Moscow Metro – Teatralnaya – Line 2

Teatralnaya - Line 2 - A Savin

Teatralnaya – Line 2 – A Savin

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Moscow Metro – a Socialist Realist Art Gallery

Moscow Metro – Teatralnaya – Line 2

Teatralnaya - Line 2 - 01

Teatralnaya – Line 2 – 01

Teatralnaya (Russian: Театра́льная, English: Theater) is an underground metro station on the Zamoskvoretskaya line of the Moscow Metro, named for the nearby Teatralnaya Square, the location of numerous theatres, including the famed Bolshoi Theatre. The station is unique in that it does not have its own entrance halls. The north escalator leads to Okhotniy Ryad and the south escalator to Ploshchad Revolyutsii.

Teatralnaya - Line 2 - 04

Teatralnaya – Line 2 – 04

History

Ploshchad Sverdlova station opened on September 11, 1938, as part of the second stage of construction of the Moscow Metro system. It was the terminal station of the Zamoskvoretskaya line until the line was extended on January 1, 1943. Teatralnaya’s architect was Ivan Fomin. The station is located at a depth of 33.9 meters (111 feet). The central hall has a diameter of 9.5 meters (31 feet), with an 8.5 meters (28 feet) lateral lining of cast-iron tubing.

From its opening until 1990, the station’s name was Ploshchad Sverdlova, which was named in honour of the prominent Bolshevik, Yakov Sverdlov. In 1990, the city changed the name of the square to Teatralnaya Ploshchad. The name of the station followed accordingly.

Teatralnaya - Line 2 - 03

Teatralnaya – Line 2 – 03

Decoration

Teatralnaya Station has fluted pylons faced with labradorite and white marble taken from the demolished Cathedral of Christ the Saviour. Crystal lamps in bronze frames attached to the centre of the room give the central hall a festive appearance. The vault of the central hall is decorated with caissons and majolica bas-reliefs by Natyla Danko on the theme of theatre arts of the USSR, manufactured by Leningrad Porcelain Factory. These bas-reliefs are a series of fourteen different figures, each representing music and dance from various nationalities of the Soviet Union. Seven male and seven female figures attired in their national costumes are either performing an ethnic dance or are playing a distinctively ethnic musical instrument. The series included Armenia, Byelorussia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. Each figure is reproduced four times for a total of 56 figures. Initially, the floor was of black-and-yellow granite patterned as a chessboard; however in 1970, the yellow panels were replaced with gray.

Teatralnaya - Line 2 - 02

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A bust of Yakov Sverdlov, for whom the station was originally named, was located at the end of the platform opposite the escalators. Only the base remains today. A bust of Vladimir Lenin was however, preserved.

Text from Wikipedia.

Location:

Tverskoy District, Central Administrative Okrug

GPS:

55.7578°N

37.6190°E

Depth:

33.9 metres (111ft)

Opened:

11 September 1938

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Moscow Metro – a Socialist Realist Art Gallery

Moscow Metro – Taganskaya – Line 5

Taganskaya - Line 5 - Antares 610

Taganskaya – Line 5 – Antares 610

More on the USSR

Moscow Metro – a Socialist Realist Art Gallery

Moscow Metro – Taganskaya – Line 5

Taganskaya - Line 5 - 02

Taganskaya – Line 5 – 02

Taganskaya (Russian: Тага́нская) is a station on the Koltsevaya line of the Moscow Metro. It opened on 1 January 1950 with the first segment of the fourth stage of the system. The station is named after the Taganka Square which is a major junction of the Sadovoye Koltso.

Taganskaya - Line 5 - 06

Taganskaya – Line 5 – 06

Designed by architects K. Ryzhkov and A. Medvedev, this pylon station was built with the post-war flamboyance in mind, the overall design is based on the traditional Russian motives in decorations. The central feature of the station are 48 majolica [earthenware] panels located on each face of the pylon. (The work of Ye. Blinova, P. Kozhin, A. Sotnikov, A. Berzhitskaya and Z. Sokolova). These contain apart from floral elements, profile bas-reliefs of various World War II Red Army and Navy servicemen each dedicated to a group such as pilots, tank crews, sailors etc. The colour gamma is balanced in such a way that the panels facing the central hall are on a blue majolica background, whilst the platform hall panels are monochromatic. Lighting comes from a set of 12 gilded chandeliers in the central hall with the same blue majolica centre. The remaining decoration of the station include a cream-coloured ceramic tile on the walls, powder coloured marble on the lower pylons and also on the walls, and a chequerboard floor layout of black and gray granite.

Taganskaya - Line 5 - 03

Taganskaya – Line 5 – 03

The end of the central hall once had a large sculptural group ‘Stalin and youth’, however this was replaced in 1961 by a new artwork of the same authors (P. Baladin and Ye. Blinova) depicting Vladimir Lenin, Coats of arms of the Soviet Republics and images of Hero-Cities Leningrad, Stalingrad, Sevastopol and Odessa. This was also taken down in late 1966 to make way for a transfer to the newly opened Taganskaya of the Zhdanovskaya line. Further transfer was opened in 1979 by adding a stairwell into the middle of the central hall for the new station Marksistskaya of the Kalininskaya line.

Taganskaya - Line 5 - 05

Taganskaya – Line 5 – 05

Because the Taganka Square is located on the hill, in order to conveniently place the large vestibule, and also preserve a nearby heritage building, the escalator descent had to be broken, and an intermediate hall was added by placing a large cylinder and gradually lowering to the required depth. After a dome was added, the interior work on the new lobby began, the walls of which are faced with Altai marble, Oroktoy with Syringa shade, and the pilasters from white marble. The dome contains a large ceiling fresco, Victory Fireworks by A. Shiryaeva.

Taganskaya - Line 5 - 04

Taganskaya – Line 5 – 04

On 18 November 2005 the vestibule was closed for restoration, during which old escalators (installed in 1949) were replaced. All of the decoration features were renovated, and the upgrade included new turnstiles, ticket offices and security upgrade. The station was re-opened on 20 December 2006.

Taganskaya - Line 5 - 01

Taganskaya – Line 5 – 01

It was the deepest station in Moscow Metro from 1950 until 1958.

Text from Wikipedia.

Location:

Tagansky District, Central Administrative Okrug

GPS:

55.7418°N

37.6517°E

Depth:

53 metres (174ft)

Opened:

1 January 1950

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Moscow Metro – a Socialist Realist Art Gallery

Moscow Metro – Oktyabrskaya – Line 5

Oktyabrskaya - Line 5 - by Ludvig14

Oktyabrskaya – Line 5 – by Ludvig14

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Moscow Metro – a Socialist Realist Art Gallery

Moscow Metro – Oktyabrskaya – Line 5

Oktyabrskaya (Октя́брьская) is a station on the Koltsevaya line of the Moscow Metro. Opened on 1 January 1950, Oktyabrskaya was part of the first segment of the fourth stage.

Oktyabrskaya - Line 5 - 01

Oktyabrskaya – Line 5 – 01

Designed by Leonid Polyakov, who took the mid-19th century Neoclassical triumphal Empire style as the basis, incorporated the themes of the 1812 Victory over Napoleon to match the 1945 Soviet victory in the Second World War, applying it to the standard pylon tri-vault design.

Oktyabrskaya - Line 5 - 03

Oktyabrskaya – Line 5 – 03

Both the central and platform vaults are divided by arches which have large medallions which contain bas-reliefs of Soviet Army soldiers surrounded by ornaments. The pylons contain bas-relief centred ventilation grilles which are flanked by two anodized aluminium torches that give the overall golden glow to the bright grey marble that faces them. The station walls are ceramic tiles and are decorated with relief images of gilded wreaths and stars. The end of a central hall contains a miniature triumphal arch with a metallic gate behind which there’s a small room with a blue ceiling, symbolising the time of a peaceful life. The floor of the station is laid with grey and red granite and the perimeter of the central hall is also bordered by a pattern of bright and dark marble.

Oktyabrskaya - Line 5 - 04

Oktyabrskaya – Line 5 – 04

The station has a large vestibule on the Octyabrskaya square (until 1922 – Kaluzhskaya square, named after the city of Kaluga) on the Garden Ring and hence the station’s original name Kaluzhskaya (Калужская), renamed on 6 June 1961 to its present name (though the square’s historic name was restored in 1992). The vestibule, on the exterior, contains large bas-reliefs of trumpeters that are lit by lamps concealed as columns underneath. Inside, the ticket and escalator halls are decorated with casts and bas-reliefs containing battle banners, weapons and figures of the Soviet Army and women symbolizing glory (work by G.Motovilov). In 1989 the stand-alone structure was built in the Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys.

Oktyabrskaya - Line 5 - 02

Oktyabrskaya – Line 5 – 02

In 1962, a set of staircases were added to the central hall for a transfer to the newly opened Oktyabrskaya of the Kaluzhsko–Rizhskaya line.

Text from Wikipedia.

Location:

GPS:

55.7297°N

37.6091°E

Depth:

40 metres (130 ft)

Opened:

1 January 1950

More on the USSR

Moscow Metro – a Socialist Realist Art Gallery