs in Paris, April 17, 1946, Selected Works Volume 1, 8 Nëntori Publishing House, Tirana, Albania, 1974, pp 539-542.

Speech Delivered at the Plenary Session of the Paris Peace Conference, August 21, 1946. From Selected Works Volume I, 8 Nëntori Publishing House, Tirana, Albania, 1974, pp 593-614. First published in the newspaper Bashkimi, N° 540, September 22, 1946.

Telegram to Secretary General of United Nations Organisation in protest against the violation of the territorial waters of the PRA in the Corfu Channel by warships of Great Britain and against the entry of warships of the United States of America to the port of Durrës without the consent of the Government of the PRS, November 11 1946, Selected Works Volume 1, 8 Nëntori Publishing House, Tirana, Albania, 1974, pp 656-657.

Speech delivered to the People’s Assembly on the opening of the 3rd Regular Session of the 1st Legislature, July 12, 1947. From Selected Works, Volume I, 8 Nëntori Publishing House, Tirana, Albania, 1974, pp 661-695.

On the intellectuals, theses drafted for discussion at the meeting of the Bureau of the Party Committee for the city of Tirana which, on March 21, 1958, was to take up for consideration the report ‘On the work for the education of intellectuals’.

We shall go to Moscow not with ten banners, but with only one, with the Banner of Marxism-Leninism (Speech at the 18th Plenum of the CC of the PLA Concerning Liri Belishova’s Grave Mistakes in Line), September 6, 1960. Published in Albania Challenges Khrushchev Revisionism, 1976, pp 88-101.

The Revolutionary Communists expect China to come out openly against Khrushchevite Revisionism, April 3, 1962. Reflections on China, Volume 1, page 7, publisher The Institute of Marxist-Leninist Studies at the Central Committee of the Party of Labour of Albania, 8 Nentori Publishing House, Tirana, 1979.

The Modern Revisionists on the way to degenerating into Social-Democrats and to fusing with Social-Democracy. Reproduced from Zëri i Popullit dated April 7, 1964. Published in The Party of Labour of Albania in Battle with Modern Revisionism, Naim Frashëri Publishing House, Tirana, Albania, 1972.

The Defence of the Marxist-Leninist Line is vital for our Party and People and for International Communism (Contribution to the Discussion at the 18th Plenum of the CC of the PLA). September 7, 1960 Published in Albania Challenges Khrushchev Revisionism, 1976.

Speech at Meeting of 81 Communist and Workers’ Parties in Moscow on behalf of the Central Committee of the Party of Labour of Albania, November 16th 1960, Tirana, 1960, 71 pages. The speech where Enver Hoxha attacked the Revisionists of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (and their hangers-on of the International Communist Movement) in Moscow in November 1960, one of the most important contributions in the struggle against modern revisionism.

Reject the Revisionist Theses of the XX Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the Anti-Marxist Stand of Khrushchev’s Group! Speech delivered by Enver Hoxha as Head of the Delegation of the Party of Labour of Albania before the Meeting of 81 Communist and Workers Parties, Moscow, 16 November 1960. Different format of the speech above.

Speech at 81 Communist and Workers Parties Meeting, Moscow, 16 November 1960. Scanned from Selected Works Volume 3, 8 Nëntori Publishing House, Tirana, 1980, pp 93-163.

Speech in Commemoration of the 20th Anniversary of the Founding of the Party of Labour of Albania and the 44th Anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution, Tirana, November 7 1961 (excerpts). Delivered on November 7, 1961, at the ‘Tirana Festive Meeting Commemorating the 20th Anniversary of the Founding of the Party of Labour of Albania and the 44th Anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution.’ Published in The Party of Labour of Albania in Battle with Modern Revisionism, Naim Frasheri Publishing House, Tirana, Albania, 1972.

Marxism-Leninism is the guide and leader of every party and not Khrushchev’s conductor’s baton, from a conversation with a delegation of the Communist Party of Malaya, January 20, 1965.

Some Preliminary Ideas about the Chinese Proletarian Cultural Revolution, Speech to the 18th Plenum of the CC of the PLA, October 14, 1966. Text from Enver Hoxha. Selected Works Volume IV, 8 Nentori Publishing House, Tirana, 1982, pp 94-113.

Report on the activity of the Central Committee of the Party of Labour of Albania, held at the 4th Congress of the Party of Labour of Albania on February 13th 1961, Tirana, 1961, 193 pages.

Report to the 4th Congress of the PLA – On the activity of the Central Committee of the Party of Labour of Albania, (extracts), February 13th 1961, Selected Works, Volume 3, 8 Nëntori Publishing House, Tirana, 1989, pp 192-283. A cleaner version of the same report above.

For the Continuous Improvement of the Composition of the Party and its Growth — for the Protection of the Purity of its Ranks, Report of the Activities of the CC of the PLA, given at the 5th Party Congress of the PLA on 1st November 1966.

Report to the 5th Congress of the Party of Labour of Albania, 1 November 1966, excerpt concerning membership.

The Demagogy of the Soviet Revisionists Cannot Conceal Their Traitorous Countenance, January 10, 1969. From Zëri i Popullit daily; from The Party of Labour of Albania in Battle with Modern Revisionism, Naim Frashëri Publishing House, Tirana, Albania, 1972, pp 475-526.

Knowledge of the contradictions in the capitalist-revisionist world serves Marxist-Leninists in their struggle, from a conversation with a delegation of the Communist Party of Australia (Marxist-Leninist) December 8, 1969.

Conversations with Chou En-lai, Tirana, March 27-28, 1965, Enver Hoxha, 8 Nëntori Publishing House, Tirana, 1977, 37 pages.

Literature and the arts should serve to temper people with class consciousness for the construction of socialism, the closing speech delivered at the 15th Plenum of the CC of the PLA, October 26 1965. Published in Enver Hoxha, Selected Works, Volume 3, pp 832-859.

Our younger generation marches along the revolutionary road of The Party, Enver Hoxha, Tirana, 1968, 38 pages. Speech delivered at the mass rally at the Gradishta sector of the Rogozhina-Fieri railway under construction on June 28, 1968.

Letter to Comrade Hysni Kapo, July 30, 1978.

The fist of the Marxist-Leninist Communists must also smash Left Adventurism, the offspring of Modern Revisionism. From a conversation with two leaders of the Communist Party (Marxist-Leninist) of Ecuador October 21, 1968. Selected Works Volume IV, pp 498-514.

Twenty-five years of struggles and victories on the road to Socialism, Enver Hoxha, Naim Frashëri Publishing House, Tirana, 1969, 95 pages. Speech delivered at the solemn meeting dedicated to the 25th anniversary of the Liberation of the country and the Victory of the People’s Revolution.

On further revolutionising our Party and the life of our country as a whole, Speeches 1967-68, Enver Hoxha, Naim Frashëri Publishing House, Tirana, 1969, 345 pages.

Letter to the Ninth Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, April 29, 1969, published in Peking Review No. 19, May 5, 1969.

It is in the Party-People-State power unity that our strength lies, Enver Hoxha, Naim Frashëri Publishing House, Tirana, 1970, 72 pages. Speech delivered to the voters of the Tirana 219 electoral district on September 18, 1970.

Information Bulletin of the Central Committee of the Party of Labour of Albania, No 3 1970, (not the full issue), Enver Hoxha, Speech at the 10th Plenum of the CC of the PLA ‘On the theoretical and practical significance of work organization’, 26th June 1970, Tirana, 1970, 21 pages.

Report submitted to the 6th Congress of the Party of Labour of Albania, Naim Frasheri, Tirana, 1971, 251 pages.

Summary Report to the 6th Congress of the Albanian Party of Labor, Albania Report, New York, 1972, 17 pages.

Intensify the ideological struggle against alien manifestations and liberal attitudes towards them, Enver Hoxha – from the Report submitted to the 4th Plenum of the Central Committee of the Party of Labour of Albania, June 26 1973, Selected Works, Volume 4, pp812-849.

Study Marxist-Leninist Theory – linking it closely with revolutionary practice, Enver Hoxha, Naim Frashëri Publishing House, Tirana, 1971, 56 pages. Speech at the solemn meeting commemorating the 25th anniversary of the founding of the ‘VI Lenin’ Party school.

Report on the role and tasks of the Democratic Front for the complete triumph of Socialism in Albania, Enver Hoxha, 8 Nëntori Publishing House, Tirana, 1974, 125 pages. Submitted at the 4th Congress of the Democratic Front of Albania, September 14 1967.

The Tragic Events in Chile. A Lesson for the Revolutionaries of the Whole World. Zeri i Popullit October 2, 1973.

On further revolutionising our Party and the life of our country as a whole, Speeches 1971-1973, Enver Hoxha, Naim Frashëri Publishing House, Tirana, 1974, 408 pages.

Our policy is an open policy, the policy of proletarian principles, Enver Hoxha, 8 Nëntori Publishing House, Tirana, 1974, 82 pages. Speech delivered at the meeting with the electors of the Tirana No 209 precinct on October 3rd, 1974.

Speech delivered to electors of the 209 Precinct in Tirana, Enver Hoxha, Norman Bethune Institute, Toronto, 1974, 37 pages. Speech delivered on October 3, 1974, at the meeting of electors of the No 209 Precinct in Tirana.

Writers and artists are assistants of the Party for the Communist education of our people, Enver Hoxha, Speech delivered at the meeting of the Secretariat of the Central Committee of the Party of Labour of Albania concerning the implementation to date of the tasks in literature and art set by the 4th Plenum of the CC of the PLA, December 20th 1974, from Enver Hoxha, Selected Works, Volume 4, 8 Nëntori Publishing House, Tirana, 1982, pp888-917.

Report of 7th Congress of the Party of Labour of Albania, November 1st, 1976 in Tirana, – Summary, Gamma Publishing, New York, 1976, 32 pages.

The crisis of Italian Modern Revisionism, Enver Hoxha, 8 Nëntori Publishing House, Tirana, 1977, 64 pages. Contains two articles: an article first published in ‘Zeri i Popullit’ on November 13th 1964 and Comments on the Theses of the 10th Congress of the Communist Party of Italy, written in November 1962.

English abstract of Enver Hoxha’s The Theory and Practice of Revolution. A lengthy editorial published on July 7, 1977, in Zëri i Popullit (The Voice of the People), the official organ of the ruling Albanian Party of Labour, expressed indirect criticism of the basic policy orientation of China.

Khrushchev kneeling before Tito, Enver Hoxha, 8 Nëntori Publishing House, Tirana, 1977, 64 pages. An article first published in the newspaper ‘Zeri i Popullit’, organ of the CC of the Party of Labour of Albania, on September 13th, 1963, under the title ‘Results of N Khrushchev’s Visit to Yugoslavia’, taken from the book Enver Hoxha – Speeches and articles (1963-1964), Tirana, 1977.

The line of our Party is a correct, revolutionary line, in conformity with the teachings of Marxism-Leninism, Enver Hoxha, Letter to all Party Basic Organizations, May 9, 1962, from Albania Today, 1977, No. 3 (34).

The PLA was formed in circumstances different from those of the other Communist Parties, Thursday, January 26, 1978. Published in Albania Today, No 5, 1987.

Albania is forging ahead confidently and unafraid, Enver Hoxha, 8 Nëntori Publishing House, Tirana, 1978, 51 pages. Speech delivered at the meeting with the electors of constituency No 219, Tirana, November 8, 1978.

Yugoslav ‘Self-Administration’ – a capitalist theory and practice, 8 Nëntori Publishing House, Tirana, 1978, 102 pages. An article written to counter the erroneous and anti-Socialist views of E Kardelj expressed in the book Directions of the Development of the Political System of Socialist Self-Administration.

With Stalin – Memoirs, Enver Hoxha, 8 Nëntori Publishing House, Tirana, 1979, 224 pages. On the occasion of the Centenary of the Birth of the Great Marxist-Leninist Joseph Stalin.

The Democratic Front led by the Party is the great organization which unites, organizes and educates the people politically, article published in the newspaper Bashkimi, June 3, 1979. Republished in Albania Today, No 4, 1979.

The Marxist –Leninist Movement and the World Crisis of Capitalism. This material was prepared in August 1979, at Pogradec, published by the Institute of Marxist –Leninist Studies at the Central Committee of the Party of Labour of Albanian, 1986-3, Socio-Political Studies, Tirana – published for the first time as a document of the PLA.

The experience of Marxist-Leninist Parties should be studied and utilized to strengthen our common struggle, from the talk with Joao Amazonas, first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Brazil, September 8 1979, 13 pages.

We must firmly oppose the reactionary tactics of the capitalist and revisionist bourgeoisie with our revolutionary tactics, Enver Hoxha, Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin Institute, Toronto, 1980, 32 pages. From the talk with a member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist), November 14, 1970.

The great world economic crisis is intensifying, Tuesday July 1 1980, extracts from the political diary The Superpowers, Naim Frashëri Publishing House, Tirana, Albania, 1986, pp. 560 -572.

Eurocommunism is Anti-Communism, Workers’ Publishing House, London, 1980, 291 pages. Reformist ideology and Political Opportunism – Fundamental Characteristics of the Eurocommunist Parties.

What lies behind the workers’ strikes at the Polish Baltic ports? Monday September 1 1980. Extracts from the political diary, The Superpowers, Naim Frashëri Publishing House, Tirana, Albania, 1986, pp. 579 – 597.

The events which are taking place in the Moslem countries must be seen in the light of dialectical and historical materialism, from Reflections on the Middle East, 8 Nëntori Publishing House, Tirana; 1984; pp 355-392.

Report to the 8th Congress of the Party of Labour of Albania, Enver Hoxha, 8 Nëntori Publishing House, Tirana, 1981, 281 pages. Submitted to the 8th Congress of the Party of Labour of Albania on November 1, 1981.

REFLECTIONS – Diary on International Questions, Pogradec, Wednesday July 15, 1981, from Socio-Political Studies 2, 1985, pp 49-66, The Institute of Marxist-Leninist Studies at The Central Committee of The Party of Labour of Albania.

Enver Hoxha on Mehmet Shehu, from The Titoites, Historical Notes, 8 Nëntori Publishing House, Tirana 1982 (extracts) pp581-633.

Comrade Enver Hoxha received a group of workers and had a cordial talk with them, published in Albania Today, No 5, 1983, pp5-7.

To the Congress of the Communist Party of Brazil. This document was first published in Albania Today, No 3, 1983.

Comrade Enver Hoxha’s message of greetings to the participants in the Celebration of the 40th Anniversary of the Congress of Përmet. First published in Albania Today, No 3, 1984.

The Albanian Anti-Fascist women found their road of salvation through the National Liberation War – Enver Hoxha, Speech delivered to the 1st Congress of the Albanian Anti-Fascist Women’s Union, November 4, 1944, Published in Albania Today No 5 (78) 1984, pp 43-44.

The 40th Anniversary of the 1st Congress of the Anti-fascist Women’s Union of Albania. Message of greetings of Comrade Enver Hoxha addressed to the former delegates to the 1st Congress of the AWUA, November 3, 1984, published in Albania Today, No 6, 1984, pp30-31.

The State Power we are building is the future of our country and people – Enver Hoxha, from the report submitted to the 2nd Meeting of the Anti-Fascist National Liberation Council of Albania, October 20, 1944. Published in Albania Today No 5 (78) 1984, pp 39-42.

The Khrushchevites – Memoirs, 8 Nëntori Publishing House, Tirana, 1984, 492 pages.

Message of greetings on the occasion of the 40th Anniversary of the Liberation of Albania, 29 November 1984, published in Albania Today, No 6, 1984.

Comrade Enver Hoxha’s message of greetings addressed to the participants in the celebration of the 40th Anniversary of the 2nd Meeting of the Anti-fascist National Liberation Council. First published in Albania Today, No 6, 1984.

Profound Marxist-Leninist analyses of the situation of classes and social strata, the positive and negative influences within Albanian society during the years of the National Liberation War. Reprinted from Laying the foundations of the New Albania (Memoirs and Historical Notes), 8 Nëntori Publishing House, Tirana, Albania, 1974, 30 pages.

Excerpts from the Political Diary and other documents on Albanian – Greek Relations, 1941-1984, Tirana, 1985, Two friendly peoples, pp 431-444, December 30, 1984. One of the last things Enver wrote before his death in April 1985.

About the international situation in the light of current events, extracts from the political diary The Superpowers, Naim Frashëri Publishing House, Tirana, Albania, 1986.

More on Albania …..

The Great Debate between Revolutionary China and the Revisionist Soviet Union

Mao Tse-tung and Enver Hoxha

Mao Tse-tung and Enver Hoxha

More on China …..

The Great Debate between Revolutionary China and the Revisionist Soviet Union

In just under three years after the death of Joseph Stalin (in March 1953) the Soviet Revisionists, under the leadership of Nikita Khrushchev, had enough confidence in their strength to be able to denounce Stalin (but basically all the revolutionary developments in Soviet society since the October Revolution of 1917) at a closed session of the 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union held in February 1956.

The calculated manner in which this denunciation was planned caused confusion in the International Communist Movement (obviously the aim) and allowed those cowards and social democrats who had been allowed to wheedle themselves into Communist Parties throughout the world to throw their hands up in horror and create even more confusion – with the result that the movement was weakened worldwide.

Khrushchev’s speech was just the start of the attack upon revolutionary Socialism, Marxism-Leninism and the Dictatorship of the Proletariat. The lack lustre defence of those principles by the majority of the Communist and Workers Parties throughout the world (or at least in the majority of their leadership and a not inconsiderable number of the members) only served to encourage the Soviet revisionists to go further in their destruction of socialism and the restoration of capitalism in the first workers and peasants socialist state. One of the victims of that development was Khrushchev himself who was thrown out when he had done what was needed at the time. He quickly reached his sell by date.

Only two parties in the position of holding state power were united on the struggle against the revisionists – the Communist Party of China and the Party of Labour of Albania. Below are pamphlets produced by the Chinese Party which record what was to become known as the ‘International Polemic’ – an ideological battle between revolutionaries and revisionists which pleased capitalism and imperialism but which, ultimately, made revolutionary forces throughout the world stronger in that the issues of what separated revolutionaries from the rest were clearly delineated.

In China this ideological struggle was further developed during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution of 1966-76 – initiated by Chairman Mao Tse-tung as the only opportunity for the workers and peasants to remain in control of the society they had been building since 1949. This debate was also carried on in the pages of the magazines produced at the time, principally the weekly political and informative magazine Peking Review but also in China Reconstructs and China Pictorial.

The standpoint of the Party of Labour of Albania can be read in the many documents they produced from the 1950s onwards (into the 1980s) as well as the pages of the monthly, theoretical magazine Albania Today and the writings of the Albanian leader, Enver Hoxha.

Prelude

The Historical Experience of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat, the response of the CPC to Khrushchev’s ‘Secret Speech’ at the 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1956. Published in Renmin Ribao [People’s Daily] on April 5, 1956.

The Historical Experience of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat, annotated.

More on the Historical Experience of the Proletarian Dictatorship, a summary of a discussion at an enlarged meeting of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China focusing on the question of Stalin, which appeared in Renmin Ribao [People’s Daily] on December 29, 1956. (London: CPGB, 1957), 32 pages.

Collections of Early Documents

In Refutation of Modern Revisionism, 7 major editorials and articles from May-June 1958. (Peking: FLP, 1958), 102 pages. Consists of the following documents:

  • Resolution on the Moscow Meetings of Representatives of Communist and Workers’ Parties, adopted May 23, 1958 by the 2nd Session of the 8th National Congress of the CCP.
  • Modern Revisionism Must Be Repudiated, Renmin Ribao [People’s Daily] editorial of May 5, 1958.
  • Modern Revisionism Must Be Fought To The End, Renmin Ribao [People’s Daily] editorial of June 4, 1958.
  • Yugoslav Revisionism — Product of Imperialist Policy, by Chen Po-ta, Hongqi [Red Flag], June 1, 1958 issue.
  • Yugoslav Revisionism Is Just What U.S. Imperialism Needs, by Kang Sheng, Renmin Ribao, June 14, 1958. In Refutation of Modern Revisionism’s Reactionary Theory of the State, by Wang Chia-hsiang, Hongqi, June 16, 1958 issue.
  • The More They Try to Hide, the More They are Exposed — On Tito’s Speech of June 15, by Renmin Ribao Commentator, June 26, 1958.

Whence the Differences? a large book containing most of the early English language articles and pamphlets in the condemnation of revisionism that were published in China. [This new title is on the photographic reprint of the volume done by New Era publishers in Bath, England around 1970. The original edition published in China is entitled Workers of All Countries, Unite, Oppose Our Common Enemy! (Peking: FLP, 1963)], 402 pages. Consists of the following documents:

Workers of All Countries, Unite, Oppose our Common Enemy!, Renmin Ribao [People’s Daily] editorial, Dec. 15, 1962.

The Differences Between Comrade Togliatti and Us, Renmin Ribao editorial, Dec. 31, 1962. Leninism and Modern Revisionism, Hongqi [Red Flag] editorial, No. 1, 1963.

Let Us Unite on the Basis of the Moscow Declaration and the Moscow Statement, Renmin Ribao editorial, Jan. 27, 1963.

Whence the Differences? — A Reply to Thorez and Other Comrades, Renmin Ribao editorial, Feb. 27, 1963.

More on the Differences Between Comrade Togliatti and Us, by the editorial department of Hongqi, Nos. 3-4, 1963.

  • I. Introduction
  • II. The nature of the present great debate among communists
  • III. Contradictions in the contemporary world
  • IV. War and peace
  • V. The state and revolution
  • VI. Despise the enemy strategically, take him seriously tactically
  • VII. A struggle on two fronts
  • VIII. Workers of all countries, unite!

A Comment on the Statement of the Communist Party of the U.S.A., Renmin Ribao editorial, March 8, 1963.

A Mirror for Revisionists, Renmin Ribao editorial, March 9, 1963.

Documents of the Communist Party of China, The Great Debate, Volume 1, 1956-1963, Foreign Languages Press, Paris, 2021, 560 pages.

Individual Early Pamphlets

Long Live Leninism, (Peking: FLP, 1960) Consists of three parts:

  • Long Live Leninism!, by the Editorial Department of Hongqi.
  • Forward Along the Path of the Great Lenin!, by the Editorial Department of Renmin Ribao.
  • Unite Under Lenin’s Revolutionary Banner, by Lu Ting-yi. 58 pages

The Struggle Between Two Lines at the Moscow World Congress of Women, six statements, articles and reports. (Peking: FLP, 1963), 70 pages. [Our apologies for the darkened paper in the copy scanned, though it is still quite legible.]

The Truth About How the Leaders of the CPSU have Allied Themselves with India against China, by the Editorial Department of Renimin Ribao [People’s Daily], Nov. 2, 1963, and including an article reprinted from Pravda as an appendix. (Peking: FLP, 1963), 60 pages.

Formal Inter-Party Letters

A Proposal Concerning the General Line of the International Communist Movement: The Letter of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China in Reply to the Letter of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union of March 30, 1963, June 14, 1963, (Peking: FLP, 1963), 124 pages. Includes as appendices 3 letters from the the CC of the CPSU (Feb. 21, 1963; March 9, 1963; and March 30, 1963). This is one of the most important and most famous documents in the entire history of the world Communist movement.

Seven Letters Exchanged Between the Central Committees of the Communist Party of China and the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, (Peking: FLP, 1964), 84 pages. Includes 4 letters from the CC of the CCP in 1964 (Feb. 20; Feb. 27; Feb. 29; and May 7) and 3 letters from the CC of the CPSU (Nov. 29, 1963; Feb. 22, 1964; and March 7, 1964).

Letter of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China in Reply to the Letter of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Dated June 15, 1964, July 28, 1964, (Peking: FLP, 1964), 60 pages. (Includes the CPSU letter being responded to.)

Letter of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China in Reply to the Letter of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Dated July 30, 1964, August 30, 1964, (Peking: FLP, 1964), 24 pages. (Includes the CPSU letter being responded to.)

Letter of Reply Dated March 22, 1966 of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, (Peking: FLP, 1966), 16 pages. (Includes the CPSU letter of Feb. 24, 1966 being responded to.)

The Polemic on the General Line of the International Communist Movement

The Polemic on the General Line of the International Communist Movement published in Peking by the Foreign Languages Press in 1965, 604 pages.

Individual articles in this collection, most of which are Comments on the Open Letter of the Central Committee of the CPSU, and are jointly written by the editorial departments of Renmin Ribao and Hongqi, are also available here in individual pamphlet form:

Other Pamphlets from the Great Debate

A Comment on the March Moscow Meeting, by the editorial departments of Renmin Ribao and Hongqi, March 23, 1965, 42 pages.

A Great Victory for Leninism – In Commemoration of the 95th Anniversary of the Birth of Lenin, Hongqi [Red Flag] editorial, #4, 1965. (Peking: FLP, 1965), 19 pages.

Carry the Struggle Against Khrushchov Revisionism Through to the End – On the Occasion of the Second Anniversary of the Publication of ‘A Proposal Concerning the General Line of the International Communist Movement’, by the editorial departments of Renmin Ribao (People’s Daily) and Hongqi [Red Flag], June 14, 1965, 24 pages. [Our apologies; we were unable to remove part of the underlining in this pamphlet.]

Refutation of the New Leaders of the CPSU on ‘United Action’, by the editorial departments of Renmin Ribao and Hongqi, Nov. 11, 1965, 44 pages.

The Leaders of the CPSU are Betrayers of the Declaration and Statement, by the editorial department of Renmin Ribao [People’s Daily], Dec. 20, 1965, 16 pages.

Confessions Concerning the Line of Soviet-U.S. Collaboration Pursued by the New Leaders of the CPSU, by Commentator in Hongqi [Red Flag], Feb. 11, 1966, (Peking: FLP, 1966), 24 pages.

Some Questions Concerning Modern Revisionist Literature in the Soviet Union, by Hsiang Hung and Wei Ning. Also includes Selected Statements by Sholokhov, the Renegade Author, compiled by Chang Chun, and The True Features of the Renegade Sholokhov, by Tsai Hui. (Peking: FLP, 1966), 72 pages.

Smash the Big U.S.-Soviet Conspiracy! by Observer of Renmin Ribao, Feb. 20, 1967, about collusion and joint attempts by the U.S. and the Soviet Union to end the revolutionary war in south Vietnam. (Peking: FLP, 1967), 22 pages.

Advance Along the Road Opened Up by the October Socialist Revolution: In Commemoration of the 50th Anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution, by the editorial departments of Renmin Ribao, Hongqi and Jiefangjun Bao [Liberation Army Daily], Nov. 6, 1967, 40 pages. Includes also Comrade Lin Piao’s Speech at the Peking Rally Commemorating the 50th Anniversary of the October Revolution, Nov. 6, 1967.

How the Soviet Revisionists Carry Out All-Round Restoration of Capitalism in the U.S.S.R., reference material from articles in Renmin Ribao and from Hsinhua News Agency, (Peking: FLP, 1968), 88 pages.

Total Bankruptcy of Soviet Modern Revisionism, six articles including two speeches by Chou En-lai, August-September 1968. (Peking: FLP, 1968), 92 pages.

Ugly Performance of Self-Exposure, by Chung Jen, originally published in Chinese in Renmin Ribao, August 14, 1969. (Peking: FLP, 1969), 24 pages.

An Outspoken Revelation, Hsinhua News Agency, April 16, 1970 dispatch. (Peking: FLP, 1970),  22 pages.

Leninism or Social-Imperialism? – In Commemoration of the Centenary of the Birth of the Great Lenin, by the editorial departments of Renmin Ribao, Hongqi and Jiefangjun Bao, April 22, 1970, 78 pages.

Cheap Propaganda, 5 commentaries by Hsinhua Correspondent about hypocritical calls by the Soviet Union for disarmament, August-December 1973, 40 pages. (Peking: FLP, 1974)

Ghost of Confucius, Fond Dream of the New Tsars, 3 commentaries by mass criticism groups and by a Hsinhua correspondent. (Peking: FLP, 1974), 49 pages.

Ugly Features of Soviet Social-Imperialism, a collection of articles from 1973-1975 exposing the Soviet Union as an imperialist power and international exploiter. (Peking: FLP, 1976), 96 pages. Includes:

  • The Superpower Label for Soviet Revisionism Cannot be Removed, by Fan Hsiao
  • The Brezhnev Clique is Following in Hitler’s Footsteps, commentary by Hsinhua Correspondent
  • A Black Line Running Through Two Dynasties — on the new tsars justifying old tsars’ aggression and expansion, commentary by Hsinhua Correspondent
  • Soviet Union — Superpower and Super-Exploiter, commentary by Hsinhua Correspondent
  • C.M.E.A. — Soviet Revisionism’s Instrument for Neo-Colonialism, commentary by Hsinhua Correspondent
  • Sinister Programme of Neo-Colonialism — Soviet revisionists’ vicious motives in peddling theory of ‘international division of labour’ in Third World, by Chai Chang
  • Honey on Lips, Murder in Heart — Social-imperialist nature of Soviet revisionists’ ‘military aid’ to Egypt exposed, by Fan Hsiu-chu and Chung Tung
  • Where is the ‘Dawn of Peace and Co-operation’?, by Mei Ou
  • Warsaw Treaty Organization — Soviet Social-Imperialism’s Tool for Aggression, by Ming Sung
  • Essence of Soviet Revisionists’ ‘All-Europe Economic Co-operation’, by Cheng Wei-min
  • Outright Deceit, Ulterior Motives — On Soviet revisionists peddling ‘Asian collective security system’ in Southeast Asia, commentary by Hsinhua Correspondent
  • Repulse Wolf at Front Gate, Guard Against Tiger at Back Door, by Jen Ku-ping

Social Imperialism: The Soviet Union Today, a collection of articles from Peking Review from 1975-1976, 148 pages. (Berkeley: Yenan Books, 1977).

The Soviet Union Under the New Tsars, by Wei Chi, 100 pages.

Documents from Parties and Individuals in Other Countries Critising Soviet Revisionism (Published in China)

Raise Higher the Revolutionary Banner of Marxism-Leninism, 3 articles by the Korean People’s Worker’s Party from 1962 and 1963 opposing revisionism, 44 pages. [Note: Our apologies for the condition of the pamphlet we scanned, which was literally falling apart. We scanned it in color to increase the contrast of the black print with the yellowed pages.] (Peking: FLP, 1963)

Certain International Questions Affecting Malaya, from the Malayan Monitor, Jan. 31, 1963. (Peking: FLP, 1963), 24 pages.

Reply to Khrushchov – Resolution of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Brazil, including the abridged text of the resolution of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Brazil of July 27, 1963, and also the article The Great Theory of Marxism-Leninism is Bound to Triumph on Our Continent, by José Duarte, originally from the Brazilian journal A Classe Operária, Aug. 16-31, 1963. (Peking: FLP, 1964), 32 pages.

Statement of Ten Central Committee Members of the Ceylon Communist Party, October 27, 1963. Also includes To All Marxist-Leninists Inside the Ceylon Communist Party (Nov. 17, 1963). (Peking: FLP, 1964), 44 pages.

‘Theory’ and Practice of the Modern Revisionists, by Jacques Grippa, Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Belgium, a speech delivered at the Higher Party School fo the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on June 10, 1964. (Peking: FLP, 1965), 60 pages. [Note: Although Grippa initially supported China during the Sino-Soviet Split, he then began to oppose China during the GPCR, and in 1968 actually gave a speech in support of Liu Shaoqi!]

Malayan People’s Experience Refutes Revisionist Fallacies – Sixteenth Anniversary of the Malayan People’s Armed Struggle, June 30, 1964, 24 pages. (Peking: FLP, 1965)

On the Intrinsic Nature of N.S. Khrushchov’s Peaceful Co-Existence Line, an article by Observer in Akahata, organ of the Communist Party of Japan, Nov. 22, 1964. (Peking: FLP, 1965), 62 pages.

On Interventions in and Subversive Activities Against the Democratic Movements of Our Country and Our Party by the CPSU Leadership and the Institutions and Organizations Under its Guidance, an article in Akahata, organ of the Communist Party of Japan, June 22, 1965. (Peking: FLP, 1966), 54 pages.

Border Disputes and Military Confrontations and Incidents Between China and the U.S.S.R.

Down With the New Tsars! a collection of statements and articles condemning the incursion of military forces of the revisionist Soviet Union onto China’s Chenpao Island in the Wusuli River in Heilungkiang Province. (Peking: FLP, 1969), 78 pages.

Down With the New Tsars! – Soviet Revisionists’ Anti-China Atrocities on the Heilung and Wusuli Rivers, photo-filled pamphlet, (Peking: FLP, 1969), 76 pages.

Statement of the Government of the People’s Republic of China (May 24, 1969), regarding the border dispute with the Soviet Union. Also includes the Note of the Hsinhua News Agency on the Publication of the Full Text of the Soviet Government’s Statement of March 29 (May 24, 1969). (Peking: FLP, 1969), 48 pages.

Statement of the Government of the People’s Republic of China (October 7, 1969), regarding the border dispute with the Soviet Union. Also includes the Document of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the PRC—Refutation of the Soviet Government’s Statement of June 13, 1969 (Oct. 8, 1969), (Peking: FLP, 1974), 2nd printing, 40 pages.

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