Chinese Literature – 1956

State cattle farm

State cattle farm

It was in the pages of the magazine Chinese Literature that foreign followers of the Chinese Revolution and the construction of Socialism were able to experience, for the first time, the literary work of the many national minority groups within the country. In the one of the magazines on this page it is possible to learn a little bit of the Uighur minority people, who live in the north-west of the country. 

In the early years following the Declaration of the People’s Republic of China in 1949 by Mao Tse-tung, great efforts were made to revive and develop traditional forms of Chinese culture, and Kunchu Opera was one of them. With the start of the Cultural Revolution in 1966 the traditional stories told in these operas came under attack as not representing the interests of the workers and peasants in the construction of Socialism. Although some of the forms were maintained in the new Revolutionary Peking Opera the stories told were of the struggle against the established order and the building of a new society. With the counter-revolution, following quickly after the death of Chairman Mao, these old operatic forms, with their reactionary stories have been revived yet again – this time promoting a hierarchy in society which is for the benefit of the new capitalist class in China. 

Chinese Literature - 1956 - No 3

Chinese Literature – 1956 – No 3

 

Contents include:

Poems and Folk Tales from the Uighur national minority

A Thousand Miles of Lovely Land – a novel written by Yang Shuo, a Chinese Volunteer in the Korean Fatherland Liberation War

Reminiscences of Lu Hsun

 

 

Chinese Literature - 1956 - No 4

Chinese Literature – 1956 – No 4

 

Contents include:

Articles on; Building a Socialist Literature and The Key problems in Literature and Art

Four short stories by Lu Hsun

Fifteen Strings of Cash – the libretto of a Kunchu Opera