People’s China

The song of friendship

The song of friendship

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People’s China

People’s China was an English language magazine, first published on 1st January 1950. It’s aim was stated in the first paragraph of the first page;

‘This is a journal dedicated to cementing unity and friendship between the Chinese people and the progressive people of all lands and to the cause of lasting peace and people’s democracy. Through its pages, we intend to inform our readers, twice a month, off the thought and life of the China that has free herself from the clutches of domestic reactionaries and the yoke of foreign imperialists – that is, the people’s China.’

It should be remembered that this first issue was published a mere three months after Chairman Mao declared the foundation of the People’s Republic of China on 1st October 1949 – thereby demonstrating the importance the Communist Party of China placed on the worldwide dissemination of information about the efforts of the Chinese workers and peasants in the construction of Socialism.

As well as English the magazine was also published in Russian, Japanese, Chinese, French and Indonesian.

People’s China magazine was eventually replace by Peking Review, which served the same purpose but which was published weekly. The other magazines which were produced for the foreign reader were China Reconstructs and China Pictorial.

As this magazine started publication so soon after the success of the Chinese Revolution there were still those in a senior position within the Party who were later to be exposed as traitors and reactionary ‘capitalist roaders’, such as Liu Shao-chi ( Liu Shaoqi) and Teng Tsiao-ping ( Deng Xiaoping). At times they promoted the revolutionary, Socialist ideas of the Party at others they were already developing their pernicious and counter-revolutionary thoughts. These were later exposed and their ideas challenged during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution.

1950

Vol. I, 1 – January 1, 1950 32 pages.

Vol. I, 2 – January 16, 1950 32 pages.

Vol. I, 3 – February 1, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I, 4 – February 16, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I, 5 – March 1, 1950 30 pages. Missing pp. 28-29.

Vol. I, 6 – March 16, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I, 7 – April 1, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I, 8 – April 16, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I, 9 – May 1, 1950 24 pages.

Vol. I, 10 – May 16, 1950 39 pages. Includes supplement: May Day speech by Liu Shao-chi, 10 pages.

Vol. I, 11 – June 1, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I, 12 – June 16, 1950 28 pages.

Vol. I – Index 2 pages.

Vol. II, 1 – July 1, 1950 32 pages.

1951

Vol. III, 2 – January 16, 1951 32 pages.

Supplement: China and the Second World Peace Congress, 20 pages.

Vol. III, 6 – March 16, 1951 32 pages.

Supplement: World Peace Council Resolutions and Speech by Kuo Mo-jo, 12 pages.

Vol. III, 9 – May 1, 1951 44 pages.

Supplement: The Manifesto and Platform of the Viet-Nam Lao Dong Party, 8 pages.

Vol. IV, 3 – August 1, 1951 36 pages.

Supplement: Documents on the Cease-Fire and Armistice Negotiations in Korea, 12 pages.

Vol. IV, 6 – September 16, 1951 40 pages.

Supplement 1: On the Indictment and Punishment of War Criminals, 8 pages.

Supplement 2: Documents on the Cease-Fire and Armistice Negotiations in Korea (III), 24 pages.

Vol. IV, 12 – December 16, 1951 32 pages. [Includes index for Volume IV (second half of 1951).]

1952

1 – January 1, 1952 42 pages.

2 – January 16, 1952 32 pages.

3 – February 1, 1952 28 pages.

4 – February 16, 1952 32 pages.

5 – March 1, 1952 36 pages. [Missing pages 24-25. Pages 32-33 out of order.]

6 – March 16, 1952 32 pages. [Missing pp. 12-13 and 24-25.]

7 – April 1, 1952 36 pages.

8 – April 16, 1952 31 pages.

Supplement: Statements and Reports on the American Crime of Waging Bacteriological Warfare in China and Korea 15 pages.

10 – May 16, 1952 [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Statements by Two American Air Force Officers, Kenneth Lloyd Enoch and John Quinn, Admitting Their Participation in Germ Warfare in Korea and Other Documents, 16 pages.

Index for issues 1-12 in 1952 3 pages.

18 – September 17, 1952 [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Report of the International Scientific Commission for the Investigation of the Facts Concerning Bacterial Warfare in Korea and China 28 pages.

Index for issues 13-24 in 1952 3 pages.

1953

6 – March 16, 1953 62 pages. – Memorial issue on the death of Stalin: Missing pages 15-18. Includes: Supplement: New Facts on U.S. Germ Warfare in Korea and China (16 pages) and Supplement: The 1953 State Budget of the P.R.C. (16 pages)

8 – April 16, 1953 40 pages.

15 – August 1, 1953 [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Korean Armistice Agreement and Other Documents, 16 pages.

23 – December 1, 1953 [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Depositions of Nineteen Captured U.S. Airmen on Their Participation in Germ Warfare in Korea, 68 pages.

24 – December 16, 1953 [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Indexes for issues 1-12, and for 13-24 in 1953. 8 pages.

1954

9 – May 1, 1954 42 pages.

10 – May 16, 1954 40 pages.

Supplement: Foreign Minister Chou En-lai’s Statements at the Geneva Convention [Not available]

12 – June 16, 1954 44 pages. [Includes index for first half of 1954.]

14 – July 16, 1954 40 pages.

Supplement: Chou En-lai’s Visit to India and Burma, 8 pages.

23 – December 1, 1954 36 pages.

1955

9 – May 1, 1955 42 pages.

Supplement 1: Resolutions and Appeal of the Conference of Asian Countries, New Delhi, April 10, 1955, 8 pages.

Supplement 2: Disaster Strikes the Tachens — The report of a Red Cross investigation into crimes committed by Chiang Kai-shek’s troops during their withdrawal from the Tachens and other islands, April 7, 1955, 20 pages.

23 – December 1, 1955: [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Documents of the Sixth Plenary Session (Enlarged) of the Seventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, 24 pages.

1956 [None yet available.]

1957

14 – July 16, 1957: [Issue itself not yet available.]

Supplement: Report on the Work of the Government, by Chou En-lai, delivered on June 26, 1957 at the Fourth Session of the First National People’s Congress. 40 pages. 

16 – August 16, 1957 44 pages.

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China Pictorial

China Pictorial

China Pictorial

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China Pictorial

China Pictorial began on July 18, 1950, less than a year after the founding of the People’s Republic of China, and has continued publishing monthly ever since. The magazine has received much attention from Chinese leaders, and Chairman Mao Tse-tung himself wrote the name of the magazine for its masthead in his own calligraphy.

China Pictorial was a companion magazine to the other foreign language publications produced on a regular basis by the Socialist People’s Republic of China, China Reconstructs, Peking Review and Chinese Literature.

(Those issues with no link are copies which haven’t been available to scan. If anyone has these numbers and would be prepared to loan them to be scanned it would be very much appreciated. If the year is not listed then that means no issues at all have been available to scan to date.)

1951

1 – January     

  • The Great Leader of the Chinese People – Chairman Mao Tse-tung
  • Peace must be won
  • Chop off the claws of the aggressor
  • Tibetan life after Liberation
  • National minorities welcome the goodwill mission
  • The National Front against imperialism
  • 100th Anniversary of the Taiping Peasants’ Revolutionary Movement

2 – February 

3 – March 

4 – April      

  • China’s women emancipated
  • Liberating the border regions of China
  • Japan under American Imperialism
  • Harnessing the Huai River
  • China’s largest public library
  • The Minority Peoples of Southwest China

5 – May    

6 – June     

  • One year of the Korean War
  • The peaceful liberation of Tibet
  • The Chinese Young Pioneers
  • New mining methods produce new records
  • Forerunners of a Peoples’ Athletics

7 – July 

8 – August   

  • 24th Anniversary of the Chinese People’s Army
  • The Heroism of the Chinese People’s Volunteers – in Korea

9 – September    

  • American sabotage of Armistice Talks – in Korea
  • The Huai River Battle
  • Peasants repair ancient irrigation system
  • Students on summer vacation train for their future
  • The Long March – a new opera

10 – October    

  • China celebrates National Day
  • The Third World Youth Festival
  • Broadcasting to the people
  • The Summer Palace

11 – November   

  • Selected Works of Mao Tse-Tung
  • First Anniversary of Resist-America and Aid-Korea Movement
  • Government Delegation visits old Revolutionary Bases
  • From poverty to wealth in Inner Mongolia
  • Ancient Art in China
  • ‘How the steel was tempered’ – new theatre from Soviet novel

12 – December    

  • Achievements in railway construction
  • Textiles for the people
  • Workers’ safety improved
  • The wealth of South China
  • Fisheries of New China

1952

1 – January      

  • We are one with Chairman Mao
  • They visited Chairman Mao’s native village
  • Fertilisers – a growing industry
  • Science comes to agriculture
  • Early morning in the capital
  • Traditional Chinese medical practice undergoes reform

2 – February          

  • Spring Festival
  • Care for the families of the Nation’s Heroes
  • ‘Labour can change the face of the earth’
  • Workers’ initiative raises production
  • Liu Hu-lan

3 – March    

  • Celebration of the Second Anniversary of the Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship, Alliance and Mutual Assistance
  • American germ warfare in Korea and China
  • Happy marriages break through feudal ideas
  • The 29th Anniversary of the ‘February 7 Movement’
  • ‘Let’s fam together’
  • In the battle against illiteracy
  • Liu Lai-ti – a heroine of New China

4 – April  

5 – May  

6 – June  

7 – July  

8 – August 

9 – September  

10 – October  

11 – November  

12 – December  

1959

1 – January      

2 – February          

3 – March    

4 – April  

5 – May  

6 – June     

  • Joint statement of the Chinese and Japanese Communist Parties
  • Article by W. E. B. Du Bois on his recent trip to China
  • The Sino-German Friendship People’s Commune

7 – July  

8 – August 

9 – September  

10 – October  

11 – November  

12 – December  

1968

1 – January 

2 – February          

3 – March

4 – April  

5 – May  

6 – June     

7 – July 

  • Firmly support the Revolutionary Mass Movements arising in France, Europe and North America!
  • Men Ho – good cadre boundlessly loyal to Chairman Mao‘s Revolutionary Line
  • No limit to serving the people

8 – August 

  • The evergreen friendship between the Peoples of China and Tanzania
  • The Red Ninth Company, a model in studying Chairman Mao’s Works
  • Chairman Mao gave her a new life – medical advances enabled the removal of a huge tumour
  • Keeping close ties with the Masses
  • Revolutionary Flame in Africa

9 – September   

10 – October

  • The working class must exercise leadership in everything – Yao Wen-Yuan
  • The road for training engineering and technical personnel indictated by the Shanghai Machine Tools Plant – Report of an investigation
  • A Red Banner in valiantly defending Chairman Mao’s line on army building
  • New herdsmen on the Grasslands
  • Sink roots among the Masses

Suplement – Compass for the Victory of the Revolutionary People of All Countries

11 – November  

12 – December  

1969

1 – January    

  • Marching up the highway of the brilliant ‘May 7’ Directive
  • ‘Barefoot Doctors’ are fine!
  • Such intellectuals are welcomed by the Poor and Lower Middle Peasants
  • Workers mount the stage of designing
  • A Red Banner in water conservation construction
  • A fine example of continuously making Revolution under the Dictatorship of the Proletariat
  • A Heroic People’s Army – The Albanian People’s Army

Supplement: China succcessfuly conducts new hydrogen bomb test    

2 – February          

3 – March    

4 – April

  • Greet the Party’s Ninth National Congress with outstanding achievements!
  • A good example for Tientsin workers
  • Co-operative medical service is fine!
  • Nine poor peasant families run their own school for 19 years
  • To the vast countryside
  • New storm in the Japanese People’s Struggle

5 – May

  • Win new victories of the industrial front
  • The Chinese Government lodges strongest protest with the Soviet Government – over incursions in the area of Chenpao Island
  • Down with the New Tsars!
  • Chenpao Island has always been Chinese territory
  • A ‘PLA Tachai‘ marches ahead

6 – June

7 – July  

8 – August 

9 – September  

10 – October  

11 – November  

12 – December

  • Celebration of the 20th Anniversary of the Founding of the People’s Republic of China
  • Advance along the rod pointed out by the Kutien Conference

China Pictorial 1969 Index

Poster of Chairman MaoTse-tung

1970

1 – January

  • Revolutionary Emulation under Socialism
  • The bitter fight of the Hsiaohsiang People
  • Heroic Paratroopers
  • Peasant-College Student-Peasant
  • A fine school for the Re-education of Cadres
  • Forward on the road of integrating with the Workers and Peasants

Supplement: Grand Celebration of the 25th Anniversary of the Liberation of Albania

2 – February          

3 – March

4 – April  

5 – May  

6 – June     

7 – July  

8 – August 

9 – September   

10 – October  

11 – November  

12 – December  

1971

1 – January    

2 – February          

3 – March

  • Centenary of the Paris Commune (1871-1971)
  • Ten Years of Splendid Victories – Celebrating the 10th Anniversary of the Founding of the South Vietnam national Front for Liberation
  • Participate in production while studying
  • Educated young people in the countryside
  • Women bridge builders
  • A Heroic People – of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam

4 – April  

5 – May  

6 – June     

7 – July  

8 – August 

9 – September   

  • Taching – Red Banner on the industrial front
  • Women well operators
  • In industry, learn from Taching
  • On the Yellow Sea coast
  • The Korean People forge ahead
  • The Cambodian People are bound to win
  • The idea of serving the people
  • Bulward of continuing the Revolution

10 – October  

11 – November  

12 – December  

1972

1 – January    

2 – February  

  • Gala meeting of table tennis players from Asia and Africa
  • Delegation of the People’s Republic of China at United Nations
  • China’s 1971 Autumn Exports Commodities Fair
  • Militant Art, Revolutionary Friendship

3 – March    

4 – April  

5 – May   

  • Paean to Proletarian Internationalism – Modern Revolutionary Peking Opera ‘On the Docks’
  • Edgar Snow, friend of the Chinese People
  • New works of art
  • Cultural team on the plateau
  • PLA topographic unit on the ‘Roof of the world’
  • Profound frienship between Army and People
  • Serve the people better
  • Heroic Albania

Supplement: The Red Lantern Opera (Selected Songs)   

6 – June     

7 – July  

8 – August 

9 – September   

10 – October  

11 – November  

12 – December  

1973

1 – January    

2 – February          

3 – March    

4 – April  

5 – May  

6 – June      

  • Young steel workers trained
  • Work on the Yellow River must be done well
  • A tour of the source of the Yellow River
  • After the earthquake – in Tibet
  • Chinese acrobatic troups abroad
  • The PLA practices its traditional industry and thrift

Supplement: Samdech Sihanouk’s Inspection Tour of the Cambodian Liberated Zone

7 – July    

  • Celebrating ‘May First’, International Labour Day
  • Lunghai – a county of high yield in grain
  • How Hualin Brigade learnt from Tachai
  • New pictures of the ‘Great Northern Wilderness’
  • Changes in the Yellow River-Huangshui River Valley

8 – August 

9 – September   

10 – October  

11 – November  

12 – December  

1974

1 – January   

  • Secretary of State Kissinger in Peking
  • Azalea Mountain – a Modern Revolutionary Peking Opera
  • Young People in a mountain region
  • The ‘Roebuck’ – an advanced fishing Commune
  • Pearls on the Yellow River
  • The People’s Police
  • A survey of the Takla Makan Desert
  • A theatrical troup from the countryside

2 – February          

3 – March    

  • Record harvests in China
  • This factory relies on its workers
  • College students of a new type
  • Three noted Yellow River cities
  • Free of floods

4 – April  

5 – May  

6 – June      

7 – July   

  • New successes in Revolution and Production
  • We love Tien An Men
  • Shanghai’s history is created by the labouring masses
  • A prosperous Socialist rural scene
  • Jubilant North Tibet Grassland

8 – August 

9 – September   

10 – October  

11 – November  

12 – December  

1975

1 – January   

2 – February          

3 – March    

4 – April  

5 – May    

  • Peking’s market
  • Armymen and civilians
  • Working hard for Socialism
  • Urban militia of Shanghai
  • Changes along the Tatu
  • The Revolutionary Committee of our county

6 – June      

7 – July   

8 – August 

9 – September   

10 – October  

11 – November  

12 – December

1976

To date we only have access to one issue in English of China Pictorial for 1976. However, four numbers for the year are available in Chinese and are included here for non-Chinese speakers for the images.

1 – January   In Chinese

2 – February          

3 – March    

4 – April  In Chinese

5 – May   In Chinese

6 – June      

7 – July  In Chinese

8 – August 

9 – September   

10 – October  

11 – November

An issue entirely devoted to Chairman Mao but merely two months after his death the revisionist and ‘capitalist-roaders’ within the Party were already ‘re-writing’ history. The ’empty’ spaces in the picture on page 12, for example, are the erased comrades of the so-called ‘Gang of Four‘. However, this issue does contain many good picture of Comrade Mao.

  • Eternal Glory to the Great Leader and Great Teacher Mao Tse-tung  

12 – December

1977

1 – January

This number of China Pictorial was emtirely devoted to commemorating the life of Chou En-lai, on the first anniversary of his death. Chou was one of those who seemed to function as a ‘Fifth Columnist’ within the Party leadership, never being denounced as a supporter of the ‘capitalist-roaders’ but almost certainly following their line, especially in his later years. Considered as an enemy of the Revolution by those who were later branded as the ‘Gang of Four‘ by the revisionist after their coup in taking control of the Party after the death of Chairman Mao.

  • In deep memory of esteemed and beloved Premier Chou En-lai

2 – February          

3 – March    

4 – April  

5 – May    

6 – June      

7 – July   

8 – August 

9 – September    

  • The Chairman Mao Memorial Hall Successfully Completed
  • Learning from Taching Persistently
  • Through the uninhabited Qangtang region
  • The Three Gorges
  • Botswana marches on

10 – October  

11 – November   

12 – December

Below are a few examples of how China Pictorial has been transformed into a shallow and meaningless magazine more interested in consumerism than any achivements of the Chinese people. Such is the legacy of capitalism which now totally dominates Chinese society.

1985

1 – January

2006

12 – December

2013

2 – February

2019

8 – August

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