Documents of the Communist Party of Peru
The People’s War, initiated on 17th May 1980 by the Communist Party of Peru, was one of the most significant revolutionary events of the late 20th century. Although there had been many revolutionary movements in Central and Latin America since the end of World War Two the revolution in Peru was the first led by a Party that followed a clear Marxist-Leninist ideology. Through the lessons learnt and from the experiences gained in the first seven to eight years of the struggle the Party also put forward the argument that Marxism-Leninism had developed (also through the experiences in China up to 1976) to a new and higher form, that of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism.
Following the Maoist principals of acting like fish in water the Party (also known by outsiders under the name Sendero Luminoso – Shining Path) embedded itself amongst the exploited and oppressed in the Andean countryside and established such a power base that there was a real chance of the collapse of the capitalist state in Peru.
That was not to be due to the capture of Abimael Guzmán-Presidente Gonzalo, the chairman of the Party on September 12th 1992.
However, the Party did produce a considerable amount of material, most of it written by Presidente Gonzalo, which analysed the struggle of Marxist-Leninist-Maoist revolutionaries in a period following the success of the revisionists and ‘capitalist-roaders’ in the People’s Republic of China.
Although severely damaged by the capture of Abimael Guzmán the Party (and the People’s War) continued in Peru, with the Party continuing to produce statements and other material for a number of years. However, the dependence of the Party (from its earliest days) on a single leader meant that the struggle was never able to regain the momentum of the 1980s. The reasons for this collapse of the People’s War is something that needs investigation at some time in the future.
Those links below which are not followed by further information are to documents that were obtained by way of optical recognition software from original material. Although these documents have been checked there’s a chance that typographical mistakes might well still exist. Apologies for that.
This is not the complete collection of material. There are still a number of documents from 1990 onwards to be added. They will be in due course.
As will also be noticed the vast majority of the material is only in Spanish.
We are the initiators, From the First Military School, April 19, 1980, 9 pages.
Two important documents of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Peru: Develop Guerilla Warfare and Don’t Vote! Instead, expand the Guerilla War to Seize Power for the People!, The Committee to Support the Revolution in Peru, Berkeley, 1985, 36 pages.
1 de mayo: Por la Revolución Proletaria Mundial, Viva el Marxismo-Leninismo-Maoísm! Partido Comunista De España, May 1987, 2 pages. Endorsed by the Partido Comunista del Perú
First Party Congress of the Communist Party of Peru
Both documents released in early 1988.
Communist Party of Peru – Programme – assumed to have been adopted at the 1st Congress.
Guerra Popular en el Perú, El Pensamiento Gonzalo, Volume 1, edited by Luis Arce Borja, Lima, 1989. 418 pages. (Some highlighting and underlining.)
Interview with Chairman Gonzalo. Interview with the Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Peru conducted by the editors of El Diario newspaper. The interview took place in July 1988. Committee to Support the Revolution in Peru, Berkley, 1991. 105 pages.
El Partido, la Guerra Popular y el Boicot, Comite Central, Partido Communist del Peru, Ediciones Bandera Roja, reproducido por el Movimiento Popular Peru en Francia, 1989, 191 pages. Collection of articles published between 1977 and 1988 (in Spanish).
Honor y Gloria al Proletariado y al Pueblo del Perú! Comité Central del Partido Comunista del Perú, Ediciones Bandera Roja, 1990, May 1990, 2 pages.
En conmemoración del 40 anniversario de la Revolutión China, Comité Central del Partido Comunista del Perú, Ediciones Bandera Roja, 1990, 12 pages.
Elecciones, No! Guerra Popular, Si!, Ediciones Bandera Roja, reproducido por el Movimiento Popular Perú en Francia, 192 pages.
In Defense of the Leadership, against the Genocidal Dictatorship! President Gonzalo’s speech, September 24th, 1992, on the historic occasion of his arrest. PCP Base, Lima, October 1992, 4 pages.
Quien es el Presidente Gonzalo?, Colombia, 1992, 12 pages. Reproduction of three articles from the newspaper El Diario. Published very soon after Presidente Gonzalo’s capture in September 1992. (Apologies for poor reproduction.)
Resolution and Statement of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Peru, December 1992, 4 pages.
Crush down the genocidal plan against the Prisoners of War! Prisoners of War, Canto Grande, Shining Trench of Combat, December 1992, 2 pages.
Aplastar el Plan de Genocido contra Los Prisoneros de Guerra! Prisoneros de Guerra, Luminosa Trinchera de Combate de Canto Grande, December 1992, 4 pages.
Resolution, Comité Central, Partido Comunista del Perú, (Pensamiento Gonzalo), December 1992, Reproduced by MPP, France, 4 pages.
Para Armado 28 – 29 enero, Partido Comunista del Perú, Base Puno, 1993, leaflet, 1 page.
Letter of the Association des Amis de la République Populaire du Pérou en formation (AARPP), February 1993. In French.
Victory to the Armed Strike may 17, 18 and 19, Classist Movement of the Shanytowns, Lima Base, Lima, May 1993, 2 pages.
Gloria al Dia de la Resistencia Heroica! Primero Aniversario, Comité de Socorro Popular del Perú, May 1993, 161 pages. Unfortunately this was taken from a poor copy of the original and some pages are difficult to understand. However, the book is quite unique in the pictures that accompany the timeline – it’s almost a graphic novel. Some of the indistinct pages are of documents that can be found in other locations in this post so it’s hoped that not all information and understanding will be lost.
Gloria al Dia de la Heroicidad! Dia de la Heroicidad! Tercer Aniversario, Comité Central del Partido Comunista del Perú, junio 1987, reproducido por el Moviemiento Popular Perú en Francis, junio 1993, 227 pages.
Acuerdo de paz – letter (supposedly) from Abimael Guzmán and Elena Iparraguirre to Fujimori dated 6th October 1993.
Three summaries of World Broadcasts by the British Broadcasting Corporation in response to the above letter. Strangely the first is dated 4th October 1993, two days before the letter was purportedly sent.
Declaration of the Comité Central del Partido Comunista del Perú, 7th October, 1993, 4 pages. The initial response by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Peru to the publication of ‘letters’ from the imprisoned Abimael Guzmán (Presidente Gonzalo).
Draft translation of the CC of the CPC – Workers of the World Unite!, 7th October 1993, 2 pages.
Declaration of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Peru, ‘Workers of the World Unite!’, 7th October, 1993. Published online by the Committee to Support the Revolution in Peru. And English translation of the initial response of the CC of the CPP to the ‘letter’ from President Gonzalo.
Guerra Popular en el Perú, El Pensamiento Gonzalo, Tomo 2, edited by Luis Arce Borja, Germany, October, 1993. 303 pages. (Some highlighting and underlining.)
Luchar por un Acuerdo de Paz y Sentar Bases para el II Congreso! (Acuerdo de Paz, Lucha de Clases y Lucha de Dos Lineas), Prisoneros de las Luminosas Trincheras de Combate, Peru, November 1993, 24 pages. A potentially suspect document due to the speed at which it appeared so soon after Abimael Guzmán’s ‘letter” from prison.
Reaffirm Our Party Basis of Unity and Build the Seizure of Power, Report by the Central Committee, February 1994
Programme of the Communist Party of Peru, in both English and Spanish. No publisher and ND – but assumed to be 1994. 6 pages.
Draft translation of ‘Prounciamiento’ from El Diario, 631, ‘Unite the people to defend the headquarters, against the sell out murderous dictatorship’. Committee of Relatives of Political Prisoners and Prisoners of War and Disappeared in Peru. December 3rd 1993. Lima, January 1994, 3 pages.
Asumir y Combatir por la Nueva Decisión y Nueva Definición!, edited by the German Popular Movement of Peru, Hamburg Anti-imperialist Group, May 1994, 45 pages.
Take up and Fight for a New Decision and a New Definition, ND – but assumed to be 1994, 10 pages. Argument in favour of capitulation.
Overcome the Bend in the Road, Developing the People’s War! Central Committee, Communist Party of Peru (September 1995).
Revolutionaries or Vulgar Shysters? – MRTA: The Guerilla of Peace Talks, Luis Arce Borja, Brussels, Belgium, January 27th 1997. Translated, printed and published by Committee Sol Peru, London, Press Commission, 1997, 4 pages.
Marxism, Mariátegui and the Feminist Movement, Delhi, 2002, 26 pages.
Collected Works of the Communist Party of Peru, Volume 1 1968 – 1987, published by Christophe Kistler & Josef Hallqvist, Utrecht, 2016, 464 pages.
Por el 88 Aniversario del Partido Comunista del Perú, Comité Central, Partido Comunista del Perú, october del 2016, 4 pages.