JV Stalin – Collected Works

JV Stalin

JV Stalin

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JV Stalin – Collected Works

Some readers might be surprised to learn that it wasn’t until after the victory of the Soviet Union over the Hitlerite invaders in the Great Patriotic War that a decision was made, by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks) (CPSU(B), to work on publishing the complete writings of the Secretary General of the Party.   

(For information about Stalin’s life, especially as it was represented in the art created in the Soviet Union before the Revisionists and reactionaries were able to gain control of the country, can be seen in the Stalin Museum in Gori.)

Many speeches and articles had appeared soon after they were written as part of the process in which the CPSU(B) sought to make its policies and plans as widely known as possible amongst the population of the Soviet Union. Many of these documents (as were other pamphlets and books produced about developments within first Socialist state) were published in other languages under the task taken upon itself by the Foreign Languages Publishing House in Moscow. At no other time in the past, or since, has a nation attempted to tell the world about what it was hoping to achieve in such a systematic manner. 

The writings of JV Stalin were part of this process but even after the decision in 1946 to collate all of his works in a chronological manner the task wasn’t rushed through. The plan to publish a total of 16 volumes was completed in the various languages of the Soviet Union but the publication of the English version was stopped after Volume 13 saw the light of day in 1955. This move by the Khruschevite Revisionists, in preparation for their denial of revolutionary Marxism-Leninism – which came out in the open at the 20th Party Congress in 1956 – was an attempt to deny a wider dissemination of the thoughts and ideas of the great, though flawed, Marxist-Leninist leader, the most preeminent in the International Communist Movement at the time.

At least when it came to the works of JV Stalin there was a Russian version which could be translated into other languages for the benefit of Communists throughout the world. The task of Marxist-Leninist-Maoists to compile an accurate and comprehensive collection of the later writings of Chairman Mao Tse-tung was made more difficult, after his death in 1976, by the rapid pace with which the ‘Chinese Revisionists and Capitalist-roaders’ were able to seize the reigns of political and economic power in the country.

This page will (ultimately) contain all the available works of Joseph Stalin whether they be in compilations or published as individual pamphlets, and by a wide variety of groups and publishing houses throughout the world.

The 13 volumes that were published in Moscow by the Foreign Languages Publishing House between 1952 and 1955 have been scanned by the comrades at Marx2Mao – we thank then for their work and effort. These have been scanned in the pdf processed format which results in much smaller sized files but has the potential of introducing typographical errors – it is hoped that any such errors do not crucially effect the contents. Once all the scans have been added to the page there will be the opportunity to compare these volumes with some versions scanned in pdf image format. 

Volume 1 contains an interesting Preface, written by the author, where Comrade Stalin puts his writings in the early period into a personal, development, context as well as explaining the struggles that were going on in the Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party (later to become the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks)). This Preface was written in January 1946 whilst the English edition didn’t appear until some time in 1952. Whether the original, Russian edition contained an Author’s Preface in subsequent volumes I don’t know. What is clear, however, is that what would have been a useful introduction to each volume doesn’t exist in the English edition. 

Also on this site you can find the Works of VI Lenin, Mao Tse-tung and Enver Hoxha.

For more on JV Stalin;

Biographies, Reminiscences and Appraisals

Pamphlets, articles and correspondence

Volume 1

1901-1907

Works Vol 1 - 1901-1907

Works Vol 1 – 1901-1907

 

Contents of Volume 1

Preface to this Edition XI

Preface to Volume One XV

Author’s Preface to Volume One XVII

FROM THE EDITORS 1

THE RUSSIAN SOCIAL-DEMOCRATIC PARTY AND ITS IMMEDIATE TASKS 9

THE SOCIAL-DEMOCRATIC VIEW OF THE NATIONAL QUESTION 31

A LETTER FROM KUTAIS 55

A LETTER FROM KUTAIS (From the Same Comrade) 59

THE PROLETARIAN CLASS AND THE PROLETARIAN PARTY (Concerning Paragraph One of the Party Rules) 63

WORKERS OF THE CAUCASUS, IT IS TIME TO TAKE REVENGE! 75

LONG LIVE INTERNATIONAL FRATERNITY! 82

TO CITIZENS. LONG LIVE THE RED FLAG! 85

BRIEFLY ABOUT THE DISAGREEMENTS IN THE PARTY 90

ARMED INSURRECTION AND OUR TACTICS 133

THE PROVISIONAL REVOLUTIONARY GOVERNMENT AND SOCIAL-DEMOCRACY 140

A REPLY TO SOCIAL-DEMOCRAT 162

REACTION IS GROWING 175

THE BOURGEOISIE IS LAYING A TRAP 181

CITIZENS! 187

TO ALL THE WORKERS 191

TIFLIS, NOVEMBER 20, 1905 195

TWO CLASHES (Concerning January 9) 198

THE STATE DUMA AND THE TACTICS OF SOCIALDEMOCRACY 208

THE AGRARIAN QUESTION 216

CONCERNING THE AGRARIAN QUESTION 232

CONCERNING THE REVISION OF THE AGRARIAN PROGRAMME (Speech Delivered at the Seventh Sitting of the Fourth Congress of the R.S.D.L.P., April 13 (26), 1906) 238

ON THE PRESENT SITUATION (Speech Delivered at the Fifteenth Sitting of the Fourth Congress of the R.S.D.L.P., April 17 (30), 1906) 241

MARX AND ENGELS ON INSURRECTION 243

INTERNATIONAL COUNTER-REVOLUTION 249

THE PRESENT SITUATION AND THE UNITY CONGRESS OF THE WORKERS’ PARTY 252

THE CLASS STRUGGLE 280

“FACTORY LEGISLATION” AND THE PROLETARIAN STRUGGLE (Concerning the Two Laws of November 15) 289

ANARCHISM OR SOCIALISM? 297

  • I The Dialectical Method 300
  • II The Materialist Theory 313
  • III Proletarian Socialism 331

Appendix 373

Anarchism or Socialism?

  • Dialectical Materialism

Notes 392

Biographical Chronicle (1879-1906) 415

Volume 2

1907-1913

Works Vol 2 - 1907-1913

Works Vol 2 – 1907-1913

 

Contents of Volume 2

Preface XI

1907

PREFACE TO THE GEORGIAN EDITION OF K. KAUTSKY’S PAMPHLET THE DRIVING FORCES AND PROSPECTS OF THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION 1

THE ELECTION CAMPAIGN IN ST. PETERSBURG AND THE MENSHEVIKS 14

THE AUTOCRACY OF THE CADETS OR THE SOVEREIGNTY OF THE PEOPLE? 21

THE PROLETARIAT IS FIGHTING, THE BOURGEOISIE IS CONCLUDING AN ALLIANCE WITH THE GOVERNMENT 23

COMRADE G. TELIA. In Memoriam 28

THE ADVANCED PROLETARIAT AND THE FIFTH PARTY CONGRESS 33

MUDDLE 36

OUR CAUCASIAN CLOWNS 39

THE DISPERSION OF THE DUMA AND THE TASKS OF THE PROLETARIAT 42

THE LONDON CONGRESS OF THE RUSSIAN SOCIALDEMOCRATIC LABOUR PARTY (Notes of a Delegate) 47

  • I. The Composition of the Congress 49
  • II. The Agenda. Report of the Central Committee Report of the Group in the Duma 53
  • III. The Non-Proletarian Parties 61
  • IV. The Labour Congress 70

MANDATE TO THE SOCIAL-DEMOCRATIC DEPUTIES IN THE THIRD STATE DUMA, Adopted at a Meeting of the Delegates of the Workers’ Curia in the City of Baku, September 22, 1907 81

BOYCOTT THE CONFERENCE! 84

1908

BEFORE THE ELECTIONS 90

MORE ABOUT A CONFERENCE WITH GUARANTEES 95

WHAT DO OUR RECENT STRIKES TELL US? 101

THE CHANGE IN THE OIL OWNERS’ TACTICS 105

WE MUST PREPARE! 110

ECONOMIC TERRORISM AND THE LABOUR MOVEMENT 113

THE OIL OWNERS ON ECONOMIC TERRORISM 117

THE PRESS 132

  • Flunkey “Socialists” 132
  • Hypocritical Zubatovites 134

THE CONFERENCE AND THE WORKERS 138

1909

THE PARTY CRISIS AND OUR TASKS 150

THE FORTHCOMING GENERAL STRIKE 163

PARTY NEWS 169

  • Resolution of the Baku Committee on the Disagreements on the Enlarged Editorial Board of Proletary 170

THE DECEMBER STRIKE AND THE DECEMBER AGREEMENT (On the Occasion of the Fifth Anniversary) 174

1910

LETTERS FROM THE CAUCASUS 179

  • I. Baku 179
  • The Situation in the Oil Industry 179
  • Local Government in the Oil Fields 182
  • The State of the Organisation 186
  • “Legal Possibilities” 188
  • II. Tiflis 193
  • Programmatic Liquidationism 194
  • Tactical Liquidationism 198

RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE BAKU COMMITTEE ON JANUARY 22, 1910 (For the Forthcoming General Party Conference) 202

  • I. Political Agitation and the Actual Consolidation of the Party 202
  • II. Representation at the Forthcoming General Party Conference 204

AUGUST BEBEL, LEADER OF THE GERMAN WORKERS 206

A LETTER TO THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE PARTY FROM EXILE IN SOLVYCHEGODSK 215

1912

FOR THE PARTY! 219

LONG LIVE THE FIRST OF MAY! 225

A NEW PERIOD 231

LIBERAL HYPOCRITES 233

NON-PARTY SIMPLETONS 235

LIFE TRIUMPHS! 238

THEY ARE WORKING WELL 241

THE ICE HAS BROKEN! 244

HOW THEY ARE PREPARING FOR THE ELECTIONS 246

DEDUCTIONS 250

OUR AIMS 255

MANDATE OF THE ST. PETERSBURG WORKERS TO THEIR LABOUR DEPUTY 257

THE WILL OF THE VOTERS’ DELEGATES 260

THE RESULTS OF THE ELECTIONS IN THE WORKERS’ CURIA OF ST. PETERSBURG 263

  • 1. The Election of the Voters’ Delegates 263
  • 2. The Election of Electors 264
  • 3. Two Unities 265
  • 4. The Election of the Duma Deputy 267

TODAY IS ELECTION DAY 269

1913

TO ALL THE WORKING MEN AND WORKING WOMEN OF RUSSIA! January 9 273

THE ELECTIONS IN ST. PETERSBURG (A Letter From St. Petersburg) 279

  • I. The Workers’ Curia 280
  • 1. The Fight for Elections 280
  • 2. The Deputy’s Mandate 282
  • 3. Unity as a Mask, and the Election of the Duma Deputy 285
  • II. The City Curia 289
  • III. Summary 292

ON THE ROAD TO NATIONALISM (A Letter From the Caucasus) 295

MARXISM AND THE NATIONAL QUESTION 300

  • I. The Nation 303
  • II. The National Movement 313
  • III. Presentation of the Question 323
  • IV. Cultural-National Autonomy 331
  • V. The Bund, Its Nationalism, Its Separatism 344
  • VI. The Caucasians, the Conference of the Liquidators 359
  • VII. The National Question in Russia 373

THE SITUATION IN THE SOCIAL-DEMOCRATIC GROUP IN THE DUMA 382

THE ANNIVERSARY OF THE LENA MASSACRE 387

Notes 391

Biographical Chronicle (1907 to March 1917) 422

Volume 3

1917 March-October

Works Vol 3 - 1917 March-October

Works Vol 3 – 1917 March-October

 

Contents of Volume 3

1917

Preface XIII

THE SOVIETS OF WORKERS’ AND SOLDIERS’ DEPUTIES 1

THE WAR 4

BIDDING FOR MINISTERIAL PORTFOLIOS 10

CONDITIONS FOR THE VICTORY OF THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION 12

ABOLITION OF NATIONAL DISABILITIES 17

EITHER—OR 22

AGAINST FEDERALISM 25

TWO RESOLUTIONS 34

THE LAND TO THE PEASANTS 36

MAY DAY 39

THE PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT (Speech Delivered at a Meeting in Vasilyevsky Ostrov, April 18 (May 1), 1917 41

THE CONFERENCE IN THE MARIINSKY PALACE 46

THE SEVENTH (APRIL) CONFERENCE OF THE R.S.D.L.P (BOLSHEVIKS), April 24-29, 1917 51

  • 1. Speech in Support of Comrade Lenin’s Resolution on the Current Situation, April 24 51
  • 2. Report on the National Question, April 29 52
  • 3. Reply to the Discussion on the National Question, April 29 58

LAGGING BEHIND THE REVOLUTION 61

WHAT DID WE EXPECT FROM THE CONFERENCE? 67

THE MUNICIPAL ELECTION CAMPAIGN 70

YESTERDAY AND TODAY (Crisis of the Revolution) 84

AGAINST ISOLATED DEMONSTRATIONS 92

RESULTS OF THE PETROGRAD MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS 95

TO ALL THE TOILERS, TO ALL THE WORKERS AND SOLDIERS OF PETROGRAD 101

AT THE DEMONSTRATION 105

CLOSE THE RANKS! 110

SPEECHES DELIVERED AT AN EMERGENCY CONFERENCE OF THE PETROGRAD ORGANIZATION OF THE R.S.D.L.P. (BOLSHEVIKS), July 16-20, 1917 114

  • 1. Report of the Central Committee on the July Events, July 16 114
  • 2. Report on the Current Situation, July 16 121
  • 3. Replies to Written Questions, July 16 129
  • 4. Reply to the Discussion, July 16 131

WHAT HAS HAPPENED? 134

VICTORY OF THE COUNTER-REVOLUTION 138

THE VICTORY OF THE CADETS 142

TO ALL THE TOILERS, TO ALL THE WORKERS AND SOLDIERS OF PETROGRAD 145

TWO CONFERENCES 153

THE NEW GOVERNMENT 155

THE CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY ELECTIONS 158

SPEECHES DELIVERED AT THE SIXTH CONGRESS OF THE R.S.D.L.P. (BOLSHEVIKS), July 26-August 3, 1917 166

  • l. Report of the Central Committee, July 27 166
  • 2. Reply to the Discussion, July 27 179
  • 3. Report on the Political Situation, July 30 182
  • 4. Replies to Questions in Connection With the Report on the Political Situation, July 31 190
  • 5. Reply to the Discussion, July 31 195
  • 6. Reply to Preobrazhensky on Clause 9 of the Resolution “On the Political Situation,” August 3 199

WHAT DO THE CAPITALISTS WANT? 204

AGAINST THE MOSCOW CONFERENCE 207

MORE ON THE SUBJECT OF STOCKHOLM 211

WHITHER THE MOSCOW CONFERENCE? 215

COUNTER-REVOLUTION AND THE PEOPLES OF RUSSIA 221

TWO COURSES 226

OUTCOME OF THE MOSCOW CONFERENCE 231

THE TRUTH ABOUT OUR DEFEAT AT THE FRONT 234

THE CAUSES OF THE JULY DEFEAT AT THE FRONT 238

WHO REALLY IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE DEFEAT AT THE FRONT? 245

AMERICAN BILLIONS 250

THIS IS ELECTION DAY 254

A PERIOD OF PROVOCATION 260

DIVISION OF LABOUR IN THE “SOCIALIST-REVOLUTIONARY” PARTY 263

YELLOW ALLIANCE 267

EITHER—OR 271

WE DEMAND! 277

THE CONSPIRACY CONTINUES 282

AGAINST COMPROMISE WITH THE BOURGEOISIE 287

THE CRISIS AND THE DIRECTORY 289

THEY WILL NOT SWERVE FROM THEIR PATH 293

THE BREAK WITH THE CADETS 296

THE SECOND WAVE 301

FOREIGNERS AND THE KORNILOV CONSPIRACY 308

THE DEMOCRATIC CONFERENCE 311

TWO LINES 316

ALL POWER TO THE SOVIETS! 320

THE REVOLUTIONARY FRONT 323

FORGING CHAINS 328

A GOVERNMENT OF BOURGEOIS DICTATORSHIP 332

COMMENTS 336

  • The Railway Strike and the Democratic Bankrupts 336
  • The Russian Peasants and the Party of Numskulls 338

CAMPAIGN AGAINST THE WORKERS 340

YOU WILL WAIT IN VAIN! 343

COMMENTS 347

  • The Party of “Indeterminates” and the Russian Soldiers 347
  • Conspirators in Power 349

A PAPER COALITION 351

COMMENTS 354

  • Starvation in the Countryside 354
  • Starvation in the Factories 355

SELF-CHASTISEMENT 358

THE PLOT AGAINST THE REVOLUTION 361

WHO IS TORPEDOING THE CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY? 383

THE COUNTER-REVOLUTION IS MOBILIZING—PREPARE TO RESIST! 386

WHO NEEDS THE PRE-PARLIAMENT? 389

SOVIET POWER 392

A STUDY IN BRAZENNESS 397

BLACKLEGS OF THE REVOLUTION 401

SPEECH AT A MEETING OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE, October 16, 1917 407

“STRONG BULLS OF BASHAN HAVE BESET ME ROUND” 409

WHAT DO WE NEED? 414

Notes 418

Biographical Chronicle (March-October 1917) 440

Volume 4

November 1917-1920

Works Vol 4 - November 1917-1920

Works Vol 4 – November 1917-1920

 

Contents of Volume 4

Preface XVII

1917

SPEECH DELIVERED AT THE CONGRESS OF THE FINNISH SOCIAL-DEMOCRATIC LABOUR PARTY, HELSINGFORS, November 14, 1917 1

REPLY TO UKRAINIAN COMRADES IN THE REAR AND AT THE FRONT 8

THE UKRAINIAN RADA. Speech Delivered in the All-Russian Central Executive Committee, December 14, 1917 16

WHAT IS THE UKRAINIAN RADA? 20

THE INDEPENDENCE OF FINLAND. Speech Delivered in the All-Russian Central Executive Committee, December 22, 1917 (Newspaper Report) 23

“TURKISH ARMENIA” 26

1918

SPEECH AT THE MEETING OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE R.S.D.L.P.(B.) ON THE QUESTION OF PEACE WITH THE GERMANS, January 11, 1918 (Summary Record in the Minutes) 28

THE KIEV BOURGEOIS RADA 29

SPEECHES DELIVERED AT THE THIRD ALL-RUSSIAN CONGRESS OF SOVIETS OF WORKERS’, SOLDIERS’ AND PEASANTS’ DEPUTIES, January 10-18, 1918 31

  • 1. Report on the National Question, January 15 (Newspaper report) 31
  • 2. Draft Resolution on the Federal Institutions of the Russian Republic 33
  • 3. Reply to the Discussion on the Report on the National Question, January 15 (Newspaper Report) 34

TELEPHONE MESSAGE TO THE PETROGRAD COMMITTEE, R.S.D.L.P.(B.), February 21, 1918 39

TELEGRAM TO THE PEOPLE’S SECRETARIAT, UKRAINIAN SOVIET REPUBLIC, February 21, 1918 40

NOTE SENT BY DIRECT WIRE TO THE PEOPLE’S SECRETARIAT, UKRAINIAN SOVIET REPUBLIC, February 24, 1918 42

THE UKRAINIAN KNOT 46

A TATAR-BASHKIR SOVIET REPUBLIC 50

TRANSCAUCASIAN COUNTER-REVOLUTIONARIES UNDER A SOCIALIST MASK 52

ORGANIZATION OF A RUSSIAN FEDERAL REPUBLIC. Pravda Interview 68

  • Bourgeois-Democratic Federations 68
  • How the Russian Federation Now in Process of Formation Differs From Them 69
  • Structural Principles of the Russian Federation 70
  • Composition of the Russian Federal Republic 71
  • Rights of Federating Regions. Rights of National Minorities 72
  • Structure of the Central Authority 72
  • The Executive Organ of Power 73
  • Transitional Function of Federalism 74
  • Shaping the Political Structure of the Russian Federation. Federalism in Russia—a Transitional Step to Socialist Unitarism 75

ONE IMMEDIATE TASK 76

GENERAL PROVISIONS OF THE CONSTITUTION OF THE RUSSIAN SOCIALIST FEDERATIVE SOVIET REPUBLIC. Draft Approved by the Commission Appointed by the All-Russian C.E.C. for Drafting the Constitution of the Soviet Republic 81

TELEGRAM TO THE FIFTH CONGRESS OF SOVIETS OF THE TURKESTAN REGION, April 22, 1918 83

THE PEACE NEGOTIATIONS WITH THE UKRAINE. Izvestia Interview 84

  • Conclusion of an Armistice 84
  • Subsequent Negotiations 84
  • Effect of the Coup d’État in the Ukraine 85
  • Causes of the Coup d’État 86

SPEECHES DELIVERED AT A CONFERENCE ON THE CONVENING OF A CONSTITUENT CONGRESS OF SOVIETS OF THE TATAR-BASHKIR SOVIET REPUBLIC, May 10-16, 1918 87

  • 1. Speech at the Opening of the Conference, May 10 87
  • 2. Speech at the Closing of the Conference, May 16 93

ANOTHER LIE 95

THE SITUATION IN THE CAUCASUS 96

  • I. Transcaucasia 96
  • II. The North Caucasus 98

CONCERNING THE SITUATION IN THE CAUCASUS From the People’s Commissariat for the Affairs of Nationalities 102

THE DON AND THE NORTH CAUCASUS (Machinations and the Facts) 105

TELEGRAM TO V. I. LENIN, June 7, 1918 118

LETTER TO V. I. LENIN, July 7, 1918 120

LETTER TO V. I. LENIN, July 10, 1918 122

LETTER TO V. I. LENIN, August 4, 1918 124

LETTER TO V. I. LENIN, August 31, 1918 129

TELEGRAM TO SVERDLOV, CHAIRMAN OF THE ALLRUSSIAN CENTRAL EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE, August 31, 1918 130

TELEGRAM TO THE COUNCIL OF PEOPLE’S COMMISSARS, September 6, 1918 131

TELEGRAM TO VOROSHILOV, COMMANDER OF THE FRONT, TSARITSYN, September 19, 1918 132

THE SOUTHERN FRONT. Izvestia Interview 133

THE LOGIC OF FACTS (In Reference to the “Theses” of the Central Committee of the Mensheviks) 136

  • I. The October Revolution 136
  • II. The Dictatorship of the Proletariat 139
  • III. Petty-Bourgeois Muddle 142
  • IV. What Next? 145

SPEECH DELIVERED AT A PLENARY MEETING OF THE MOSCOW SOVIET OF WORKERS’, SOLDIERS’ AND PEASANTS’ DEPUTIES ON THE SITUATION ON THE SOUTHERN FRONT, October 29, 1918 (Newspaper Report) 149

THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA. Pravda Interview 151

  • Importance of the Southern Front 151
  • Tsaritsyn the Main Target 152
  • Wherein Lies the Strength of Our Army? 153

THE OCTOBER REVOLUTION (October 24 and 25, 1917, in Petrograd) 155

THE OCTOBER REVOLUTION AND THE NATIONAL QUESTION 158

  • I. The February Revolution and the National Question 158
  • II. The October Revolution and the National Question 161
  • III. The World-Wide Significance of the October Revolution 167

PARTITION WALL 171

DON’T FORGET THE EAST 174

THE UKRAINE IS LIBERATING ITSELF 177

LIGHT FROM THE EAST 181

THINGS ARE MOVING 187

1919

LETTER TO V. I. LENIN FROM THE EASTERN FRONT, January 5, 1919 190

REPORT TO V. I. LENIN 194

SPEECH DELIVERED AT A JOINT MEETING OF PARTY AND SOVIET ORGANIZATIONS IN VYATKA, January 19, 1919 (Record in the Minutes) 200

REPORT TO COMRADE LENIN BY THE COMMISSION OF THE PARTY CENTRAL COMMITTEE AND THE COUNCIL OF DEFENCE ON THE REASONS FOR THE FALL OF PERM IN DECEMBER 1918 202

  • General Picture of the Disaster 202
  • The Third Army and the Reserves 209
  • Conclusions 214
  • Control System of the Army and Instructions of the Centre 215
  • Conclusions 218
  • Insecurity of the Rear and Work of the Party and Soviet Institutions 219
  • Conclusions 223
  • Supply and Evacuation Agencies 224
  • Conclusions 227
  • Total Losses of Materiel and Men 229
  • Measures Taken to Strengthen the Front 230

THE GOVERNMENT’S POLICY ON THE NATIONAL QUESTION 233

TO THE SOVIETS AND THE PARTY ORGANIZATIONS OF TURKESTAN 238

TWO CAMPS 240

OUR TASKS IN THE EAST 245

TWO YEARS 249

IMPERIALISM’S RESERVES 254

EXCERPT FROM A SPEECH ON THE MILITARY QUESTION DELIVERED AT THE EIGHTH CONGRESS OF THE R.C.P.(B.), March 21, 1919 258

THE RE-ORGANIZATION OF STATE CONTROL. Report Delivered at a Meeting of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee, April 9, 1919 (Newspaper Report) 260

THE SHOOTING OF THE TWENTY-SIX BAKU COMRADES BY AGENTS OF BRITISH IMPERIALISM 261

TELEGRAM TO THE INSPECTOR-EXTRAORDINARY OF STATE CONTROL, SHCHIGRY, May 7, 1919 266

NOTE TO V. I. LENIN FROM PETROGRAD BY DIRECT WIRE, May 25, 1919 268

TELEGRAM TO V. I. LENIN, June 16, 1919 271

NOTE TO V. I. LENIN FROM PETROGRAD BY DIRECT WIRE, June 18, 1919 272

THE PETROGRAD FRONT. Pravda Interview 275

  • 1. The Approaches to Petrograd 275
  • 2. The Enemy’s Forces 276
  • 3. The Enemy’s Calculations 277
  • 4. The Situation at the Front 278
  • 5. The Navy 279
  • 6. Summing up 280

LETTER TO V. I. LENIN ABOUT THE SITUATION ON THE WESTERN FRONT, August 11, 1919 282

LETTER TO V. I. LENIN FROM THE SOUTHERN FRONT, October 15, 1919 285

TELEGRAM TO V. I. LENIN, October 25, 1919 289

SPEECH AT THE OPENING OF THE SECOND ALL-RUSSIAN CONGRESS OF COMMUNIST ORGANIZATIONS OF THE PEOPLES OF THE EAST, November 22, 1919 290

GREETINGS TO PETROGRAD FROM THE SOUTHERN FRONT 293

THE MILITARY SITUATION IN THE SOUTH 294

  • I. Abortive Plans of the Entente 294
  • II. Causes of the Defeat of the Counter-revolution 296
  • III. Present Situation on the Southern Front 301

1920

ORDER OF THE DAY TO THE UKRAINIAN LABOUR ARMY, March 7, 1920 304

SPEECHES AT THE FOURTH CONFERENCE OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY (BOLSHEVIKS) OF THE UKRAINE, March 17-23, 1920 306

  • 1. Speech at the Opening of the Conference, March 17 306
  • 2. Report on Economic Policy, March 19 307
  • 3. Reply to the Discussion on the Report on Economic Policy, March 20 314
  • 4. Speech at the Closing of the Conference, March 23 315

LENIN AS THE ORGANIZER AND LEADER OF THE RUSSIAN COMMUNIST PARTY 317

  • I. Lenin as the Organizer of the Russian Communist Party 318
  • II. Lenin as the Leader of the Russian Communist Party 322

SPEECH DELIVERED AT A MEETING CALLED BY THE MOSCOW COMMITTEE, R.C.P.(B.) ON THE OCCASION OF V. I. LENIN’S FIFTIETH BIRTHDAY, April 23, 1920 328

THE ENTENTE’S NEW CAMPAIGN AGAINST RUSSIA 331

  • I. The General Situation 332
  • II. Rear. Striking Area 335
  • III. Prospects 339

THE SITUATION ON THE SOUTH-WESTERN FRONT. Ukrainian ROSTA Interview 341

  • The Break-Through 341
  • Results of the Break-Through 342
  • Fate of the Polish Third Army 343
  • Situation at the Front 344
  • Conclusions 344
  • The Crimean Front 345

TELEGRAM TO V. I. LENIN, June 25,1920 347

THE SITUATION ON THE POLISH FRONT. Pravda Interview 348

  • 1. May-June 348
  • 2. The Zhitomir Break-Through 349
  • 3. Results of the Break-Through 350
  • 4. The Danger From the South 351
  • 5. Remember Wrangel 352

HOW THE RED ARMY IS GREETED. Statement to Krasnoarmeyets 354

TO ALL PARTY ORGANIZATIONS. Draft Letter of the C.C., R.C.P.(B.) 356

CREATION OF FIGHTING RESERVES OF THE REPUBLIC 358

  • 1. Memorandum to the Political Bureau, C.C., R.C.P.(B.), August 25, 1920 358
  • 2. Statement to the Political Bureau, C.C., R.C.P.(B.), August 30, 1920 360

THE POLICY OF THE SOVIET GOVERNMENT ON THE NATIONAL QUESTION IN RUSSIA 363

SPEECH AT THE OPENING OF THE FIRST ALLRUSSIAN CONFERENCE OF RESPONSIBLE PERSONNEL OF THE WORKERS’ AND PEASANTS’ INSPECTION, October 15, 1920 377

AUTHOR’S PREFACE. To a Collection of Articles on the National Question, Published in 1920 383

THE POLITICAL SITUATION OF THE REPUBLIC. Report Delivered at a Regional Conference of Communist Organizations of the Don and the Caucasus, held in Vladikavkaz, October 27, 1920 387

THREE YEARS OF PROLETARIAN DICTATORSHIP Report Delivered at a Celebration Meeting of the Baku Soviet, November 6, 1920 395

  • The First Period 396
  • The Second Period 398
  • The Third Period 400
  • Prospects 402

CONGRESS OF THE PEOPLES OF DAGHESTAN, November 13, 1920 407

  • 1. Declaration on Soviet Autonomy for Daghestan 407
  • 2. Concluding Remarks 411

CONGRESS OF THE PEOPLES OF THE TEREK REGION, November 17, 1920 412

  • 1. Report on Soviet Autonomy for the Terek Region 412
  • 2. Concluding Remarks 417

THE SITUATION IN THE CAUCASUS. Pravda Interview 421

LONG LIVE SOVIET ARMENIA! 426

Notes 429

Biographical Chronicle (1917-1920) 455

Volume 5

1921-1923

Works Vol 5 - 1921-1923

Works Vol 5 – 1921-1923

 

Contents Volume 5

Preface XIII

SPEECH AT THE OPENING OF THE CONFERENCE OF COMMUNISTS OF THE TYURK PEOPLES OF THE R.S.F.S.R., January 1, 1921 (Record in the Minutes) 1

OUR DISAGREEMENTS 4

  • I. Two Methods of Approach to the Mass of the Workers 5
  • II. Conscious Democracy and Forced “Democracy” 8

THE IMMEDIATE TASKS OF THE PARTY IN THE NATIONAL QUESTION. Theses for the Tenth Congress of the R.C.P.(B.) Endorsed by the Central Committee of the Party 16

  • I. The Capitalist System and National Oppression 16
  • II. The Soviet System and National Freedom 20
  • III. The Immediate Tasks of the R.C.P. 24

THE TENTH CONGRESS OF THE R.C.P.(B.), March 8-16, 1921 31

  • 1. Report on the Immediate Tasks of the Party in the National Question, March 10 33
  • 2. Reply to the Discussion, March 10 45

A LETTER TO V. I. LENIN 50

CONCERNING THE PRESENTATION OF THE NATIONAL QUESTION 52

GREETINGS TO THE FIRST CONGRESS OF HIGHLAND WOMEN 61

THE POLITICAL STRATEGY AND TACTICS OF THE RUSSIAN COMMUNISTS. Synopsis of a Pamphlet 63

  • I. Definition of Terms and Subject of Investigation 63
  • II. Historic Turns in the Development of Russia 68
  • III. Questions 74

THE IMMEDIATE TASKS OF COMMUNISM IN GEORGIA AND TRANSCAUCASIA. Report to a General Meeting of the Tiflis Organisation of the Communist Party of Georgia, July 6, 1921 90

THE PARTY BEFORE AND AFTER TAKING POWER 103

THE OCTOBER REVOLUTION AND THE NATIONAL POLICY OF THE RUSSIAN COMMUNISTS 115

THE PROSPECTS 119

1922

TO PRAVDA 130

THE TENTH ANNIVERSARY OF PRAVDA (Reminiscences) 131

  • 1. The Lena Events 131
  • 2. The Foundation of Pravda 132
  • 3. The Organisational Significance of Pravda 134

COMRADE LENIN ON VACATION. NOTES 136

GREETINGS TO PETROGRAD, TO THE SOVIET OF DEPUTIES 140

THE QUESTION OF THE UNION OF THE INDEPENDENT NATIONAL REPUBLICS Interview With a Pravda Correspondent 141

THE UNION OF THE SOVIET REPUBLICS Report Delivered at the Tenth All-Russian Congress of Soviets, December 26, 1922 148

THE FORMATION OF THE UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS Report Delivered at the First Congress of Soviets of the U.S.S.R., December 30, 1922 159

1923

CONCERNING THE QUESTION OF THE STRATEGY AND TACTICS OF THE RUSSIAN COMMUNISTS 163

  • I. Preliminary Concepts 163
  • 1. Two Aspects of the Working-Class Movement 163
  • 2. The Theory and Programme of Marxism 165
  • 3. Strategy 166
  • 4. Tactics 169
  • 5. Forms of Struggle 171
  • 6. Forms of Organisation 172
  • 7. The Slogan. The Directive 174
  • II. The Strategic Plan 176
  • 1. Historic Turns. Strategic Plans 176
  • 2. The First Historic Turn and the Course Towards the Bourgeois-Democratic Revolution in Russia 177
  • 3. The Second Historic Turn and the Course Towards the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in Russia 179
  • 4. The Third Historic Turn and the Course Towards the Proletarian Revolution in Europe 181

NATIONAL FACTORS IN PARTY AND STATE AFFAIRS Theses for the Twelfth Congress of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks), Approved by the Central Committee of the Party 184

  • I 184
  • II 194

THE TWELFTH CONGRESS OF THE R.C.P.(B.), April 17-25, 1923 197

  • 1. The Organisational Report of the Central Committee of the R.C.P.(B.), April 17 199
  • 2. Reply to the Discussion on the Central Committee’s Organisational Report, April 19 227
  • 3. Report on National Factors in Party and State Affairs, April 23 241
  • 4. Reply to the Discussion on the Report on National Factors in Party and State Affairs, April 25 269
  • 5. Answer on the Amendments to the Resolution, April 25 281
  • 6. Supplement to the Report of the Commission on the National Question, April 25 284

THE PRESS AS A COLLECTIVE ORGANISER 286

CONFUSION WORSE CONFOUNDED 291

FOURTH CONFERENCE OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE R.C.P.(B.) WITH RESPONSIBLE WORKERS OF THE NATIONAL REPUBLICS AND REGIONS, June 9-12, 1923 297

  • 1. Draft Platform on the National Question for the Fourth Conference, Endorsed by the Political Bureau of the Central Committee 299
  • The General Line on Party Work on the National Question 299
  • Questions Connected With the Institution or a Second Chamber or the Central Executive Committee or the Union and With the Organisation of the People’s Commissariats or the Union or Republics 301
  • Measures for Drawing Working People of the Local Population Into Party and Soviet Affairs 303
  • Measures to Raise the Cultural Level or the Local Population 304
  • Economic Construction in the National Republics and Regions From the Standpoint of the Specific National Features or Their Manner or Life 305
  • Practical Measures for the Organisation of National Military Units 305
  • The Organisation of Party Educational Work 306
  • Selection or Party and Soviet officials With a View to Implementing the Resolution on the National Question Adopted by the Twelfth Congress 307
  • 2. Rights and “Lefts” in the National Republics and Regions. Speech on the First Item of the Conference Agenda: “The Sultan-Galiyev Case,” June 10 308
  • 3. Practical Measures for Implementing the Resolution on the National Question Adopted by the Twelfth Party Congress. Report on the Second Item of the Agenda, June 10 320
  • 4. Reply to the Discussion, June 12 334
  • 5. Reply to Speeches, June 12 347

THE OCTOBER REVOLUTION AND THE QUESTION OF THE MIDDLE STRATA 349

THE FIFTH ANNIVERSARY OF THE FIRST CONGRESS OF WORKING WOMEN AND PEASANT WOMEN 356

SPEECH AT A CELEBRATION MEETING AT THE MILITARY ACADEMY, November 17, 1923 (Brief Newspaper Report) 360

THE PARTY’S TASKS. Report Delivered at an Enlarged Meeting of the Krasnaya Presnya District Committee of the R.C.P.(B.) With Group Organisers, Members of the Debating Society and of the Bureau of the Party Units, December 2, 1923 362

  • Discussion—a Sign of the Party’s Strength 362
  • Causes of the Discussion 364
  • Defects in Internal Party Life 365
  • The Causes of the Defects 368
  • How Should the Defects in Internal Party Life Be Removed? 371

THE DISCUSSION, RAFAIL, THE ARTICLES BY PREOBRAZHENSKY AND SAPRONOV, AND TROTSKY’S LETTER 380

  • The Discussion 380
  • Rafail 384
  • Preobrazhensky’s Article 387
  • Sapronov’s Article 390
  • Trotsky’s Letter 393

A NECESSARY COMMENT (Concerning Rafail) 398

GREETINGS TO THE NEWSPAPER COMMUNIST 402

Appendices

Appendix 1. Declaration on the Formation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics 403

Appendix 2. Treaty on the Formation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics 405

Notes 411

Biographical Chronicle (1921-1923) 432

Volume 6

1924

Works Vol 6 - 1924

Works Vol 6 – 1924

 

Contents in Volume 6

Preface XIII

THE DISCUSSION. Interview With a Rosta Correspondent, January 9, 1924 1

THIRTEENTH CONFERENCE OF THE R.C.P.(B.), January 16-18, 1924 3

  • 1. Report on Immediate Tasks in Party Affairs, January 17 5
  • 2. Reply to the Discussion, January 18 27

ON THE DEATH OF LENIN. A Speech Delivered at the Second All-Union Congress of Soviets, January 26, 1924 47

LENIN. A Speech Delivered at a Memorial Meeting of the Kremlin Military School, January 28, 1924 54

  • The Mountain Eagle 54
  • Modesty 56
  • Force of Logic 57
  • No Whining 57
  • No Boasting 58
  • Fidelity to Principle 59
  • Faith in the Masses 62
  • The Genius of Revolution 63

ON THE CONTRADICTIONS IN THE YOUNG COMMUNIST LEAGUE. Speech at the C.C., R.C.P.(B.) Conference on Work Among the Youth, April 3, 1924 67

THE FOUNDATIONS OF LENINISM. Lectures Delivered at the Sverdlov University 71

  • I. The Historical Roots of Leninism 74
  • II. Method 82
  • III. Theory 91
  • IV. The Dictatorship of the Proletariat 111
  • V. The Peasant Question 126
  • VI. The National Question 143
  • VII. Strategy and Tactics 155
  • VIII. The Party 175
  • IX. Style in Work 193

THIRTEENTH CONGRESS OF THE R.C.P.(B.), May 23-31, 1924 197

Organisational Report of the Central Committee, May 24 199

  • 1. The Mass Organisations That Link the Party With the Class 200
  • 2. The State Apparatus 206
  • 3. The Composition of the Party. The Lenin Enrolment 210
  • 4. The composition of Leading Party Bodies, Cadres and the Younger Party Element 212
  • 5. The Work of the Party in the Sphere or Agitation and Propaganda 215
  • 6. The Work of the Party in the Registration, Allocation and Promotion of Forces 218
  • 7. Inner-Party Life 218
  • 8. Conclusions 221

Reply to the Discussion, May 27 231

THE RESULTS OF THE THIRTEENTH CONGRESS OF THE R.C.P.(B.). Report Delivered at the C.C., R.C.P.(B.) Courses for Secretaries of Uyezd Party Committees, June 17, 1924 246

  • Foreign Affairs 247
  • Questions of the Bond Between Town and Country 252
  • Questions of the Education and Re-education of the Working Masses 260
  • The Party 265
  • The Tasks of Party Workers in the Uyezds 272

WORKER CORRESPONDENTS. Interview With a Representative of the Magazine “Rabochy Korrespondent” 274

THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF POLAND. Speech Delivered at a Meeting of the Polish Commission of the Comintern, July 3, 1924 276

A LETTER TO COMRADE DEMYAN BEDNY. July 15, 1924 285

Y. M. SVERDLOV 289

CONCERNING THE INTERNATIONAL SITUATION 292

  • 1. The Period of Bourgeois-Democratic “Pacifism” 292
  • 2. The Intervention of America in European Affairs and the Entente’s London Agreement on Reparations 298
  • 3. Strengthening of the Revolutionary Elements in the European Labour Movement. Growth of the International Popularity of the Soviet Union 304

THE PARTY’S IMMEDIATE TASKS IN THE COUNTRYSIDE Speech Delivered at a Conference of Secretaries of Rural Party Units, Called by the Central Committee of the R.C.P.(B.), October 22, 1924 315

  • Defects in the Reports From the Localities 315
  • The Party’s Chief Defect—the Weakness of Party Work in the Countryside 317
  • Wherein Lies the Strength of Our Party in the Towns? 317
  • Wherein Lies the Weakness of Our Work in the Countryside? 318
  • The Chief Task Is to Create a Peasant Active Around the Party 319
  • The Soviets Must Be Revitalised 319
  • The Approach to the Peasantry Must Be Changed 320
  • The Lessons of the Revolt in Georgia 321
  • A Tactful Approach to the Peasantry Is Needed 323
  • The Party’s Chief Tasks 324
  • Conditions for the Work 324
  • The Chief Thing Is To Maintain Contact With the Millions of Non-Party People 325

THE PARTY’S TASKS IN THE COUNTRYSIDE. Speech Delivered at the Plenum of the Central Committee of the R.C.P.(B.), October 26, 1924 327

ENTRY IN THE RED BOOK OF THE DYNAMO FACTORY, November 7, 1924 335

TO THE FIRST CAVALRY ARMY 336

TO KRESTYANSKAYA GAZETA 337

TROTSKYISM OR LENINISM? Speech Delivered at the Plenum of the Communist Group in the A.U.C.C.T.U., November 19, 1924 338

  • I. The Facts About the October Uprising 338
  • II. The Party and the Preparation for October 346
  • III. Trotskyism or Leninism? 363

THE OCTOBER REVOLUTION AND THE TACTICS OF THE RUSSIAN COMMUNISTS. Preface to the Book “On the Road to October” 374

  • I. The External and Internal Setting for the October Revolution 374
  • II. Two Specific Features of the October Revolution—or October and Trotsky’s Theory of “Permanent” Revolution 378
  • III. Certain Specific Features of the Tactics of the Bolsheviks During the Period of Preparation for October 398
  • IV. The October Revolution as the Beginning of and the Pre-condition for the World Revolution 414

Notes 421

Biographical Chronicle (1924) 439

Volume 7

1925

Works Vol 7 - 1925

Works Vol 7 – 1925

 

Contents of Volume 7

Preface XIII

WORKING WOMEN AND PEASANT WOMEN, REMEMBER AND CARRY OUT ILYICH’S BEHESTS! 1

TO THE TEACHERS’ CONGRESS 3

THE TASKS OF THE MAGAZINE KRASNAYA MOLODYOZH 4

SPEECH DELIVERED AT A PLENUM OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE AND THE CENTRAL CONTROL COMMISSION OF THE R.C.P.(B.), January 17, 1925 6

SPEECH DELIVERED AT THE PLENUM OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE R.C.P.(B.), January 19, 1925 11

TO RABOCHAYA GAZETA 15

A LETTER TO COMRADE D—OV 16

“DYMOVKA.” Speech Delivered at a Meeting of the Organising Bureau of the Central Committee of the R.C.P.(B.), January 26, 1925 19

CONCERNING THE QUESTION OF THE PROLETARIAT AND THE PEASANTRY. Speech Delivered at the Thirteenth Gubernia Conference of the Moscow Organisation of the R.C.P.(B.), January 27, 1925 25

THE PROSPECTS OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF GERMANY AND THE QUESTION OF BOLSHEVISATION. Interview with Herzog, Member of the C.P.G. 34

A LETTER TO COMRADE ME—RT 42

INTERNATIONAL WOMEN’S DAY 48

THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE R.C.P.(B.) TO THE CENTRAL EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE KUOMINTANG 50

THE INTERNATIONAL SITUATION AND THE TASKS OF THE COMMUNIST PARTIES 51

THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF CZECHOSLOVAKIA Speech Delivered in the Czechoslovak Commission of the E.C.C.I., March 27, 1925 58

CONCERNING THE NATIONAL QUESTION IN YUGOSLAVIA Speech Delivered in the Yugoslav Commission of the E.C.C.I., March 30, 1925 69

THE ACTIVE OF THE YOUNG COMMUNIST LEAGUE IN THE COUNTRYSIDE. Speech Delivered at a Meeting of the Organising Bureau of the Central Committee of the R.C.P.(B.), April 6, 1925 77

TO THE FIRST ALL-UNION CONFERENCE OF PROLETARIAN STUDENTS. A Message 85

THE RESULTS OF THE WORK OF THE FOURTEENTH CONFERENCE OF THE R.C.P.(B.); Report Delivered at a Meeting of the Active of the Moscow Organisation of the R.C.P.(B.), May 9, 1925 90

  • I. The International Situation 91
  • II. The Immediate Tasks of the Communist Parties in the Capitalist Countries 102
  • III. The Immediate Tasks of the Communist Elements in the Colonial and Dependent Countries 107
  • IV. The Fate of Socialism in the Soviet Union 110
  • V. The Party’s Policy in the Countryside 123
  • VI. The Metal Industry 130

THE POLITICAL TASKS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF THE PEOPLES OF THE EAST. Speech Delivered at a Meeting of Students of the Communist University of the Toilers of the East, May 18, 1925 135

  • I. The Tasks of the Communist University of the Toilers of the East in Relation to the Soviet Republics of the East 136
  • II. The Tasks of the Communist University of the Toilers of the East in Relation to the Colonial and Dependent Countries of the East 146

TO ALL THE MEMBERS OF THE EDITORIAL BOARD OF KOMSOMOLSKAYA PRAVDA 155

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS. Speech Delivered at the Sverdlov University, June 9, 158

TO THE SVERDLOV UNIVERSITY. On the Occasion of the Second Graduation of Students of Basic and Trade Union Courses 215

THE NATIONAL QUESTION ONCE AGAIN. Concerning the Article by Semich 219

THE REVOLUTIONARY MOVEMENT IN THE EAST. Interview Given to Mr. Fuse, Japanese Correspondent of Nichi-Nichi 231

A LETTER TO COMRADE YERMAKOVSKY 237

INTERVIEW WITH THE PARTICIPANTS IN THE CONFERENCE OF AGITATION AND PROPAGANDA DEPARTMENTS, October 14, 1925 240

THE TASKS OF THE YOUNG COMMUNIST LEAGUE. Answers to Questions Submitted by the Editorial Board of Komsomolskaya Pravda 247

SPEECH AT THE FUNERAL OF M. V. FRUNZE, November 3, 1925 256

OCTOBER, LENIN, AND THE PROSPECTS OF OUR DEVELOPMENT 258

A LETTER TO THE PRESIDIUM OF THE TWENTYSECOND LENINGRAD GUBERNIA PARTY CONFERENCE 263

THE FOURTEENTH CONGRESS OF THE C.P.S.U.(B.), December 18-31, 1925 265

Political Report of the Central Committee, December 18 267

  • I. The International Situation 267
  • 1. The Stabilisation of Capitalism 269
  • 2. Imperialism, the Colonies and Semi-Colonies 275
  • 3. Victors and Vanquished 277
  • 4. The Contradictions between the Victor Countries 284
  • 5. The Capitalist World and the Soviet Union 288
  • 6. The External Position of the U.S.S.R 295
  • 7. The Party’s Tasks 302
  • II. The Internal Situation in the Soviet Union 304
  • 1. The National Economy as a Whole 305
  • 2. Industry and Agriculture 321
  • 3. Questions Concerning Trade 325
  • 4. Classes, Their Activity, Their Correlation 327
  • 5. Lenin’s Three Slogans on the Peasant Question 332
  • 6. Two Dangers and Two Deviations In Regard to the Peasant Question 342
  • 7. The Party’s Tasks 347
  • III. The Party 351

Reply to the Discussion on the Political Report of the Central Committee, December 23 362

  • 1. Sokolnikov and the Dawesation of Our Country 363
  • 2. Kamenev and Our Concessions to the Peasantry 365
  • 3. Whose Miscalculations? 369
  • 4. How Sokolnikov Protects the Poor Peasants 370
  • 5. Ideological Struggle or Slander? 372
  • 6. Concerning NEP 373
  • 7. Concerning State Capitalism 375
  • 8. Zinoviev and the Peasantry 381
  • 9. Concerning the History of the Disagreements 389
  • 10. The Opposition’s Platform 397
  • 11. Their “Desire for Peace” 399
  • 12. The Party Will Achieve Unity 401

Notes 404

Biographical Chronicle (1925) 419

Volume 8

January-November 1926

Works Vol 8 - 1926 January-November

Works Vol 8 – 1926 January-November

 

Contents of Volume 8

Preface XIII

THE FIGHT AGAINST RIGHT AND “ULTRA-LEFT” DEVIATIONS. Two Speeches Delivered at a Meeting of the Presidium of the E.C.C.I., January 22, 1926 1

  • I 1
  • II 5

PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION OF THE COLLECTION QUESTIONS OF LENINISM 11

CONCERNING QUESTIONS OF LENINISM 13

  • I. The Definition of Leninism 13
  • II. The Main Thing in Leninism 16
  • III. The Question of “Permanent” Revolution 19
  • IV. The Proletarian Revolution and the Dictatorship of the Proletariat 22
  • V. The Party and the Working Class in the System of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat 33
  • VI. The Question of the Victory of Socialism in One Country 64
  • VII. The Fight for the Victory of Socialist Construction 80

THE PEASANTRY AS AN ALLY OF THE WORKING CLASS. Reply to Comrades P. F. Boltnev, V. I. Efremov and V. I. Ivlev 97

THE POSSIBILITY OF BUILDING SOCIALISM IN OUR COUNTRY. Reply to Comrade Pokoyev 101

COMRADE KOTOVSKY 105

SPEECH DELIVERED IN THE FRENCH COMMISSION OF THE SIXTH ENLARGED PLENUM OF THE E.C.C.I., March 6, 1926 106

INTERNATIONAL COMMUNIST WOMEN’S DAY 114

SPEECH DELIVERED IN THE GERMAN COMMISSION OF THE SIXTH ENLARGED PLENUM OF THE E.C.C.I., March 8, 1926 115

THE ECONOMIC SITUATION OF THE SOVIET UNION AND THE POLICY OF THE PARTY. Report to the Active of the Leningrad Party Organisation on the Work of the Plenum of the C.C., C.P.S.U.(B.), April 13, 1926 123

  • I. Two Periods of NEP 124
  • II. The Course Towards Industrialisation 126
  • III. Questions of Socialist Accumulation 129
  • IV. The Proper Use of Accumulations. The Regime of Economy 136
  • V. We Must Create Cadres of Builders of Industry 145
  • VI. We Must Raise the Activity of the Working Class 147
  • VII. We Must Strengthen the Alliance of the Workers and Peasants 148
  • VIII. We Must Put Inner-Party Democracy into Effect 151
  • IX. We Must Protect the Unity of the Party 153
  • X. Conclusions 154

TO COMRADE KAGANOVICH AND THE OTHER MEMBERS OF THE POLITICAL BUREAU OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE, UKRAINIAN C.P.(B.) 157

THE BRITISH STRIKE AND THE EVENTS IN POLAND. Report Delivered at a Meeting of Workers of the Chief Railway Workshops in Tiflis, June 8, 1926 164

  • What Caused the Strike in Britain? 164
  • Why Did the British General Strike Fail? 169
  • Lessons of the General Strike 173
  • Some Conclusions 175
  • The Recent Events in Poland 177

REPLY TO THE GREETINGS OF THE WORKERS OF THE CHIEF RAILWAY WORKSHOPS IN TIFLIS, June 8, 1926 182

THE ANGLO-RUSSIAN UNITY COMMITTEE. Speech Delivered at a Joint Plenum of the Central Committee and the Central Control Commission, C.P.S.U.(B.), July 15, 1926 185

F. DZERZHINSKY (In Memory of F. Dzerzhinsky) 203

THE ANGLO-RUSSIAN COMMITTEE. Speech Delivered at a Meeting of the Presidium of the E.C.C.I., August 7, 1926 205

TO THE EDITORIAL BOARD OF THE DAILY WORKER, CENTRAL ORGAN OF THE WORKERS PARTY OF AMERICA 215

LETTER TO SLEPKOV 217

MEASURES FOR MITIGATING THE INNER-PARTY STRUGGLE. Speech Delivered at a Meeting of the Political Bureau of the C.C., C.P.S.U.(B.), October 11, 1926 220

THE OPPOSITION BLOC IN THE C.P.S.U.(B.). Theses for the Fifteenth All-Union Conference of the C.P.S.U.(B.), Adopted by the Conference and Endorsed by the C.C., C.P.S.U.(B.) 225

  • I. The Passing over of the “New Opposition” to Trotskyism on the Basic Question of the Character and Prospects of Our Revolution 227
  • II. The Practical Platform of the Opposition Bloc 232
  • III. The “Revolutionary” Words and Opportunist Deeds of the Opposition Bloc 239
  • IV. Conclusions 243

THE SOCIAL-DEMOCRATIC DEVIATION IN OUR PARTY. Report Delivered at the Fifteenth All-Union Conference of the C.P.S.U.(B.), November 1, 1926 245

  • I. The Stages of Development of the Opposition Bloc 245
  • 1. The First Stage 246
  • 2. The Second Stage 247
  • 3. The Third Stage 249
  • 4. The Fourth Stage 250
  • 5. Lenin and the Question of Blocs in the Party 252
  • 6. The Process of Decomposition of the Opposition Bloc 254
  • 7. What Is the Opposition Bloc Counting on? 256
  • II. The Principal Error of the Opposition Bloc 258
  • 1. Preliminary Remarks 259
  • 2. Leninism or Trotskyism? 264
  • 3. The Resolution of the Fourteenth Conference on the R.C.P.(B.) 278
  • 4. The Passing over of the “New Opposition” to Trotskyism 282
  • 5. Trotsky’s Evasion. Smilga. Radek 287
  • 6. The Decisive Importance of the Question of the Prospects of Our Constructive Work 292
  • 7. The Political Prospects of the Opposition Bloc 295
  • III. The Political and Organisational Errors of the Opposition Bloc 299
  • IV. Some Conclusions 306

REPLY TO THE DISCUSSION ON THE REPORT ON “THE SOCIAL-DEMOCRATIC DEVIATION IN OUR PARTY,” November 3, 1926 311

  • I. Some General Questions 311
  • 1. Marxism Is Not a Dogma, but a Guide to Action 311
  • 2. Some Remarks of Lenin on the Dictatorship of the Proletariat 321
  • 3. The Unevenness of Development of the Capitalist Countries 326
  • II. Kamenev Clears the Way for Trotsky 330
  • III. An Incredible Muddle, or Zinoviev on Revolutionary Spirit and Internationalism 339
  • IV. Trotsky Falsifies Leninism 347
  • 1. Trotsky’s conjuring Tricks, or the Question of “Permanent Revolution” 347
  • 2. Juggling with Quotations, or Trotsky Falsifies Leninism 357
  • 3. “Trifles” and Curiosities 363
  • V. The Practical Platform of the Opposition. The Demands of the Party 366
  • VI. Conclusion 370

THE PROSPECTS OF THE REVOLUTION IN CHINA. Speech Delivered in the Chinese Commission of the E.C.C.I., November 30, 1926 373

  • I. Character of the Revolution in China 373
  • II. Imperialism and Imperialist Intervention in China 375
  • III. The Revolutionary Army in China 378
  • IV. Character of the Future Government in China 381
  • V. The Peasant Question in China 384
  • VI. The Proletariat and the Hegemony of the Proletariat in China 388
  • VII. The Question of the Youth in China 390
  • VIII. Some Conclusions 391

Notes 393

Biographical Chronicle (January-November 1926) 409

Volume 9

December 1926-July 1927

Works Vol 9 - December 1926-July 1927

Works Vol 9 – December 1926-July 1927

 

Contents of Volume 9

Preface XI

THE SEVENTH ENLARGED PLENUM OF THE E.C.C.I., November 22-December 16, 1926 1-155

Once More on the Social-Democratic Deviation in Our Party. Report Delivered on December 7 3

  • I. Preliminary Remarks 3
  • 1. Contradictions of Inner-Party Development 3
  • 2. Sources of Contradictions Within the Party 9
  • II. Specific Features of the Opposition in the C.P.S.U.(B.) 13
  • III. The Disagreements in the C.P.S.U.(B.) 21
  • 1. Questions of Socialist Construction 21
  • 2. Factors of the “Respite” 26
  • 3. The Unity and Inseparability of the “National” and International Tasks of the Revolution 28
  • 4. Concerning the History of the Question of Building Socialism 30
  • 5. The Special Importance of the Question of Building Socialism in the U.S.S.R. at the Present Moment 37
  • 6. The Perspectives of the Revolution 40
  • 7. How the Question Really Stands 42
  • 8. The Chances of Victory 44
  • 9. Disagreements Over Political Practice 47
  • IV. The Opposition at Work 50
  • V. Why the Enemies of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat Praise the Opposition 54
  • VI. Defeat of the Opposition Bloc 59
  • VII. The Practical Meaning and Importance of the Fifteenth Conference of the C.P.S.U.(B.) 63

Reply to the Discussion, December 13 65

  • I. Miscellaneous Remarks 65
  • 1. We Need Facts, Not Inventions and Tittle-Tattle 65
  • 2. Why the Enemies of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat Praise the Opposition 72
  • 3. There Are Errors and Errors 78
  • 4. The Dictatorship of the Proletariat According to Zinoviev 82
  • 5. Trotsky’s Oracular Sayings 86
  • 6. Zinoviev In the Role of a Schoolboy Quoting Marx, Engels, Lenin 90
  • 7. Revisionism According to Zinoviev 100
  • II. The Question of the Victory of Socialism in Individual Capitalist Countries 105
  • 1. The Prerequisites for Proletarian Revolutions in Individual Countries in the Period of Imperialism 105
  • 2. How Zinoviev “Elaborates” Lenin 116
  • III. The Question of Building Socialism in the U.S.S.R. 120
  • 1. The “Manoeuvres” of the Opposition and the “National-Reformism” of Lenin’s Party 121
  • 2. We are Building and Can Completely Build the Economic Basis of Socialism in the U.S.S.R. 131
  • 3. We are Building Socialism in Alliance With the World Proletariat 143
  • 4. The Question of Degeneration 147
  • IV. The Opposition and the Question of Party Unity 149
  • V. Conclusion 153

LETTER TO KSENOFONTOV 156

SPEECH DELIVERED AT THE FIFTEENTH MOSCOW GUBERNIA PARTY CONFERENCE, January 14, 1927 159

LETTER TO COMRADE ZAITSEV 167

TO THE LENA WORKERS 171

GREETINGS TO THE STALINGRAD NEWSPAPER BORBA 172

SPEECH DELIVERED AT A MEETING OF WORKERS OF THE STALIN RAILWAY WORKSHOPS, OCTOBER RAILWAY, March 1, 1927 (Abbreviated Report) 173

LETTER TO COMRADES TSVETKOV AND ALYPOV 179

CONCERNING THE QUESTION OF A WORKERS’ AND PEASANTS’ GOVERNMENT. Reply to Dmitriev 182

LETTER TO SHINKEVICH 194

SPEECH DELIVERED AT THE FIFTH ALL-UNION CONFERENCE OF THE ALL-UNION LENINIST YOUNG COMMUNIST LEAGUE, March 29, 1927 196

LETTER TO CHUGUNOV 205

THE PARTY’S THREE FUNDAMENTAL SLOGANS ON THE PEASANT QUESTION. Reply to Yan—sky 207

QUESTIONS OF THE CHINESE REVOLUTION. Theses for Propagandists, Approved by the C.C., C.P.S.U.(B.) 224

  • I. Prospects of the Chinese Revolution 224
  • II. The First Stage of the Chinese Revolution 226
  • III. The Second Stage of the Chinese Revolution 229
  • IV. Errors of the Opposition 231

TO PRAVDA (On the Occasion of Its Fifteenth Anniversary) 235

CONCERNING QUESTIONS OF THE CHINESE REVOLUTION. Reply to Comrade Marchulin 236

TALK WITH STUDENTS OF THE SUN YAT-SEN UNIVERSITY, May 13, 1927 243

THE SLOGAN OF THE DICTATORSHIP OF THE PROLETARIAT AND POOR PEASANTRY IN THE PERIOD OF PREPARATION FOR OCTOBER. Reply to S. Pokrovsky 274

THE REVOLUTION IN CHINA AND THE TASKS OF THE COMINTERN. Speech Delivered at the Tenth Sitting. Eighth Plenum of the E.C.C.I., May 24, 1927 288

  • I. Some Minor Questions 288
  • II. The Agrarian-Peasant Revolution as the Basis of the Bourgeois-Democratic Revolution 291
  • III. The Right Kuomintang in Nanking, Which Massacres Communists, and the Left Kuomintang in Wuhan, Which Maintains an Alliance With the Communists 299
  • IV. Soviets of Workers’ and Peasants’ Deputies in China 302
  • V. Two Lines 314

TO THE STUDENTS OF THE COMMUNIST UNIVERSITY OF THE TOILERS OF THE EAST 319

REPLY TO S. POKROVSKY 321

NOTES ON CONTEMPORARY THEMES 328

  • I. The Threat of War 328
  • II. China 337

Notes 371

Biographical Chronicle (December 1926-July 1927) 385

Volume 10

August-December 1927

Works Vol 10 - 1927 August-December

Works Vol 10 – 1927 August-December

 

Contents of Volume 10

Preface XI

JOINT PLENUM OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE AND CENTRAL CONTROL COMMISSION OF THE C.P.S.U.(B.), July 29-August 9, 1927 1

The International Situation and the Defence of the U.S.S.R. Speech Delivered on August 1, 3

  • I. The Attacks of the Opposition on Sections of the Comintern 3
  • II. About China 10
  • III. The Anglo-Soviet Unity Committee 39
  • IV. The Threat of War and the Defence of the U.S.S.R. 44

Speech Delivered on August 5 63

With Reference to the Opposition’s “Declaration” of August 8, 1927. Speech Delivered on August 9 90

INTERVIEW WTTH THE FIRST AMERICAN LABOUR DELEGATION, September 9, 1927 97

  • I. Questions Put by the Delegation and Comrade Stalin’s Answers 97
  • II. Questions Put by Comrade Stalin and the Delegates’ Replies 141

TO COMRADE M. I. ULYANOVA. REPLY TO COMRADE L. MIKHELSON 154

THE POLITICAL COMPLEXION OF THE RUSSIAN OPPOSITION. Excerpt from a Speech Delivered at a Joint Meeting of the Presidium of the Executive Committee of the Comintern and the International Control Commission, September 27, 1927 158

SYNOPSIS OF THE ARTICLE “THE INTERNATIONAL CHARACTER OF THE OCTOBER REVOLUTION” 173

THE TROTSKYIST OPPOSITION BEFORE AND NOW. Speech Delivered at a Meeting of the Joint Plenum of the Central Committee and Central Control Commission of the C.P.S.U.(B.), October 23, 1927 177

  • I. Some Minor Questions 177
  • II. The Opposition’s “Platform” 183
  • III. Lenin on Discussions and Oppositions in General 187
  • IV. The Opposition and the “Third Force” 188
  • V. How the Opposition Is “Preparing” for the Congress 194
  • VI. From Leninism to Trotskyism 198
  • VII. Some of the Most Important Results of the Party’s Policy During the Past Few Years 202
  • VIII. Back to Axelrod 207

INTERVIEW WITH FOREIGN WORKERS’ DELEGATIONS, November 5, 1927 212

THE INTERNATIONAL CHARACTER OF THE OCTOBER REVOLUTION. On the Occasion of the Tenth Anniversary of the October Revolution 244

TO THE PARTY CONFERENCE OF THE MOSCOW MILITARY AREA 256

THE PARTY AND THE OPPOSITION. Speech Delivered at the Sixteenth Moscow Gubernia Party Conference, November 23, 1927 257

  • I. Brief Results of the Discussion 257
  • II. The Working Class and the Peasantry 260
  • III. The Party and the Dictatorship of the Proletariat 266
  • IV. The Prospects of Our Revolution 270
  • V. What Next? 272

THE FIFTEENTH CONGRESS OF THE C.P.S.U.(B.), December 2-19, 1927 275

Political Report of the Central Committee, December 3 277

  • I. The Growing Crisis of World Capitalism and the External Situation of the U.S.S.R. 277
  • 1. The Economics of World Capitalism and the Intensification of the Struggle for Foreign Markets 278
  • 2. The International Policy of Capitalism and the Preparation of New Imperialist Wars 282
  • 3. The State of the World Revolutionary Movement and the Harbingers of a New Revolutionary Upsurge 288
  • 4. The Capitalist World and the U.S.S.R. 291
  • 5. Conclusions 297
  • II. The Successes of Socialist Construction and the Internal Situation in the U.S.S.R. 298
  • 1. The National Economy as a Whole 300
  • 2. The Rate of Development of Our Large-Scale Socialist Industry 307
  • 3. The Rate of Development of Our Agriculture 310
  • 4. Classes, the State Apparatus and the Country’s Cultural Development 321
  • III. The Party and the Opposition 333
  • 1. The State of the Party 338
  • 2. The Results of the Discussion 342
  • 3. The Fundamental Divergences Between the Party and the Opposition 346
  • 4. What Next? 357
  • IV. General Summary 361

Reply to the Discussion on the Political Report of the Central Committee, December 7 364

  • I. Concerning Rakovsky’s Speech 364
  • II. Concerning Kamenev’s Speech 367
  • III. The Summing Up 379

STATEMENT TO FOREIGN PRESS CORRESPONDENTS CONCERNING THE COUNTERFEIT “ARTICLES BY STALIN” 383

Notes 387

Biographical Chronicle (August-December 1927) 404

Volume 11

1928-March 1929

Works Vol 11 - 1928-March 1929

Works Vol 11 – 1928-March 1929

 

Contents of Volume 11

Preface XIII

GRAIN PROCUREMENTS AND THE PROSPECTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE. From Statements Made in Various Parts of Siberia in January 1928. (Brief Record) 3

FIRST RESULTS OF THE PROCUREMENT CAMPAIGN AND THE FURTHER TASKS OF THE PARTY. To All Organisations of the C.P.S.U.(B.) 12

GREETINGS TO THE RED ARMY ON ITS TENTH ANNIVERSARY 23

THREE DISTINCTIVE FEATURES OF THE RED ARMY. Speech Delivered at a Plenum of the Moscow Soviet Held in Honour of the Tenth Anniversary of the Red Army, February 25, 1928 24

THE WORK OF THE APRIL JOINT PLENUM OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE AND CENTRAL CONTROL COMMISSION. Report Delivered at a Meeting of the Active of the Moscow Organisation of the C.P.S.U.(B.), April 13, 1928 30

  • I. Self-Criticism 31
  • II. The Question of Grain Procurement 42
  • III. The Shakhty Affair 57
  • IV. General Conclusion 67

GREETINGS TO THE WORKERS OF KOSTROMA 69

SPEECH DELIVERED AT THE EIGHTH CONGRESS OF THE ALL-UNION LENINIST YOUNG COMMUNIST LEAGUE, May 16, 1928 70

  • I. Strengthen the Readiness for Action of the Working Class 71
  • II. Organise Mass Criticism from Below 75
  • III. The Youth Must Master Science 79

TO KOMSOMOLSKAYA PRAVDA. On Its Third Anniversary 83

TO THE SVERDLOV UNIVERSITY. On Its Tenth Anniversary 84

ON THE GRAIN FRONT. From a Talk to Students of the Institute of Red Professors, the Communist Academy and the Sverdlov University, May 28, 1928 85

LETTER TO THE MEMBERS OF THE PARTY AFFAIRS STUDY CIRCLE AT THE COMMUNIST ACADEMY 102

LENIN AND THE QUESTION OF THE ALLIANCE WITH THE MIDDLE PEASANT. Reply to Comrade S. 105

TO THE MEMBERS OF THE POLITICAL BUREAU OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE. Reply to Frumkin. (With Reference to Frumkin’s Letter of June 15, 1928) 121

AGAINST VULGARISING THE SLOGAN OF SELFCRITICISM 133

PLENUM OF THE C.C., C.P.S.U.(B.). July 4-12, 1928 145

  • The Programme of the Comintern. Speech Delivered on July 5, 1928 147
  • Industrialisation and the Grain Problem. Speech Delivered on July 9, 1928 165
  • On the Bond between the Workers and Peasants and On State Farms. From a Speech Delivered on July 11, 1928 197

RESULTS OF THE JULY PLENUM OF THE C.C., C.P.S.U.(B.). Report to a Meeting of the Active of the Leningrad Organisation of the C.P.S.U.(B.), July 13, 1928 206

  • I. The Comintern 206
  • 1. Major Problems of the Sixth Congress of the Comintern 206
  • 2. The Programme of the Comintern 211
  • II. Questions of Socialist Construction in the U.S.S.R. 213
  • 1. Grain Procurement Policy 213
  • 2. Training of Cadres for the Work of Industrial Construction 224
  • III. Conclusion 226

TO THE LENINGRAD OSOAVIAKHIM 228

LETTER TO COMRADE KUIBYSHEV 229

TO THE MEMORY OF COMRADE I. I. SKVORTSOVSTEPANOV 230

THE RIGHT DANGER IN THE C.P.S.U.(B.). Speech Delivered at the Plenum of the Moscow Committee and Moscow Control Commission of the C.P.S.U.(B.), October 19, 1928 231

REPLY TO COMRADE SH. 249

TO THE LENINIST YOUNG COMMUNIST LEAGUE. Greetings on the Day of the Tenth Anniversary of the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League 252

ON THE TENTH ANNIVERSARY OF THE FIRST CONGRESS OF WORKING WOMEN AND PEASANT WOMEN 254

INDUSTRIALISATION OF THE COUNTRY AND THE RIGHT DEVIATION IN THE C.P.S.U.(B.). Speech Delivered at the Plenum of the C.C., C.P.S.U.(B.), November 19, 1928 255

  • I. The Rate of Development of Industry 256
  • II. The Grain Problem 267
  • III. Combating Deviations and Conciliation towards Them 280

TO THE WORKERS OF THE “KATUSHKA” FACTORY, TO THE WORKERS OF THE YARTSEVO FACTORY, SMOLENSK GUBERNIA 303

TO THE WORKERS OF THE KRASNY PROFINTERN FACTORY, BEZHITSA 305

ON THE TENTH ANNIVERSARY OF THE FRUNZE MILITARY ACADEMY OF THE WORKERS’ AND PEASANTS’ RED ARMY 306

THE RIGHT DANGER IN THE GERMAN COMMUNIST PARTY. Speech Delivered at a Meeting of the Presidium of the E.C.C.I., December 19, 1928 307

  • I. The Problem of the Capitalist Stabilisation 308
  • II. The Problem of the Class Battles of the Proletariat 311
  • III. The Problem of the German Communist Party 315
  • IV. The Rights in the C.P.G. and in the C.P.S.U.(B.) 320
  • V. The Drafts for the Open and Closed Letters 323

REPLY TO KUSHTYSEV 325

THEY HAVE SUNK TO THE DEPTHS 327

BUKHARIN’S GROUP AND THE RIGHT DEVIATION IN OUR PARTY. From Speeches Delivered at a Joint Meeting of the Political Bureau of the C.C. and the Presidium of the C.C.C., C.P.S.U.(B.) at the End of January and the Beginning of February 1929. (Brief Record) 332

REPLY TO BILL-BELOTSERKOVSKY 341

TO THE WORKING MEN AND WOMEN OF THE KRASNY TREUGOLNIK FACTORY 345

TELEGRAM TO THE RED ARMY MEN, COMMANDERS AND POLITICAL OFFICERS OF THE FIRST RED COSSACK REGIMENT, PROSKUROV 346

GREETINGS TO SELSKOKHOZYAISTVENNAYA GAZETA 347

THE NATIONAL QUESTION AND LENINISM. Reply to Comrades Meshkov, Kovalchuk, and Others 348

  • 1. The Concept “Nation” 348
  • 2. The Rise and Development of Nations 350
  • 3. The Future of Nations and of National Languages 356
  • 4. The Policy of the Party on the National Question 365

Notes 373

Biographical Chronicle 389

Volume 12

April 1929-June 1930

Works Vol 12 - April 1929-June 1930

Works Vol 12 – April 1929-June 1930

 

Contents of Volume 12

Preface XI

THE RIGHT DEVIATION IN THE C.P.S.U.(B.). Speech Delivered at the Plenum of the Central Committee and Central Control Commission of the C.P.S.U.(B.) in April 1929. (Verbatim Report) 1

  • I. One Line or Two Lines? 3
  • II. Class Changes and Our Disagreements 11
  • III. Disagreements in Regard to the Comintern 21
  • IV. Disagreements in Regard to Internal Policy 29
  • a) The Class Struggle 30
  • b) The Intensification of the Class Struggle 37
  • c) The Peasantry 42
  • d) NEP and Market Relations 46
  • e) The So-Called “Tribute” 52
  • f) The Rate of Development of Industry and the New Forms of the Bond 60
  • g) Bukharin as a Theoretician 72
  • h) A Five-Year Plan or a Two-Year Plan 84
  • i) The Question of the Crop Area 87
  • j) Grain Procurements 91
  • k) Foreign Currency Reserves and Grain Imports 98
  • V. Questions of Party Leadership 101
  • a) The Factionalism of Bukharin’s Group 102
  • b) Loyalty and Collective Leadership 104
  • c) The Fight Against the Right Deviation 109
  • VI. Conclusions 112

EMULATION AND LABOUR ENTHUSIASM OF THE MASSES. Foreword to E. Mikulina’s Pamphlet “Emulation of the Masses” 114

TO COMRADE FELIX KON. Copy to Comrade Kolotilov, Secretary, Regional Bureau of the Central Committee, Ivanovo-Voznesensk Region 118

TO THE YOUNG COMMUNIST LEAGUE OF THE UKRAINE ON ITS TENTH ANNIVERSARY 122

ENTRY IN THE LOG-BOOK OF THE CRUISER “CHERVONA UKRAINA” 123

A YEAR OF GREAT CHANGE. On the Occasion of the Twelfth Anniversary of the October Revolution 124

  • I. In the Sphere of Productivity of Labour 125
  • II. In the Sphere of Industrial Construction 127
  • III. In the Sphere of Agricultural Development 131
  • Conclusions 141

TO THE EDITORIAL BOARD OF THE NEWSPAPER TREVOGA, ORGAN OF THE SPECIAL FAR EASTERN ARMY 142

A NECESSARY CORRECTION 143

TO ALL ORGANISATIONS AND COMRADES WHO SENT GREETINGS ON THE OCCASION OF COMRADE STALIN’S FIFTIETH BIRTHDAY 146

CONCERNING QUESTIONS OF AGRARIAN POLICY IN THE U.S.S.R. Speech Delivered at a Conference of Marxist Students of Agrarian Questions, December 27, 1929 147

  • I. The Theory of “Equilibrium” 149
  • II. The Theory of “Spontaneity” in Socialist Construction 153
  • III. The Theory of the “Stability” of Small-Peasant Farming 155
  • IV. Town and Country 162
  • V. The Nature of Collective Farms 167
  • VI. The Class Changes and the Turn in the Party’s Policy 172
  • VII. Conclusions 177

LETTER TO A. M. GORKY 179

CONCERNING THE POLICY OF ELIMINATING THE KULAKS AS A CLASS 184

REPLY TO THE SVERDLOV COMRADES 190

  • I. The Sverdlov Students’ Questions 190
  • II. Comrade Stalin’s Reply 192

DIZZY WITH SUCCESS. Concerning Questions of the Collective-Farm Movement 197

LETTER TO COMRADE BEZYMENSKY 206

REPLY TO COLLECTIVE-FARM COMRADES 207

TO THE FIRST GRADUATES OF THE INDUSTRIAL ACADEMY 235

REPLY TO COMRADE M. RAFAIL. (Regional Trade-Union Council, Leningrad.) Copy to Comrade Kirov, Secretary Regional Committee of the C.P.S.U.(B.) 237

AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY WORKS, ROSTOV 240

TRACTOR WORKS, STALINGRAD 241

POLITICAL REPORT OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE TO THE SIXTEENTH CONGRESS OF THE C.P.S.U.(B.), June 27, 1930 242

  • I. The Growing Crisis of World Capitalism and the External Situation of the U.S.S.R. 242
  • 1. The World Economic Crisis 244
  • 2. The Intensification of the Contradictions of Capitalism 254
  • 3. The Relations Between the U.S.S.R. and the Capitalist States 262
  • II. The Increasing Advance of Socialist Construction and the Internal Situation in the U.S.S.R. 269
  • 1. The Growth of the National Economy as a Whole 270
  • 2. Successes in Industrialisation 272
  • 3. The Key Position of Socialist Industry and Its Rate of Growth 275
  • 4. Agriculture and the Grain Problem 282
  • 5. The Turn of the Peasantry Towards Socialism and the Rate of Development of State Farms and Collective Farms 288
  • 6. The Improvement in the Material and Cultural Conditions of the Workers and Peasants 299
  • 7. Difficulties of Growth the Class Struggle and the Offensive of Socialism Along the Whole Front 309
  • 8. The Capitalist or the Socialist System of Economy 326
  • 9. The Next Tasks 334
  • a) General 334
  • b) Industry 341
  • c) Agriculture 342
  • d) Transport 347
  • III. The Party 348
  • 1. Questions of the Guidance of Socialist Construction 352
  • 2. Questions of the Guidance of Inner-Party Affairs 362

Notes 386

Biographical Chronicle (April 1929-June 1930) 400

Volume 13

July 1930-January 1934

Works Vol 13 - July 1930-January 1934

Works Vol 13 – July 1930-January 1934

 

Contents of Volume 13

Preface XIII

REPLY TO THE DISCUSSION ON THE POLITICAL REPORT OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE TO THE SIXTEENTH CONGRESS OF THE C.P.S.U.(B.), July 2, 1930 1

LETTER TO COMRADE SHATUNOVSKY 18

LETTERS TO COMRADE CH. 21

TO COMRADE DEMYAN BEDNY. (Excerpts from a Letter) 24

ANTI-SEMITISM. Reply to an Inquiry of the Jewish News Agency in the United States 30

THE TASKS OF BUSINESS EXECUTIVES. Speech Delivered at the First All-Union Conference of Leading Personnel of Socialist Industry, February 4, 1931 31

LETTER TO COMRADE ETCHIN 45

GREETINGS TO THE STAFFS OF AZNEFT AND GROZNEFT 47

TO ELEKTROZAVOD 48

MAGNITOGORSK IRON AND STEEL WORKS PROJECT, MAGNITOGORSK 49

TO THE CHAIRMAN OF THE BOARD OF THE ALLUNION CENTRE OF MACHINE AND TRACTOR STATIONS. TO ALL MACHINE AND TRACTOR STATIONS 50

TO THE CHAIRMAN OF THE GRAIN TRUST BOARD. TO ALL STATE GRAIN FARMS 52

NEW CONDITIONS—NEW TASKS IN ECONOMIC CONSTRUCTION. Speech Delivered at a Conference of Business Executives, June 23, 1931 53

  • I. Manpower 54
  • II. Wages 57
  • III. The Organisation of Work 62
  • IV. A Working-Class Industrial and Technical Intelligentsia 67
  • V. Signs of a Change of Attitude among the Old Industrial and Technical Intelligentsia 71
  • VI. Business Accounting 75
  • VII. New Methods of Work, New Methods of Management 78

TO THE WORKERS AND ADMINISTRATIVE AND TECHNICAL PERSONNEL OF AMO 83

TO THE WORKERS AND THE ADMINISTRATIVE AND TECHNICAL PERSONNEL OF THE KHARKOV TRACTOR WORKS PROJECT 84

TO THE NEWSPAPER TEKHNIKA 85

SOME QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE HISTORY OF BOLSHEVISM. Letter to the Editorial Board of the Magazine “Proletarskaya Revolutsia” 86

AUTOMOBILE WORKS, NIZHNI-NOVGOROD 105

TALK WITH THE GERMAN AUTHOR EMIL LUDWIG, December 13, 1931 106

TO THE CHIEF OF THE AUTOMOBILE WORKS PROJECT AND THE DIRECTOR OF THE MOLOTOV AUTOMOBILE WORKS, NIZHNI-NOVGOROD 126

TO THE CHIEF OF THE HARVESTER COMBINE WORKS PROJECT AND THE DIRECTOR OF THE HARVESTER COMBINE WORKS, SARATOV 127

REPLY TO OLEKHNOVICH AND ARISTOV. With Reference to the Letter “Some Questions Concerning the History of Bolshevism” Addressed to the Editorial Board of the Magazine “Proletarskaya Revolutsia” 128

MAGNITOGORSK IRON AND STEEL WORKS PROJECT, MAGNITOGORSK 135

REPLY TO THE LETTER OF Mr. RICHARDSON, REPRESENTATIVE OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS NEWS AGENCY 136

THE IMPORTANCE AND TASKS OF THE COMPLAINTS BUREAUS 137

REPLIES TO THE QUESTIONS OF RALPH V. BARNES May 3, 1935 139

KUZNETSK IRON AND STEEL WORKS PROJECT KUZNETSK 142

GREETINGS TO THE SEVENTH ALL-UNION CONFERENCE OF THE ALL-UNION LENINIST YOUNG COMMUNIST LEAGUE 143

CONGRATULATIONS TO MAXIM GORKY 144

TO THE BUILDERS OF THE DNIEPER HYDROELECTRIC POWER STATION 145

GREETINGS TO LENINGRAD 146

LETTER TO THE EDITORIAL BOARD OF THE NEWSPAPER PRAVDA 147

MR. CAMPBELL STRETCHES THE TRUTH 148

Record of the Talk with Mr. Campbell, January 28, 1929 150

THE FIFTEENTH ANNIVERSARY OF THE OGPU 160

JOINT PLENUM OF THE C.C. AND C.C.C., C.P.S.U.(B.), January 7-12, 1933 161

The Results of the First Five-Year Plan. Report Delivered on January 7, 1933 163

  • I. The International Significance of the Five-Year Plan 163
  • II. The Fundamental Task of the Five-Year Plan and the Way to Its Fulfilment 174
  • III. The Results of the Five-Year Plan in Four Years in the Sphere of Industry 180
  • IV. The Results of the Five-Year Plan in Four Years in the Sphere of Agriculture 191
  • V. The Results of the Five-Year Plan in Four Years as Regards Improving the Material Conditions of the Workers and Peasants 199
  • VI. The Results of the Five-Year Plan in Four Years as Regards Trade Turnover between Town and Country 206
  • VII. The Results of the Five-Year Plan in Four Years in the Sphere of the Struggle against the Remnants of the Hostile Classes 211
  • VIII. General Conclusions 217
  • Work in the Countryside. Speech Delivered on January 11, 1933 220

TO RABOTNITSA 240

LETTER TO COMRADE I. N. BAZHANOV 241

SPEECH DELIVERED AT THE FIRST ALL-UNION CONGRESS OF COLLECTIVE-FARM SHOCK BRIGADERS, February 19, 1933 242

  • I. The Collective-Farm Path Is the Only Right Path 242
  • II. Our Immediate Task—To Make All the Collective Farmers Prosperous 252
  • III. Miscellaneous Remarks 257

GREETINGS TO THE RED ARMY ON ITS FIFTEENTH ANNIVERSARY. To the Revolutionary Military Council of the U.S.S.R. 264

REPLY TO A LETTER FROM Mr. BARNES, March 20, 1933 265

TO COMRADE S. M. BUDYONNY 266

TALK WITH COLONEL ROBINS, May 13, 1933. (Brief Record) 267

GREETINGS ON THE FIFTEENTH ANNIVERSARY OF THE ALL-UNION LENINIST YOUNG COMMUNIST LEAGUE 280

TALK WITH Mr. DURANTY, CORRESPONDENT OF THE NEW YORK TIMES, December 25, 1933 282

REPORT TO THE SEVENTEENTH PARTY CONGRESS ON THE WORK OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE C.P.S.U.(B.), January 26, 1934 288

  • I. The Continuing Crisis of World Capitalism and the External Situation of the Soviet Union 288
  • 1. The Course of the Economic Crisis in the Capitalist Countries 290
  • 2. The Growing Tension in the Political Situation in the Capitalist Countries 297
  • 3. The Relations between the U.S.S.R. and the Capitalist States 306
  • II. The Continuing Progress of the National Economy and the Internal Situation in the U.S.S.R. 312
  • 1. The Progress of Industry 316
  • 2. The Progress of Agriculture 324
  • 3. The Rise in the Material and Cultural Standard of the Working People 340
  • 4. The Progress of Trade Turnover, and Transport 346
  • III. The Party 353
  • 1. Questions of Ideological and Political Leadership 355
  • 2. Questions of Organisational Leadership 372

TO COMRADE SHAPOSHNIKOV, CHIEF AND COMISSAR OF THE FRUNZE MILITARY ACADEMY OF THE WORKERS’ AND PEASANTS’ RED ARMY. TO COMRADE SHCHADENKO, ASSISTANT FOR POLITICAL WORK 389

INSTEAD OF A REPLY TO THE DISCUSSION, January 31, 1934 390

Notes 391

Biographical Chronicle (July 1930-January 1934) 409

There’s a compilation of the Table of Contents of these 13 ‘official’ volumes of Stalin’s Works, as well as Volume 14 that follows.

The ‘official’ collection stopped at 13 but that left three volumes not available in English – or other non-Soviet languages. One of those three, Vol.15, was to be the History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks). It’s publication would have been a repeat as it had been published first in 1939 (in English) and in a number of other editions before the death of Stalin in 1953. That will be found below.

Volume 16 was to be a series of documents related to the Great Patriotic War – speeches, Orders of the Day, addresses to the people, etc. 

Volume 14 was due to cover the period 1934-1940 and, according to the Preface in Vol 1, would contain works ‘dealing with the struggle to complete the building of socialism in the USSR, with the creation of the new Constitution of the Soviet Union, and with the struggle for peace in the situation prevailing at the opening of the Second World War’.

However, this was the most economically and politically problematic period in the history of the USSR. Issues of collectivisation and industrialisation would determine the very nature of the Soviet Revolution. Also during this period the Party and its leadership had to resolve the manner in which Marxist-Leninists are to act when faced with an internal counter-revolution, as well as external military aggression and a generally hostile capitalist encirclement (even though those same imperialist states might find common ground with the Socialist state at a particular period of time).  

For reasons I have yet to understand even whilst Stalin was at the head of the Party there was an idea that material related to this period should not be made public. There must have been a vast amount of material, reports, documents which were discussed at innumerable meetings, etc., before the attack by the Hitlerites. All this must be somewhere but little has surfaced after the so-called ‘opening’ of the secret files.

Stalin was meticulous in the way he analysed a situation (like Lenin) and six years of his work in a few hundred pages is just not possible.

Volumes 1-13 were reproduced by a publishing house based in London in the early 1970s, Red Star Press. This was funded by Greek Marxist-Leninists at the time. They also produced a small number of other interesting documents about the ‘what-came-to-nothing’ resurgence of a Marxist-Leninist Communist Party in the Soviet Union. (Those documents will eventually appear on this blog.) What happened to Red Star Press and when I do not know. However, I thank them – 40 years in the future – for the work they did at the time. 

However, when it came to the ‘missing’ volumes they didn’t follow the original, Soviet plan. Volumes 14-16 contained a collection of writings, speeches, messages, orders and reports from 1934-1952 – but many of these documents were short and an invaluable resource for historians but lack depth for a greater understanding of the decisions made and the policy direction in the Soviet Union at the time. Volumes 14 and 16 are reproduced below, volume 15, covering the period 1941-October 1944, is presently not available. One volume (17) contained the correspondence between Stalin and the US Presidents and UK Prime Ministers he had to deal with during the Great Patriotic War. (Most of that material will eventually appear, if not in the editions by Red Star Press.) Volume 18 was a reprint of the History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks). This is reproduced below.

Volume 14

1934 – 1940

Works Vol 14 - 1934-1940

Works Vol 14 – 1934-1940

 

Contents of Volume 14

PREFACE 5

ON AN ARTICLE BY ENGELS July 19, 1934 11

MARXISM VERSUS LIBERALISM An Interview with H. G. Wells, July 23, 1934 21

TALK WITH THE METAL PRODUCERS December 26, 1934 45

DECISIONS ON THE MANUALS OF HISTORY 51

REMARKS ON A SUMMARY OF THE MANUAL OF THE HISTORY OF THE U.S.S.R. August 8, 1934 57

REMARKS ON THE SUMMARY OF THE MANUAL OF MODERN HISTORY August 9, 1934 61

THE DEATH OF KIROV December 1, 1934 63

LETTER TO COMRADE CHOUMIATSKY 67

ADDRESS GIVEN AT THE RECEPTION OF THE 1st MAY PARADE 69

ADDRESS TO THE GRADUATES FROM THE RED ARMY ACADEMIES

  • Delivered in the Kremlin May 6, 1935 71

ADDRESS TO THE SOLEMN MEETING ON THE OPENING OF THE L. M. KAGANOVICH METRO May 14, 1935 81

SPEECH DELIVERED AT A RECEPTION GIVEN BY LEADERS OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY AND THE GOVERNMENT TO WOMEN COLLECTIVE FARM SHOCK WORKERS November 10, 1935 85

SPEECH AT THE FIRST ALL-UNION CONFERENCE OF STAKHANOVITES November 17, 1935 89

SPEECH AT A CONFERENCE OF HARVESTER COMBINE OPERATORS December 1, 1935 111

ADDRESS TO THE COMMISSION OF THE SECOND ALL-UNION CONGRESS OF KOLKHOZINES February 15, 1936 121

SPEECH AT A CONFERENCE OF THE FOREMOST COLLECTIVE FARMERS OF TAJIKSTAN AND TURKMENISTAN December 4, 1935 123

CONFERENCE OF THE AVANT-GARDIST MEN AND WOMEN OF TAJIKSTAN AND OF TURKMENISTAN WITH THE DIRECTORS OF THE PARTY AND THE STATE December 4, 1935 127

INTERVIEW BETWEEN J. STALIN AND ROY HOWARD March 1, 1936 133

TELEGRAM FROM THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE C.P.S.U.(B) TO THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF SPAIN October, 1936 149

ON THE DRAFT CONSTITUTION OF THE U.S.S.R.

  • Report delivered at the Extraordinary Eighth Congress of Soviets of the U.S.S.R. November 25, 1936 151

CONSTITUTION (FUNDAMENTAL LAW) OF THE UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS

  • With amendments adopted by the First, Second, Third, Sixth, Seventh and Eighth Sessions of the Supreme Soviet of the U.S.S.R. Kremlin, Moscow. December 5, 1936 199

REPORT AND SPEECH IN REPLY TO DEBATE AT THE PLENUM OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE C.P.S.U.(B) March 3- 5, 1937

  • DEFECTS IN PARTY WORK AND MEASURES FOR LIQUIDATING TROTSKYITE AND OTHER DOUBLE-DEALERS 241

SPEECH IN REPLY TO DEBATE 275

LETTER TO THE AUTHORS OF THE MANUAL OF THE ‘HISTORY OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY’ May, 1937 297

ADDRESS TO THE RECEPTION OF DIRECTORS AND STAKHANOVITES OF THE METAL INDUSTRY AND THE COAL MINING INDUSTRY October 29, 1937 301

SPEECH DELIVERED BY COMRADE J. STALIN AT A MEETING OF VOTERS OF THE STALIN ELECTORAL AREA, MOSCOW December 11, 1937 305

ON THE FINAL VICTORY OF SOCIALISM IN THE U.S.S.R. January 18 – February 12, 1938 315

LETTER ON PUBLICATIONS FOR CHILDREN DIRECTED TO THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE ALL-UNION COMMUNIST YOUTH February 16, 1938 327

SPEECH DELIVERED AT A RECEPTION IN THE KREMLIN TO HIGHER EDUCATIONAL WORKERS May 17, 1938 329

ON THE PROHIBITION OF THE EXCLUSION OF KOLKHOZINES FROM THE KOLKHOZES

  • Decree of the Council of People’s Commissars of the U.S.S.R. and of the Central Committee of the C.P.S.U.(B) April 19, 1938 333

ON THE INCORRECT DISTRIBUTION OF REVENUES IN THE KOLKHOZES

  • Decree of the Council of People’s Commissars of the U.S.S.R. and of the Central Committee of the C.P.S.U.(B) April 19, 1938 339

ON THE TAXES AND OTHER OBLIGATIONS CONCERNING INDEPENDENT OPERATORS

  • Decree of the Council of People’s Commissars of the U.S.S.R. and of the Central Committee of the C.P.S.U.(B) April 19, 1938 349

OATH OF ALLEGIANCE OF THE WORKERS’ AND PEASANTS’ RED ARMY February 23, 1939 353

REPORT ON THE WORK OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE TO THE EIGHTEENTH CONGRESS OF THE C.P.S.U.(B) March 10, 1939 355

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES 431

Works Vol 16 - November 1944-1952

Works Vol 16 – November 1944-1952

 

 

Contents include:

Marxism and Problems of Linguistics

Economic Problems of Socialism in the USSR

Speech at the 19th Party Congress of the CPSU

 

 

 

History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks)

History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks)

History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks)

 

 

The History of the Party from its earliest days at the end of the 19th century until the just after the liquidation of the remnants of the Bukharin-Trotsky Gang of Spies at the time of the time of the adoption of the new Constitution in 1937.

 

 

 

Index to the History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks)

Index to the History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks)

 

 

 

There was no Index included in the original book but a separate index was published by Lawrence and Wishart for the English edition.

 

 

 

 

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