Chinese Literature Magazine 1964
By 1964 the break between the Communist Parties of China and the Soviet Union had reached a point of no return. The Communist Party of China had tried longer than the only other anti-Revisionist ruling Party (the Party of Labour of Albania) to maintain good relations with the first Socialist state. However, the actions of Khrushchov and the other sycophantic revisionist parties throughout the world meant that the International Communist Movement was now divided into two hostile camps.
This situation was reflected in the issues and documents that were published in Peking Review (the weekly informative magazine which published the views and analysis of the ruling Party) and throughout 1964 the documents that became known as the ‘International Polemic’ appeared for the first time. These were later published in pamphlet form and were distributed as part of the debate surrounding the Cultural Revolution after 1966.
The importance that Chairman Mao Tse-tung had placed on the role of literature and art in the development of the Socialist revolution meant that soon this polemic would work its way through the cultural magazines being published at the time.
Although (at present) only two issues from 1964 are available it is possible to appreciate that the appearance of a novel (The Builders) – which encapsulated the different approach of revolutionaries and the revisionists (both internationally and within China itself) – presaged the major assault on the cultural front that would really take off from the second half of 1966.
Writings of the last generation – Wang Tung-chao and Wu Tsu-hsiang
Introduction to classical painting
Notes on drama
Excerpt from the novel ‘The Builders’ by Liu Ching
Writings of the last generation – Yang Chen-sheng
Notes on art