People’s China

The song of friendship

The song of friendship

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People’s China

People’s China was an English language magazine, first published on 1st January 1950. It’s aim was stated in the first paragraph of the first page;

‘This is a journal dedicated to cementing unity and friendship between the Chinese people and the progressive people of all lands and to the cause of lasting peace and people’s democracy. Through its pages, we intend to inform our readers, twice a month, off the thought and life of the China that has free herself from the clutches of domestic reactionaries and the yoke of foreign imperialists – that is, the people’s China.’

It should be remembered that this first issue was published a mere three months after Chairman Mao declared the foundation of the People’s Republic of China on 1st October 1949 – thereby demonstrating the importance the Communist Party of China placed on the worldwide dissemination of information about the efforts of the Chinese workers and peasants in the construction of Socialism.

As well as English the magazine was also published in Russian, Japanese, Chinese, French and Indonesian.

People’s China magazine was eventually replace by Peking Review, which served the same purpose but which was published weekly. The other magazines which were produced for the foreign reader were China Reconstructs and China Pictorial.

As this magazine started publication so soon after the success of the Chinese Revolution there were still those in a senior position within the Party who were later to be exposed as traitors and reactionary ‘capitalist roaders’, such as Liu Shao-chi ( Liu Shaoqi) and Teng Tsiao-ping ( Deng Xiaoping). At times they promoted the revolutionary, Socialist ideas of the Party at others they were already developing their pernicious and counter-revolutionary thoughts. These were later exposed and their ideas challenged during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution.

1950

Vol. I, 1 – January 1, 1950 32 pages.

Vol. I, 2 – January 16, 1950 32 pages.

Vol. I, 3 – February 1, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I, 4 – February 16, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I, 5 – March 1, 1950 30 pages. Missing pp. 28-29.

Vol. I, 6 – March 16, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I, 7 – April 1, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I, 8 – April 16, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I, 9 – May 1, 1950 24 pages.

Vol. I, 10 – May 16, 1950 39 pages. Includes supplement: May Day speech by Liu Shao-chi, 10 pages.

Vol. I, 11 – June 1, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I, 12 – June 16, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I – Index 2 pages.

Vol. II, 1 – July 1, 1950 32 pages.

1951

Vol. III, 2 – January 16, 1951 32 pages.

Supplement: China and the Second World Peace Congress, 20 pages.

Vol. III, 6 – March 16, 1951 32 pages.

Supplement: World Peace Council Resolutions and Speech by Kuo Mo-jo, 12 pages.

Vol. III, 9 – May 1, 1951 44 pages.

Supplement: The Manifesto and Platform of the Viet-Nam Lao Dong Party, 8 pages.

Vol. IV, 3 – August 1, 1951 36 pages.

Supplement: Documents on the Cease-Fire and Armistice Negotiations in Korea, 12 pages.

Vol. IV, 6 – September 16, 1951 40 pages.

Supplement 1: On the Indictment and Punishment of War Criminals, 8 pages.

Supplement 2: Documents on the Cease-Fire and Armistice Negotiations in Korea (III), 24 pages.

Vol. IV, 12 – December 16, 1951 32 pages. [Includes index for Volume IV (second half of 1951).]

1952

1 – January 1, 1952 42 pages.

2 – January 16, 1952 32 pages.

3 – February 1, 1952 28 pages.

4 – February 16, 1952 32 pages.

5 – March 1, 1952 36 pages. [Missing pages 24-25. Pages 32-33 out of order.]

6 – March 16, 1952 32 pages. [Missing pp. 12-13 and 24-25.]

7 – April 1, 1952 36 pages.

8 – April 16, 1952 31 pages.

Supplement: Statements and Reports on the American Crime of Waging Bacteriological Warfare in China and Korea 15 pages.

10 – May 16, 1952 [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Statements by Two American Air Force Officers, Kenneth Lloyd Enoch and John Quinn, Admitting Their Participation in Germ Warfare in Korea and Other Documents, 16 pages.

Index for issues 1-12 in 1952 3 pages.

18 – September 17, 1952 [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Report of the International Scientific Commission for the Investigation of the Facts Concerning Bacterial Warfare in Korea and China 28 pages.

Index for issues 13-24 in 1952 3 pages.

1953

6 – March 16, 1953 62 pages. – Memorial issue on the death of Stalin: Missing pages 15-18. Includes: Supplement: New Facts on U.S. Germ Warfare in Korea and China (16 pages) and Supplement: The 1953 State Budget of the P.R.C. (16 pages)

8 – April 16, 1953 40 pages.

15 – August 1, 1953 [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Korean Armistice Agreement and Other Documents, 16 pages.

23 – December 1, 1953 [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Depositions of Nineteen Captured U.S. Airmen on Their Participation in Germ Warfare in Korea, 68 pages.

24 – December 16, 1953 [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Indexes for issues 1-12, and for 13-24 in 1953. 8 pages.

1954

9 – May 1, 1954 42 pages.

10 – May 16, 1954 40 pages.

Supplement: Foreign Minister Chou En-lai’s Statements at the Geneva Convention [Not available]

12 – June 16, 1954 44 pages. [Includes index for first half of 1954.]

14 – July 16, 1954 40 pages.

Supplement: Chou En-lai’s Visit to India and Burma, 8 pages.

23 – December 1, 1954 36 pages.

1955

9 – May 1, 1955 42 pages.

Supplement 1: Resolutions and Appeal of the Conference of Asian Countries, New Delhi, April 10, 1955, 8 pages.

Supplement 2: Disaster Strikes the Tachens — The report of a Red Cross investigation into crimes committed by Chiang Kai-shek’s troops during their withdrawal from the Tachens and other islands, April 7, 1955, 20 pages.

23 – December 1, 1955: [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Documents of the Sixth Plenary Session (Enlarged) of the Seventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, 24 pages.

1956 [None yet available.]

1957

14 – July 16, 1957: [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Report on the Work of the Government, by Chou En-lai, delivered on June 26, 1957 at the Fourth Session of the First National People’s Congress. 40 pages. 

16 – August 16, 1957 44 pages.

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China Reconstructs

Chairman Mao Tse-tung

Chairman Mao Tse-tung

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China Reconstructs

This informative magazine was founded in 1952 by Soong Ching-ling [Madam Sun Yat-sen], with the help of the naturalized Chinese citizen Israel Epstein. Originally it appeared bi-monthly, later becaming a monthly.

China was a campanion magazine to the other, regular publications of the Socialist People’s Republic of China, Peking Review, China Pictorial and Chinese Literature.

(Those issues with no link are copies which haven’t been available to scan. If anyone has these numbers and would be prepared to loan them to be scanned it would be very much appreciated. If the year is not listed then that means no issues at all have been available to scan to date.)

1952 – Volume I

1 – January-February

2 – March-April This is a black-and-white xerox copy of this issue

3 – May-June    

4 – July-August

5 – September-October  

6 – November-December  

1953 – Volume II

1 – January-February  

2 – March-April  

3 – May-June  

4 – July-August  

5 – September-October   

6 – November-December   

Supplement: ‘Between Husband and Wife: A Play in One Act’, by the Peking People’s Art Theatre

Supplement: Index for 1953 issues

1954 – Volume III

1 – January-February

2 – March-April

3 – May-June

Supplement: ‘Mistress Clever: A Chinese Folk Tale’

6 – November-December

Supplement: ‘Index for 1954 issues’

1956 – Volume V

1 – January

2 – February    

3 – March   

4 – April  

5 – May  

6 – June  

7 – July   

8 – August   

9 – September  

10 – October

11 – November

12 – December

Supplement: ‘Index for 1956 issues’

1957 – Volume VI

1 – January   

2 – February   

3 – March   

4 – April   

5 – May   

6 – June   

7 – July  

8 – August  

9 – September   

10 – October    

11 – November  

12 – December

Supplement: ‘Index for 1957 issues’

1966 – Volume XV

1 – January

2 – February

3 – March

4 – April  

5 – May

6 – June

7 – July   

8 – August  

9 – September

10 – October

11 – November

12 – December

1967 – Volume XVI

1 – January

Supplement: 1967 Calendar, featuring photos of clay figurines

2 – February  

3 – March   

4 – April  

5 – May

Supplement: ‘Patriotism or National Betrayal? — On the Reactionary Film Inside Story of the Ching Court’

6 – June  

7 – July   

8 – August, Special Issue on the 25th Anniversary of Chairman Mao Tse-tung’s ‘Talks at the Yenan Forum on Literature and Art’

9 – September  

10 – October  

11 – November

Supplement: ‘Along the Socialist Road or the Capitalist Road?’, by the editorial departments of Hongqi and Renmin Ribao and ‘Comments on Tao Chu’s Two Books‘, by Yao Wen-yuan

12 – December   

1968 – Volume XVII

1 – January

2 – February

3 – March  

4 – April  

5 – May  

6 – June  

7 – July  

8 – August  

9 – September 

10 – October

11 – November  

12 – December 

1969 – Volume XVIII

1 – January  

2 – February 

3 – March  

4 – April  

5 – May

6 – June  

7 – July 

8 – August  

9 – September 

10 – October 

11 – November 

12 – December

1970 – Volume XIX

1 – January

2 – February, Special Issue on the revolutionary opera ‘Taking Tiger Mountain by Strategy’

3 – March  

4 – April    

Supplement: ‘Commemorating the Centenary of the Birth of the Great Lenin’

5 – May

Includes supplement: ‘Premier Chou En-lai Pays Friendship Visit to Korea’

Extra Issue ‘People of the World, Unite and Defeat the U.S. Aggressors and All their Running Dogs!’

6 – June   

7 – July  

8 – August  

9 – September   

10 – October 

11 – November  

12 – December 

1971 – Volume XX

1 – January  

2 – February  

3 – March   

4 – April  

5 – May 

6 – June

7 – July  

8 – August

Supplement: ‘Commemorate the 50th Anniversary of the Communist Party of China’

9 – September  

10 — October

Supplement: ‘Table Tennis and Friendship’

11 – November  

12 – December

1972 – Volume XXI

1 – January

2 – February

3 – March

4 – April

Supplement: ‘Joint Communique’, of President Nixon’s visit to China

5 – May

6 – June

7 – July Includes ‘Gateway to Chinese’, beginning a new series of lessons in the Chinese language.

8 – August  

9 – September

10 – October

11 – November

12 – December

Supplement: ‘New Page in Annals of Sino-Japanese Relations’

1973 – Volume XXII

1 – January

2 – February

3 – March

4 – April

5 – May

6 – June

7 – July

8 – August

9 – September

10 – October

11 – November

Supplement: ‘The Tenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China (Documents)’

12 – December

1974 – Volume XXIII

1 – January

Supplement: Some Basic Facts About China: Ten Questions and Answers” Includes sections on People’s Communes, Neighborhood Life, the General Line for Socialist Construction, National Economic Development, the Policy of ‘Walking on Two Legs’, Women, Minorities, Education and Health.

2 – February

3 – March

4 – April

5 – May

6 – June

7 – July

8 – August

9 – September

10 – October

11 – November

12 – December

Supplement: ‘At the U.N.: Chairman of Chinese Delegation Chiao Kuan-hua’s Speech’, Oct. 2, 1974

1975 – Volume XXIV

1 – January

2 – February

3 – March

Supplement: ‘Communique of the Second Plenary Session of the Tenth Central Committee of the CPC’

4 – April

5 – May

6 – June

Supplement: ‘The Chinese People Warmly Congratulate the Great Victories of the Cambodian and the Vietnamese Peoples’

7 – July

8 – August

9 – September

10 – October

11 – November

12 – December

1976 – Volume XXV

1 – January

Supplement: ‘More Basic Facts About China’ Includes sections on Socialist Economic Construction, How the Oil Industry was Developed, Tachai Commune and the Socialist Countryside, Education, Factories Run their own Colleges, Barefoot Doctors, Cadre Schools, etc.

2 – February

3 – March

4 – April

Supplement: ‘Eternal Glory to Comrade Chou En-lai, Great Proletarian Revolutionary of the Chinese and Outstanding Communist Fighter!’

5 – May

6 – June

7 – July

8 – August

9 – September

10 – October This is the last issue of the magazine that was edited from a Maoist revolutionary perspective.

11-12 – November-December, This is the memorial issue upon the death of Mao Zedong, and includes a large number of photographs of Mao over the years. (Note also that in the photograph from the million-person mass memorial meeting (on pages 82-83), the capitalist-roaders who had just staged their coup d’état, absurdly airbrushed out the images of Mao’s wife Jiang Qing and the other three leaders in the so-called “Gang of Four” of Mao’s closest followers.)

(From 1977 onwards all the publications produced in the People’s Republic of China (including those for a foreign readership) started to reflect the world view of the ‘capitalist-roaders’ who had usurped power very soon after the death of Mao Tse-tung in September 1976. They are included here to allow readers to understand how the principles of Socialism were perverted in the early years of the restoration of capitalism.)

1977 – Volume XXVI

1 – January   

The ‘capitalist-roaders‘ step up their campaign against the Marxist-Leninists of the so-called ‘Gang of Four’ 

Supplement: Chairman Hua Kuo-feng’s speech at the Second national Conference on learning from Tachai in agriculture

2/3 – February/March     

4 – April    

Issue devoted to praise of Chou En-lai who, in his final days, had become an ally of the ‘capitaltist-roaders’ within the Party. 

5 – May   

Devoted to a character assassination of Comrade Chiang Ching and her work to establish a Socialist culture in China during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution.

6 – June  

The attack on Chiang Ching continues.  

7 – July    

8 – August  

9 – September  

10 – October   

11 – November  

12 – December

The issue devoted almost entirely to the life of Chairman Mao Tse-tung but praising him in such a way as to denigrate his achievements and advances in Marxist-Leninist revolutionary theory and practice.

1978 – Volume XXVII

1 – January    

2 – February   

3 – March   

4 – April   

5 – May   

6 – June   

7 – July    

8 – August    

9 – September

10 – October   

Supplement: Medical Care for China’s Millions

11 – November    

12 – December   

1979 – Volume XXVIII

1 – January    

2 – February  

Includes an article by the capital-roaders reversing the verdict on the reactionary Tien An Men demonstration in April 1976 which took the opportunity provided by a memorial to Zhou Enlai to attack the so-called ‘Gang of Four‘ and the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. Also includes a scurrilous poem slandering Chiang Ching [Jiang Qing] which was circulated at that demonstration.

3 – March  

4 – April  

5 – May  

6 – June  

7 – July    

8 – August    

9 – September    

10 – October  

11 – November  

12 – December  

1980 Volume XXIX

1 – January   

2 – February  

3 – March   

4 – April  

5 – May   

6 – June  

Includes articles about the rehabilitation of the revisionist chieftain, Liu Shaoqi, by the capitalist-roaders who came to power in a coup d’état after Mao’s death.

7 – July  

8 – August  

9 – September  

10 – October

Missing pages 25-26 and 47-48, which may have been pages of color photos. This appears to have been a printing error.

11 – November   

12 – December    

1981 – Volume XXX

1 – January  

Includes the ludicrous article “Parapsychology, Is it Real?”, which claims that there is scientific evidence that some children can see completely hidden writing and “read” it with their ears, armpits or buttocks! (An astounding example of how far the revisionist regime had already moved away from a scientific materialist perspective.)

2 – February   

Includes an article about the kangaroo court procedings by the capitalist-roaders against the so-called “Gang of Four” and other Maoist revolutionaries.

3 – March  

Includes an article entitled “Is China ‘Going Backward’?” which tries to reassure worried readers that China “is not on the capitalist road”, and contains yet more slander against the so-called “Gang of Four”. Of course it turned out that the worries of these readers were completely justified.

4 – April  

Includes an article about the sentencing of Jiang Qing and the other close followers of Mao after the conclusion of the kangaroo trial against them by the capital roaders.

5 – May  

6 – June   

7 – July  

Supplement: Death of Soong Ching Ling (Mme Sun Yet-sen)

8 – August  

Celebration of the 100th anniversay of the birth of the revolutionary writer Lu Hsun.

9 – September   

Supplement: In memory of Soong Ching Ling (1893-1981)

10 – October  

  • “Advertising Reappears in China”, lauding the appearence of billboards on public streets.
  • “Summing Up: Mao Zedong, the Cultural Revolution and 32 Years of New China”, an article about what is purported to be a “balanced” summing up of Mao and the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in the new CCP document “Resolution on Certain Questions in the History of Our Party Since the Founding of the PRC”. In reality this document, and this article promoting it, are the worst sort of defamatory nonsense on the part of the capitalist roaders.

Insert: Subscription leaflet

11 – November  

Supplement: Chairman Ye Jianying’s elaborations on policy concerning return of Taiwan to Motherland and Peaceful Reunification in an interview with Xinhua correspondent.

12 – December  

1982 – Volume XXXI

1 – January  

2 – February   

3 – March  

4 – April  

5 – May  

6 – June   

7 – July  

8 – August  

9 – September   

10 – October  

11 – November   

12 – December  

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