The International Emergency Committee to Defend the Life of Dr Abimael Guzmán (IEC)

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The International Emergency Committee to Defend the Life of Dr Abimael Guzmán (IEC)

The International Emergency Committee to Defend the Life of Dr Abimael Guzmán (IEC) was established within a matter of days of the leader of the Communist Party of Peru – Sendero Luminoso, also known by the nom de guerre as President Gonzalo, was captured by the Peruvian Security Police (Dincote) on 12th September 1992.

To get a rough idea of the background to the International Emergency Committee watch the video, produced in 1994, entitled ‘You must tell the world’. (Not a particularly clear video but it does give an idea of how the IEC started out and how widespread was the support for the defence of Abimael Guzmán.)

(Apologies in advance for the poor quality of some of the scans below. Money was in short supply most of the time (hence duplication rather than printing) and often speed took precedence over quality. And, it should not be forgotten, no one at that time was really thinking of these documents being made widely available in a digital format. Many of the documents were published for an internal distribution so were, in effect, working documents.)

On the new IEC pamphlet.

The International Emergency Committee to Defend the Life of Dr Abimael Guzmán – a booklet giving information about the struggle in Peru, the Communist Party fo Peru – Sendero Luminoso, Dr Abimael Guzmán (Presidente Gonzalo), his trial and imprisonment and the campaign to defend his life.

Call to support the International Emergency Committee to Defend the Life of Abimael Guzmán – with partial list of early signatories

The IEC Legal Project

Urgent appeal for funds for the International Emergency Committee – paper, printing, postage, delegations to Peru cost money and all organisations such as the IEC were constantly short of money.

Committee to release and Defend the Life of Dr Abimael Guzman – Bangladesh, February 1993

IEC Founding Conference, Krefeld, Germany, 27-28 February, 1993

Invitation to the Founding Conference of the International Committee to Defend the Life of Abimael Guzmán

Invitación a la Conferencía Inaugural del Comite Internacional de Emergencía para Defender la Vida de Abimael Guzmán

Build for the IEC Founding Conference – Committee to Support the Revolution in Peru

Agenda for the Founding Conference of the International Emergency Committee to Defend the Life of Dr Abimael Guzmán

The Conference

International Call to Action – 12-24 September, 1993

Call of the International Emergency Committee to Defend the Life of Abimael Guzmán, 1993

International Call to Action! 20-21 May 1994

Materials on the Revolution in Peru – CSRP

To the Coordinating Committee and to the other members of the Steering Committee of the International Emergency Committee to Defend the Life of Dr Abimael Guzmán (IEC) – Letter from Swedish Steering Committee member about the CC PCP Declaration of 7th October, 1993 (12 04 1994)

Al Comité Coordinador y a los otro miembros del Comité Directivo del Comité Internacional de Emergencia para Defender la Vida de Abimael Guzmán (CIE) – carta de un miembro de la Comité Directivo Sueca sobre la Declaración del CC del PCP de 7 de octubre, 1993 (12 04 1994)

Why does the RIM help US Imperialism encircle the PCP? – Informationsblad, No 24, English, 12th August 1994

A proposal to Convene a Plenary Meeting of the Steering Committee of the IEC. Letter from Swedish Steering Committee member 26th February 1995.

Declaration concerning certain suspicions – Sweden 27th April 1995

The ‘Trail’

The trial and the events surrounding it is covered in ‘Current Issues in Criminal Justice’ (an Australian based, peer-reviewed law journal), Volume 4, Issue 3, of March 1993. Chris Everson, who had been a member of the 3rd IEC Delegation to go to Peru in November 1992, a lawyer working with the South Wales Aboriginal Legal Services at the time, wrote an article entitled ‘The Railroad and Imprisonment of Abimael Guzmán’ for the magazine.

IEC – Emergency Bulletins

from the start there was an intention to keep people informed by the regular publication of an ‘Emergency Bulletin’. This went up to a total of 61 issues. Unfortunately not a complete collection you will be able to get an idea of how the campaign developed (together with the organisation of – eventually – seven separate delegations to lobby of Presidente Gonzalo’s behalf. You will also be able to learn of the ongoing attacks of the Peruvian State against anyone who dared to stand up against the abuse of State power.

Request for an Emergency Bulletin subscription.

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 10

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 16

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 17

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 18

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 19

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 20

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 23 – in Spanish

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 24

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 25

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 26

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 27

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 28

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 29

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 30

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 31

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 32

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 33

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 34

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 35

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 36

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 37

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 38

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 39

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 40

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 41

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 42

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 43

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 44

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 45

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 46

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 47

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 48

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 49

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 50

After issue No 50 the EB’s started to be published very sporadically – reflecting the struggles that were taking place with what was known as the ‘Two line Struggle’ and the move away from the long established base in London to the United States.

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 52

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 54

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 55

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 56

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 57

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 58

The only versions available for issues 59 and 60 were originally posted on the internet. They are as they were posted apart from the deletion of any hyperlinks – they don’t work now. Also there were one or two typos corrected.

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 59

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 60

IEC – Emergency Bulletin No 61

We are not aware of any other Emergency Bulletins after No 61 published in February 2001.

IEC Delegations to Peru

The Seven IEC Delegations to Peru

The First Delegation – 30th September – 9th October 1992

Report of the Ad Hoc International Lawyers Delegation to observe the trial of Abimael Guzmán

The case of Abimael Guzman – an example of the consequences of the ‘Legalisation’ of the Notion of Terrorism – Anne-Marie Parodi (a lawyer on the 1st Delegation)

The Fourth Delegation – April 1993

Announcement of the 4th Delegation – 28th March 1993

Findings of the April Delegation of the International Emergency Committee to Defend the Life of Abimael Guzmán

Informe de la delegación de abril del Comite Internacional de Emergencía para Defender la Vida de Abimael Guzmán

The Seventh Delegation

Seize the time to break the isolation of Dr Abimael Guzmán (Chairman Gonzalo)! 7th IEC Delegation to Peru needed to demand an end to isolation 30th January, 2001

Urgent call to Organisers to raise money for the 7th IEC Delegation

Report on the 7th IEC Delegation to Peru

More on the Peruvian Revolution

Documents of the Communist Party of Peru

Long Live the People's War!

Long Live the People’s War!

More on the Peruvian Revolution

Documents of the Communist Party of Peru

The People’s War, initiated on 17th May 1980 by the Communist Party of Peru, was one of the most significant revolutionary events of the late 20th century. Although there had been many revolutionary movements in Central and Latin America since the end of World War Two the revolution in Peru was the first led by a Party that followed a clear Marxist-Leninist ideology. Through the lessons learnt and from the experiences gained in the first seven to eight years of the struggle the Party also put forward the argument that Marxism-Leninism had developed (also through the experiences in China up to 1976) to a new and higher form, that of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism.

Following the Maoist principals of acting like fish in water the Party (also known by outsiders under the name Sendero Luminoso – Shining Path) embedded itself amongst the exploited and oppressed in the Andean countryside and established such a power base that there was a real chance of the collapse of the capitalist state in Peru.

That was not to be due to the capture of Abimael Guzmán-Presidente Gonzalo, the chairman of the Party on September 12th 1992.

However, the Party did produce a considerable amount of material, most of it written by Presidente Gonzalo, which analysed the struggle of Marxist-Leninist-Maoist revolutionaries in a period following the success of the revisionists and ‘capitalist-roaders’ in the People’s Republic of China.

Although severely damaged by the capture of Abimael Guzmán the Party (and the People’s War) continued in Peru, with the Party continuing to produce statements and other material for a number of years. However, the dependence of the Party (from its earliest days) on a single leader meant that the struggle was never able to regain the momentum of the 1980s. The reasons for this collapse of the People’s War is something that needs investigation at some time in the future.

Those links below which are not followed by further information are to documents that were obtained by way of optical recognition software from original material. Although these documents have been checked there’s a chance that typographical mistakes might well still exist. Apologies for that.

This is not the complete collection of material. There are still a number of documents from 1990 onwards to be added. They will be in due course.

As will also be noticed the vast majority of the material is only in Spanish.

1968

Para Entender a Mariátegui

1970

América Latina – Guerra Popular

1974

La Problemática Naciónal

1975

Retomemos a Mariátegui y reconstituyamos su partido

1976

El Problema Campesino y La Revolución

Sobre la Construcción del Partido

1978

Contra las Ilusiones Constitucionales por el Estado de Nueva Democracia

1979

Desarrollemos la Creciente Protesta Popular

Por la Nueva Bandera

Sobre Tres Capitulos de Nuestra Historia

1980

We are the initiators, From the First Military School, April 19, 1980, 9 pages.

Comenzamos a Derrumbar los Muros y a Desplegar la Aurora

Hacia la Guerra de Guerrillas

1981

Viva la Lucha Armada de Nuestro Pueblo

1982

Desarrollemos la Guerra de Guerrillas

1985

Two important documents of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Peru: Develop Guerilla Warfare and Don’t Vote! Instead, expand the Guerilla War to Seize Power for the People!, The Committee to Support the Revolution in Peru, Berkeley, 1985, 36 pages.

1986

Nada ni Nadie Podra Derrotarnos

1987

1 de mayo: Por la Revolución Proletaria Mundial, Viva el Marxismo-Leninismo-Maoísm! Partido Comunista De España, May 1987, 2 pages. Endorsed by the Partido Comunista del Perú

Dar la Vida por el Partido y la Revolutión

1988

First Party Congress of the Communist Party of Peru

On Gonzalo Thought

On Marxism-Leninism-Maoism

Both documents released in early 1988.

Communist Party of Peru – Programme – assumed to have been adopted at the 1st Congress.

Bases de Discusión de la Línea Polítical General

Documentos Fundamentales

El PCP y el Maoísmo

1989

Guerra Popular en el Perú, El Pensamiento Gonzalo, Volume 1, edited by Luis Arce Borja, Lima, 1989. 418 pages. (Some highlighting and underlining.)

Entrevista con el Presidente Gonzalo

Interview with Chairman Gonzalo. Interview with the Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Peru conducted by the editors of El Diario newspaper. The interview took place in July 1988. Committee to Support the Revolution in Peru, Berkley, 1991. 105 pages.

El Partido, la Guerra Popular y el Boicot, Comite Central, Partido Communist del Peru, Ediciones Bandera Roja, reproducido por el Movimiento Popular Peru en Francia, 1989, 191 pages. Collection of articles published between 1977 and 1988 (in Spanish).

1990

Honor y Gloria al Proletariado y al Pueblo del Perú! Comité Central del Partido Comunista del Perú, Ediciones Bandera Roja, 1990, May 1990, 2 pages.

En conmemoración del 40 anniversario de la Revolutión China, Comité Central del Partido Comunista del Perú, Ediciones Bandera Roja, 1990, 12 pages.

Elecciones, No! Guerra Popular, Si!, Ediciones Bandera Roja, reproducido por el Movimiento Popular Perú en Francia, 192 pages.

Elecciones, No! Guerra Popular, Si!

1992

In Defense of the Leadership, against the Genocidal Dictatorship! President Gonzalo’s speech, September 24th, 1992, on the historic occasion of his arrest. PCP Base, Lima, October 1992, 4 pages.

Quien es el Presidente Gonzalo?, Colombia, 1992, 12 pages. Reproduction of three articles from the newspaper El Diario. Published very soon after Presidente Gonzalo’s capture in September 1992. (Apologies for poor reproduction.)

Resolution and Statement of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Peru, December 1992, 4 pages.

Crush down the genocidal plan against the Prisoners of War! Prisoners of War, Canto Grande, Shining Trench of Combat, December 1992, 2 pages.

Aplastar el Plan de Genocido contra Los Prisoneros de Guerra! Prisoneros de Guerra, Luminosa Trinchera de Combate de Canto Grande, December 1992, 4 pages.

Resolution, Comité Central, Partido Comunista del Perú, (Pensamiento Gonzalo), December 1992, Reproduced by MPP, France, 4 pages.

1993

Para Armado 28 – 29 enero, Partido Comunista del Perú, Base Puno, 1993, leaflet, 1 page.

Letter of the Association des Amis de la République Populaire du Pérou en formation (AARPP), February 1993. In French.

Victory to the Armed Strike may 17, 18 and 19, Classist Movement of the Shanytowns, Lima Base, Lima, May 1993, 2 pages.

Gloria al Dia de la Resistencia Heroica! Primero Aniversario, Comité de Socorro Popular del Perú, May 1993, 161 pages. Unfortunately this was taken from a poor copy of the original and some pages are difficult to understand. However, the book is quite unique in the pictures that accompany the timeline – it’s almost a graphic novel. Some of the indistinct pages are of documents that can be found in other locations in this post so it’s hoped that not all information and understanding will be lost.

Gloria al Dia de la Heroicidad! Dia de la Heroicidad! Tercer Aniversario, Comité Central del Partido Comunista del Perú, junio 1987, reproducido por el Moviemiento Popular Perú en Francis, junio 1993, 227 pages.

Acuerdo de paz – letter (supposedly) from Abimael Guzmán and Elena Iparraguirre to Fujimori dated 6th October 1993.

Three summaries of World Broadcasts by the British Broadcasting Corporation in response to the above letter. Strangely the first is dated 4th October 1993, two days before the letter was purportedly sent.

Declaration of the Comité Central del Partido Comunista del Perú, 7th October, 1993, 4 pages. The initial response by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Peru to the publication of ‘letters’ from the imprisoned Abimael Guzmán (Presidente Gonzalo).

Draft translation of the CC of the CPC – Workers of the World Unite!, 7th October 1993, 2 pages.

Declaration of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Peru, ‘Workers of the World Unite!’, 7th October, 1993. Published online by the Committee to Support the Revolution in Peru. And English translation of the initial response of the CC of the CPP to the ‘letter’ from President Gonzalo.

Guerra Popular en el Perú, El Pensamiento Gonzalo, Tomo 2, edited by Luis Arce Borja, Germany, October, 1993. 303 pages. (Some highlighting and underlining.)

Luchar por un Acuerdo de Paz y Sentar Bases para el II Congreso! (Acuerdo de Paz, Lucha de Clases y Lucha de Dos Lineas), Prisoneros de las Luminosas Trincheras de Combate, Peru, November 1993, 24 pages. A potentially suspect document due to the speed at which it appeared so soon after Abimael Guzmán’s ‘letter” from prison.

1994

Reaffirm Our Party Basis of Unity and Build the Seizure of Power, Report by the Central Committee, February 1994

Programme of the Communist Party of Peru, in both English and Spanish. No publisher and ND – but assumed to be 1994. 6 pages.

Draft translation of ‘Prounciamiento’ from El Diario, 631, ‘Unite the people to defend the headquarters, against the sell out murderous dictatorship’. Committee of Relatives of Political Prisoners and Prisoners of War and Disappeared in Peru. December 3rd 1993. Lima, January 1994, 3 pages.

Asumir y Combatir por la Nueva Decisión y Nueva Definición!, edited by the German Popular Movement of Peru, Hamburg Anti-imperialist Group, May 1994, 45 pages.

Take up and Fight for a New Decision and a New Definition, ND – but assumed to be 1994, 10 pages. Argument in favour of capitulation.

1995

Overcome the Bend in the Road, Developing the People’s War! Central Committee, Communist Party of Peru (September 1995).

1997

Revolutionaries or Vulgar Shysters? – MRTA: The Guerilla of Peace Talks, Luis Arce Borja, Brussels, Belgium, January 27th 1997. Translated, printed and published by Committee Sol Peru, London, Press Commission, 1997, 4 pages.

2002

Marxism, Mariátegui and the Feminist Movement, Delhi, 2002, 26 pages.

2016

Collected Works of the Communist Party of Peru, Volume 1 1968 – 1987, published by Christophe Kistler & Josef Hallqvist, Utrecht, 2016, 464 pages.

Por el 88 Aniversario del Partido Comunista del Perú, Comité Central, Partido Comunista del Perú, october del 2016, 4 pages.

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